Pleurodema diplolister, the Peters' four-eyed frog, is a species of frog in the Leptodactylidae family. It is endemic to Brazil. Its natural habitats are dry savanna, moist savanna, subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, subtropical or tropical dry lowland grassland, intermittent freshwater marshes, sandy shores, and pastureland. It is threatened by habitat loss. The common name "four-eyed frog" refers to two inguinal poison glands that resemble eyes. When threatened, the frog lowers its head and raises its rear. When the frog adopts this posture, the poison glands are also raised toward the predator. The predator may also confuse the frog's raised posterior for the head of a larger animal.
- Peixoto, O.L., Arzabe, C. & Andrade, G. 2004. Pleurodema diplolister. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 22 July 2007.
- Frost, Darrel R. (2013). "Pleurodema Tschudi, 1838". Amphibian Species of the World 5.6, an Online Reference. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
- "Species profile: four-eyed frog". Conservacion Patagonic. 2012-11-16. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
- Duellman, William E. (1994). Biology of Amphibians. Baltimore: JHU Press. p. 670. ISBN 9780801847806.
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