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Plectranthus fruticans0.jpg
Flowers of Plectranthus fruticosus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Subfamily: Nepetoideae
Tribe: Ocimeae
Genus: Plectranthus

Many, see text


Ascocarydion G.Taylor
Burnatastrum Briq.
Capitanya Gürke
Coleus Lour.
Dielsia Kudô
Englerastrum Briq.
Germanea Lam.
Holostylon Robyns & Lebrun
Isodictyophorus Briq.
Leocus A.Chev.
Neomuellera Briq.
Perrierastrum Guillaumin
Symphostemon Hiern

Plectranthus, with some 350 species, is a genus of warm-climate plants occurring largely in the Southern Hemisphere, in sub-Saharan Africa, Madagascar, India and the Indonesian archipelago down to Australia and some Pacific Islands. They are closely related to Solenostemon and are known as the spurflowers. Several species are grown as ornamental plants, as leaf vegetables, as root vegetables for their edible tubers, or as medicine.[2]

Plectranthus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the engrailed (Ectropis crepuscularia).

Many plants called coleus actually belong to this genus, as Coleus is no longer recognized.

Selected species[edit]

Formerly described as Plectranthus[edit]

Image gallery[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Genus: Plectranthus L'Hér". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Retrieved 2011-02-17.
  2. ^ Catherine W. Lukhobaa; Monique S.J. Simmonds & Alan J. Paton (3 January 2006). "Plectranthus: A review of ethnobotanical uses". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 103 (1): 1–24. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2005.09.011. PMID 16289602.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap "Plectranthus". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 2009-02-03.
  4. ^ Bussmann R. W.; et al. (2006). "Plant use of the Maasai of Sekenani Valley, Maasai Mara, Kenya". J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2: 22. doi:10.1186/1746-4269-2-22. PMC 1475560. PMID 16674830.
  5. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Plectranthus". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-02-17.

External links[edit]