Pleioblastus

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Pleioblastus
Pleioblastus gramineus1.jpg
Pleioblastus gramineus in cultivation at the Botanical Gardens Faculty of Science Osaka City University
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Genus: Pleioblastus
Nakai
Type species
Pleioblastus communis [1][2]
(Makino) Nakai
Synonyms[3][4]

Pleioblastus is a, East Asian genus of monopodial bamboos in the grass family.[5][6] They are native to China and Japan, and naturalized in scattered places in Korea, Europe, New Zealand, and the Western Hemisphere.[7][8]

The plant spreads by vigorous underground rhizomes which run along just beneath the soil surface, producing plantlets at the nodes. These can be used to propagate new plants, but if not removed they can become invasive.

The species P. variegatus[9] (green and cream stripes), and P. viridistriatus[10] (green and yellow stripes) have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[11]

Genetic research suggests that this genus may properly be part of the genus Arundinaria.[12]

Species[3][13]
formerly included[3]

see Acidosasa Ampelocalamus Chimonocalamus Drepanostachyum Oligostachyum Pseudosasa Sasaella Sinobambusa Yushania

References[edit]

  1. ^ lectotype designated by McClure, Taxon 6(7): 207 (1957)
  2. ^ Tropicos, Pleioblastus Nakai
  3. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ The International Plant Names Index
  5. ^ Nakai, Takenoshin. 1925. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 6(3): 145-147 descriptions in Latin, commentary in English
  6. ^ Ohrnberger, D. (1999). The Bamboos of the World. Elsevier Science. p. 596. ISBN 978-0-444-50020-5. 
  7. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  8. ^ Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 121 苦竹属 ku zhu shu Pleioblastus Nakai, J. Arnold Arbor. 6: 145. 1925
  9. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Pleioblastus variegatus". Retrieved 28 May 2013. 
  10. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Pleioblastus viridistriatus". Retrieved 28 May 2013. 
  11. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  12. ^ Zhuge, Qiang; Yu-long Ding; Chen Xu; Hui-yu Zou; Min-ren Huang; Ming-xiu Wang (2005). "A preliminary analysis of phylogenetic relationships of Arundinaria and related genera based on nucleotide sequences of nrDNA (ITS region) and cpDNA (trnL-F intergenic spacer)". Journal of Forestry Research. Springer. 16 (1): 5–8. doi:10.1007/BF02856844. 
  13. ^ The Plant List search for Pleioblastus