Zagreb Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Pleso)
Jump to: navigation, search
Franjo Tuđman Airport
Međunarodna zračna luka Franjo Tuđman
Zagreb Airport New Terminal.jpg
Airport type Public/Military
Operator MZLZ d.d., Aéroports de Paris
Serves Zagreb, Croatia
Location Velika Gorica
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 353 ft / 108 m
Coordinates 45°44′35″N 016°04′08″E / 45.74306°N 16.06889°E / 45.74306; 16.06889Coordinates: 45°44′35″N 016°04′08″E / 45.74306°N 16.06889°E / 45.74306; 16.06889
LDZA is located in Croatia
Location in Croatia
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,252 10,669 Concrete/Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Number of Passengers 2,776,087 Increase 6,9%
Aircraft movements 40,796 Increase 2,4%

Franjo Tuđman Airport, also known as Zagreb Airport (IATA: ZAGICAO: LDZA), is the largest and busiest international airport in Croatia commonly referred to as Pleso Airport. It handled 2,776,087 passengers in 2016.

The airport is located some 10 km (6.2 mi) southeast of Zagreb Central Station[1] at Velika Gorica. It is the hub for the Croatian flag carrier Croatia Airlines and Trade Air. A base of the Croatian Air Force and Air Defence is located within the airport complex, in barracks called "Colonel Marko Živković". Also, there is an administrative center of the Croatian Air Traffic Control.

The airport has been given to ZAIC consortium (Zagreb Airport International Company) in a 30-year concession under the terms of contract signed by the Government of Croatia and mentioned consortium. The contract includes financing, designing and construction of a new passenger terminal. For the purpose of managing the airport, ZAIC registered a company MZLZ d.d. (Međunarodna zračna luka Zagreb d.d.) that is now the operator of the Airport.


  • 1909 – The first airfield in Zagreb was built in 1909 near the western city neighbourhood of Črnomerec.
  • 1928 – The Borongaj airfield began serving its first passenger traffic on 15 February.
  • 1947 – Commercial services were moved to a former airbase near the village of Lučko, southwest of the city. At its peak in 1959, Lučko served 167,000 passengers.
  • 1962 – New airport was opened at Pleso in the southeast from Lučko. It was first opened with a 2,500 m (8,200 ft) long runway and 1,000 m2 (11,000 sq ft) terminal. A new 5,000 m2 (54,000 sq ft) apron.
  • 1966 – Zagreb Airport has got modern 5,000 m2 (54,000 sq ft) passenger terminal.
  • 1974 – Apron and runway expansion. Runway was extended to its current 3,252 m (10,669 ft), and the terminal expanded to 12,000 m2 (130,000 sq ft).
  • 2004 – The airport installed a CAT-IIIb instrument landing system (ILS).
  • 2008 – VIP Terminal was added and extra amenities, restaurants and bars. Terminal expanded to 15,500 m2 (167,000 sq ft)[2]
  • 2010 – 3rd Floor Viewing platform and a bar were added, passenger terminal received major facelift.
  • 2013 – Construction of new 70,000 m2 (750,000 sq ft) passenger terminal officially started on 18 December 2013. Terminal with capacity of 5.5 million passengers in the first phase should be completed by end of 2016 and 250,000 m2 (2,700,000 sq ft) airport apron will also be added as part of the whole expansion project.[3] Also in December 2013, a new logo was launched.
  • 2015 – The airport had the most successful year ever with 2.58 million passengers passing through its gates.[4][5]
  • 2016 – The Croatian Government renamed Zagreb Airport after former president Franjo Tuđman.[6]


Terminal 1[edit]

Aerial view
Check-in area of the old Terminal
Apron view

The passenger terminal underwent major design upgrade, a new VIP terminal was added to the west of the current terminal in 2008, and a new unified facade (at the front of the terminal) was also added in 2009. The passenger terminal has a maximum capacity of around 2.5 million passengers per year with current traffic being around the 2.5 million mark. The main terminal building itself is rather small measuring only 200 m × 58 m (656 ft × 190 ft) or around 17,000 m2 (180,000 sq ft). The apron or airport ramp measures 950 m × 187 m (3,117 ft × 614 ft) and can accommodate around 15 medium and two wide body aircraft. The terminal is planned to transform in cargo terminal after the construction of the second terminal. It won't be used for passenger traffic after the opening of the new terminal. The old terminal is set to close its doors for passengers on 28 March 2017.

Construction of new terminal building[edit]

A new terminal is under construction. The initial plan, made by NACO in 1997, was for 47,000 m² of space, capacity for 11 jetways, and the capability of handling 3 million passengers annually, but the airport authority decided to scrap this plan in favor of a larger terminal. Another master plan was developed by Scott Associates in 2006 and the new terminal was expected to have 12 jetways and a capacity of 3.3 million passengers annually. It would have been approximately 65,600 m2 (706,000 sq ft) in area, nearly five times the size of the current terminal. This plan was also scrapped and a competition was held in hope of an even larger airport.

A competition for the final architectural and urban planning solution took place in August 2009, and the winner (Institut IGH) was declared at the beginning of October. This proposal, designed by Neidhardt architects of Zagreb, includes a retail component with stores, banks, cafes and restaurants. A new luxury hotel with direct underground links to the terminal is planned, directly in front of the new terminal. The new terminal will consist of glass walls and roof in a wavy facade. It will be built in three stages, the first stage being able to cater for over five million passengers. However this number will increase as phase two and three commence directly after. Initial construction is expected to cost €280 million. Air Force operations will move to the south end of the airport due to the construction. Meanwhile, the old terminal will have a major face lift and minor expansion expected to cost 6 million euros.

On 12 April 2012, consortium ZAIC (Aeroports de Paris) received a 30-year concession of the airport from the Government of Croatia. The contract includes financing, designing and construction of a new passenger terminal. The construction works, lasting three years, will be carried out by Bouygues Bâtiment International in partnership with Viadukt. ZAIC will operate the entire airport for 30 years, including the runways, the current passenger terminal during the entire construction period, the new terminal, the cargo terminal, car parks and future property developments. The concession contract involves a total investment of €324m (£259m): €236 million for the design and construction of the new terminal and €88 million for operation of all airport infrastructure for the entire period of the concession.[7]

The financial close of the concession took place on 6 December 2013. Ownership breakdown of the capital in the concession owner is as follows: Aéroports de Paris Management, 20.77%; Bouygues Bâtiment International, 20.77%; Marguerite Fund, 20.77%; IFC, 17.58%; TAV Airports, 15.0%; and Viadukt, 5.11%.[8]

Construction on the new terminal officially started on 18 December 2013 and should be completed by end of 2016.[3] According to revised architectural plans, the main terminal building will be 144x133 m with the roof having a slightly larger footprint of 155x165 m, with piers extending to some 320 m width with 8 passenger boarding bridges as part of phase 1. ~ phase 2A and 2B will add hundred seventy five meter (175 m) left hand extensions and eventually ~220m right pier extension will be added as part of phase 2C and 2D, adding 8 additional passenger boarding bridges for a total of 16. As part of a long term future expansion additional 70x135m section will be added to the terminal extending new terminal by additional 58000 sqm for total of 123 000sqm terminal. Construction of Phase 2a and 2b is planned to commence once terminal passes 5.5 million passenger capacity, which is expected around ~2022. Phase 2C and 2D will be added once terminal passes 8 million passengers per year. New passenger terminal, once all expansion phases are completed should provide ~123,000 square meters of enclosed space, 20+ passanger boarding bridges and capacity to handle up to 20 million passengers per year.

New terminal is set to open for traffic on 28 March 2017, with opening ceremony taking place week earlier, on 21 March 2017.[9]

The new terminal has been opened on 21 March 2017 at 7:45 pm by Croatia's Prime Minister Andrej Plenković.

Airlines and destinations[edit]


Airlines Destinations
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Europa Seasonal charter: Zaragoza
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Malta Seasonal charter: Malta
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Seasonal: Toronto–Pearson
Austrian Airlines Vienna
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Croatia Airlines Amsterdam, Brussels, Copenhagen, Dubrovnik, Frankfurt, London–Heathrow, Munich, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Pula, Rome–Fiumicino, Sarajevo, Skopje, Split, Vienna, Zadar, Zürich
Seasonal: Antalya, Athens, Barcelona, Bucharest (begins 19 May 2017),[10] Brač, Helsinki (begins 21 May 2017),[10] Lisbon, Milan–Malpensa, Oslo–Gardermoen (begins 21 May 2017),[10] Prague, Pristina, Saint Petersburg, Stockholm–Arlanda (begins 19 May 2017),[10] Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Czech Airlines Prague
Emirates Dubai–International (begins 1 June 2017)[11]
Eurowings Düsseldorf (begins 31 October 2017)[12]
operated by Air Berlin
Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf (begins 31 October 2017),[12] Stuttgart
operated by Germanwings
Berlin–Tegel, Cologne/Bonn, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Hamburg
Iberia Seasonal: Madrid
operated by Air Nostrum
Seasonal charter: Valencia, Malaga
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seasonal charter: Seoul–Incheon
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Frankfurt, Munich
Monarch Airlines London–Gatwick (begins 28 April 2017),[13] Manchester (begins 29 April 2017)[13]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Stockholm–Arlanda (begins 10 June 2017)
Seasonal: Copenhagen
Onur Air Seasonal charter: Antalya
Qatar Airways Doha
Qeshm Airlines Seasonal charter: Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Sun D'Or
operated by El Al
Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss Global Air Lines
Seasonal: Zürich
Trade Air
operated by AIS Airlines
Osijek, Rijeka
Tunisair Seasonal charter: Monastir
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona
Wings of Lebanon Seasonal charter: Beirut


Airlines Destinations
MNG Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
Solinair Bergamo, Ljubljana, Sarajevo, Venice
Trade Air Ljubljana, Sarajevo
UPS Airlines
operated by ASL Airlines Switzerland
Cologne/Bonn, Ljubljana



Traffic at Zagreb Airport[14]
Year Passengers Passenger %
Aircraft Landings Cargo (tonnes)
2000 1,149,830 n/a n/a 7,388
2001 1,185,471 3.1Increase n/a 7,791
2002 1,203,436 1.5Increase n/a 7,347
2003 1,314,652 9.2Increase n/a 8,608
2004 1,408,206 7.1Increase n/a 8,899
2005 1,551,519 10.2Increase 18,742 12,492
2006 1,728,414 11.4Increase 20,442 10,393
2007 1,992,455 15.2Increase 21,625 12,564
2008 2,192,453 10.0Increase 22,271 12,697
2009 2,062,242 5.9 Decrease 20,342 10,065
2010 2,071,561 0.5 Increase 19,906 8,156
2011 2,319,098 11.9Increase 21,180 8,012
2012 2,342,309 1.0Increase 19,527 8,133
2013 2,300,231 1.8Decrease 18,437 7,699
2014 2,430,971 5.6Increase 19,174 8,855
2015 2,587,798 6.4Increase 19,927 9,225
2016 2,776,087 6.9Increase 20,398 10,074
2017 (28.2.) 323,467 4.3Increase 2,680 1,596

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest routes at Zagreb Airport
City Airport(s) Weekly Departures
(Winter 2016/2017)
Flag of Germany.svg Munich Franz Josef Strauss Airport 28 Croatia Airlines, Lufthansa Regional
Flag of Austria.svg Vienna Schwechat Airport 28 Austrian Airlines, Croatia Airlines
Flag of Germany.svg Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport 27 Croatia Airlines, Lufthansa Regional
Flag of Croatia.svg Dubrovnik Dubrovnik Airport 22 Croatia Airlines
Flag of Croatia.svg Split Split Airport 22 Croatia Airlines
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London Heathrow Airport 16 British Airways, Croatia Airlines
Flag of Belgium.svg Brussels Brussels Airport 15 Brussels Airlines, Croatia Airlines
Flag of France.svg Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport 14 Air France, Croatia Airlines
Flag of Switzerland.svg Zürich Zürich Airport 14 Croatia Airlines, Swiss Global Air Lines
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Amsterdam Schiphol Airport 13 Croatia Airlines, KLM
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Sarajevo Sarajevo Airport 13 Croatia Airlines
Flag of Serbia.svg Belgrade Belgrade Airport 11 Air Serbia
Flag of Qatar.svg Doha Hamad International Airport 10 Qatar Airways
Flag of Turkey.svg Istanbul Atatürk Airport 10 Turkish Airlines
Flag of Italy.svg Rome Fiumicino Airport 7 Croatia Airlines (via Split)
Flag of Macedonia.svg Skopje Skopje Airport 6 Croatia Airlines
Source: Zagreb Airport[15]

Busiest airlines[edit]

Rank Carrier Passengers 2013  % Passenger %
Change 2012
1 Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia Airlines 1,427,209 62.1 Decrease6.26
2 Flag of Germany.svg Lufthansa 212,850 10.5 Increase6.22
3 Flag of Germany.svg Germanwings 104,740 4.5 Increase3.95
4 Flag of Austria.svg Austrian Airlines 105,121 5.4 Increase4.98
5 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Airways 82,377 3.5 Increase2.85
6 Flag of France.svg Air France 70,742 3.0 Increase6.40
7 Flag of Turkey.svg Turkish Airlines 63,781 2.7 Increase10.24
8 Flag of Qatar.svg Qatar Airways 49,830 2.1 Increase6.53
9 Flag of Russia.svg Aeroflot 36,445 1.5
10 Flag of Norway.svg Norwegian Air Shuttle 22,314 1.0
Source: Zagreb Airport[15]


External links[edit]

Media related to Zagreb Airport at Wikimedia Commons