Pliezhausen brooch

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Pliezhausen brooch
Colour photograph of the Pliezhausen brooch
The Pliezhausen brooch
Reiterscheibe-Pliezhausen-Umzeichnung.jpg
MaterialGold
Discovered1928
Pliezhausen, Germany

The Pliezhausen brooch (also known as the Pliezhausen disc, Pliezhausen bracteate or Pliezhausen disc brooch) (German: Reiterscheibe von Pliezhausen) is a gold disc decorated with figures that was discovered in 1928 during excavations in Pliezhausen, in the county of Reutlingen in Germany, in the grave of a wealthy Alemannic woman dating to the early 7th century and which was the front of a disc fibula. It is one of the few artifacts of the Early Middle Ages which portrays the figures of people.

Discovery[edit]

During construction work in the vicinity of the street known as Pliezhauser Alamannenstraße, graves from an Alemannian grave field kept coming to light. In 1928, during the excavation of what became designated as Grave 1, that of a wealthy woman, the Pliezhausen equestrian brooch was discovered as part of the grave goods. The disc, made from a thin gold plate, was the ornamental cover for a disc fibula with a bronze pin as the fastener. Other grave goods included a bronze ring, fragments of bronze wire and 13 pearls.

The Pliezhausen brooch is displayed in the Württemberg State Museum in the Alter Schloss in Stuttgart.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Haseloff, Günther (1979). Kunststile des Frühen Mittelalters: Völkerwanderungs- und Merowingerzeit. Stuttgart: Württembergisches Landesmuseum. ‹See Tfd›(in German)
  • Kurt Böhner: Die Goldscheibe von Pliezhausen. In: Gemeinde Pliezhausen (Hrsg): 900 Jahre Pliezhausen 1092-1992 - Heimat zwischen Neckar und Schönbuch. Gemeinde Pliezhausen, 1992.
  • Böhner, Kurt & Quast, Dieter (1994). "Die merowingerzeitlichen Grabfunde von Pliezhausen, Kreis Reutlingen". Fundberichte aus Baden-Württemberg. Stuttgart: Landesdenkmalamt Baden-Württemberg. 19 (1): 383–419.

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