Pitch (sports field)

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Comparison of the playing area for various sports to scale

A pitch or a sports ground is an outdoor playing area for various sports. The term pitch is most commonly used in British and Australian English, while the comparable term in American and Canadian English is playing field or sports field.

In most sports the official term is field of play, although this is not regularly used by those outside of refereeing/umpiring circles.[citation needed] The field of play generally includes out-of-bounds areas that a player is likey to enter while playing a match, such as the area beyond the touchlines in association football and rugby or the sidelines in American and Canadian football, or the "foul territory" in baseball.

The surface of a pitch is most commonly composed of sod (grass), but may also be artificial turf, sand, clay, gravel, concrete, or other materials. A playing field on ice may be referred to as a rink, for example an ice hockey rink, although rink may also refer to the entire building or, in the sport of curling, to either the building or a particular team.

In the sport of cricket, the cricket pitch refers not to the entire field of play, but to the section of the field on which batting and bowling take place in the centre of the field. The pitch is prepared differently from the rest of the field, to provide a harder surface for bowling.

A pitch is often a regulation space, as in an association football pitch.

Fields of play in various sports[edit]


Football pitch

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Baseball field (or diamond)

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Basketball court

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Camogie, Gaelic football,
and hurling pitch

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Cricket pitch

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Hockey field


Ice hockey rink

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Rugby pitch

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Speed skating rink

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Tennis court

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Velodrome (Track Cycling)

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Bandy rink

See also[edit]

External links[edit]