Pleasington Priory

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pleasington Priory
Church of St Mary and St John Baptist
Pleasington Priory.jpg
Pleasington Priory from the southeast
Pleasington Priory is located in Blackburn with Darwen
Pleasington Priory
Pleasington Priory
Location in Blackburn with Darwen
Coordinates: 53°44′06″N 2°32′34″W / 53.7350°N 2.5429°W / 53.7350; -2.5429
OS grid reference SD 643,266
Location Pleasington, Lancashire
Country England
Denomination Roman Catholic
Architecture
Heritage designation Grade I
Designated 24 November 1966
Architect(s) John Palmer
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic Revival
Groundbreaking 1816
Completed 1819
Construction cost £23,000
Specifications
Materials Ashlar, slate roofs
Administration
Diocese Salford

Pleasington Priory, or the Church of St Mary and St John Baptist, is a Roman Catholic church in the village of Pleasington, Lancashire, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building.[1] The architectural historian Nikolaus Pevsner describes it as being "an astonishing church",[2] and the citation in the National Heritage List for England states it is an "exceptional form of Catholic chapel for the period before Emancipation".[1]

History[edit]

The church was built between 1816 and 1819 as a thank offering by John Francis Butler at a cost of £23,000 (£1.57 million as of 2017),[3] the architect being John Palmer and the sculptor Thomas Owen.[1]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The church is built in ashlar with slate roofs. It is a large, tall church with mixed Gothic styles. Its plan consists of a five-bay nave with a clerestory, north and south aisles, and a polygonal apse. Entry to the church is at the west through a three-order portal above which are three statues on corbels.[1] On the underside of the middle corbel is a bust of John Butler in military uniform.[2] Above the statue is a carved arch, then a small parapet and a large rose window, and a gable with an openwork parapet surmounted by a crocketed cross. At each side of the portal is an octagonal turret with a three-stage pinnacle. Outside the turrets are offices, each with a niche containing on one side the name of the architect and on the other the sculptor. The aisles have five five-light windows and are battlemented; the clerestory has triple lancet windows and an openwork parapet. The apse has tall five-light Perpendicular windows. On the south side is a priest's door.[1]

Interior[edit]

The ceiling is rib vaulted with carved bosses and there are four-bay arcades with dogtooth decoration. On each side of the altar is a carved relief, one showing the Beheading of St John, the other Mary Magdalene.[1]

External features[edit]

The churchyard contains the war graves of eight service personnel of World War I, and nine of World War II.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Historic England, "Roman Catholic Church of St Mary and St John the Baptist, Pleasington (1072419)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 10 June 2012 
  2. ^ a b Pevsner, Nikolaus (2002) [1969], North Lancashire, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp. 190–191, ISBN 0-300-09617-8 
  3. ^ UK Consumer Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Gregory Clark (2016), "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)", MeasuringWorth.com.
  4. ^ PLEASINGTON PRIORY (SS. MARY AND JOHN THE BAPTIST) ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCHYARD, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 18 February 2013 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]