Pitch (sports field)
A pitch or a sports ground is an outdoor playing area for various sports. The term pitch is most commonly used in British English, while the comparable term in American and Canadian English is playing field or sports field.
In most sports the official term is field of play, although this is not regularly used by those outside refereeing/umpiring circles. The field of play generally includes out-of-bounds areas that a player is likely to enter while playing a match, such as the area beyond the touchlines in association football and rugby or the sidelines in American and Canadian football, or the "foul territory" in baseball.
The surface of a pitch is most commonly composed of sod (grass), but may also be artificial turf, sand, clay, gravel, concrete, or other materials. A playing field on ice may be referred to as a rink, for example an ice hockey rink, although rink may also refer to the entire building or, in the sport of curling, to either the building or a particular team.
In the sport of cricket, the cricket pitch refers not to the entire field of play, but to the section of the field on which batting and bowling take place in the centre of the field. The pitch is prepared differently from the rest of the field, to provide a harder surface for bowling.
The term level playing field is also used metaphorically to mean fairness in non-sporting human activities such as business where there are notional winners and losers.
Fields of play in various sports
Baseball field (or diamond)
Velodrome (Track Cycling)
|Badminton (singles)||Rectangular||13.40 m||17.40 m||5.18 m||8.18 m|
|Badminton (doubles)||Rectangular||13.40 m||17.40 m||6.10 m||9.10 m|
|Volleyball||Rectangular||18.00 m||24-31 m||9.00 m||15-19 m|
|Tennis (singles)||Rectangular||23.77 m||37.00 m||8.23 m||18.00 m|
|Tennis (doubles)||Rectangular||23.77 m||37.00 m||10.93 m||18.00 m|
|Swimming (short course)||Rectangular||25.00 m||-||20.00 m||-|
|Basketball (FIBA)||Rectangular||28.00 m||-||15.00 m||-|
|Basketball (NBA)||Rectangular||28.70 m||-||15.20 m||-|
|Futsal||Rectangular||38-42 m||-||20-25 m||-|
|Swimming (Olympic)||Rectangular||50.00 m||-||25.00 m||-|
|Short track speed skating||Oval||60.00 m||-||30.00 m||-|
|Ice hockey (IIHF)||Rounded rectangular||61.00 m||-||30.00 m||-|
|Ice hockey (NHL)||Rounded rectangular||61.00 m||-||26.00 m||-|
|Field hockey||Rectangular||91.40 m||-||55.00 m||-|
|Bandy||Rectangular||100-110 m||-||60-65 m||-|
|Association football||Rectangular||100-110 m||-||64-75 m||-|
|American football||Rectangular||91.80 m||110.00 m||48.75 m||-|
|Rugby league||Rectangular||100.00 m||112-122 m||68.00 m||-|
|Rugby union||Rectangular||94-100 m||138-144 m||68-70 m||-|
|Canadian football||Rectangular||101.00 m||137.00 m||59.00 m||-|
|Baseball||Diamond||92-128 m||-||92-128 m||-|
|Track and field||Oval||140.40 m||-||56.00 m||-|
|Cricket||Oval||137-150 m||-||137-150 m||-|
|Australian rules football||Oval||135-185 m||-||110-155 m||-|
|Long track speed skating||Oval||178.00 m||-||66.00 m||-|
- Game court
- Grassfield High School in Virginia, United States, often referred to as "Grassfield" or "Grass field"
- Kapstein, Ethan B (16 Dec 2010). Economic Justice in an Unfair World: Toward a Level Playing Field. Princeton University Press.
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