Plogoff

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Plogoff
Plougoñ
Commune
A storm at Pors Loubous
A storm at Pors Loubous
Coat of arms of Plogoff
Coat of arms
Plogoff is located in France
Plogoff
Plogoff
Coordinates: 48°02′15″N 4°39′53″W / 48.0375°N 4.6647°W / 48.0375; -4.6647Coordinates: 48°02′15″N 4°39′53″W / 48.0375°N 4.6647°W / 48.0375; -4.6647
Country France
Region Brittany
Department Finistère
Arrondissement Quimper
Canton Douarnenez
Intercommunality Cap-Sizun
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Maurice Lemaître
Area1 11.73 km2 (4.53 sq mi)
Population (2013)2 1,291
 • Density 110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 29168 /29770
Elevation 0–80 m (0–262 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Plogoff (in Breton Plougoñ) is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in north-western France.

It contains three small ports suitable for small vessels: Pors-Loubous, Feunten-Aod and Bestrée. Local industries include tourism, traditional biscuits, agriculture and fishing.

Population[edit]

Inhabitants of Plogoff are called in French Plogoffistes.

Toponym[edit]

As for other cities like Guiscriff, Plélauff or the surnames Le Hénaff, Heussaff or Gourcuff, the digraph -ff was introduced by Middle Ages' authors to indicate a nasalizetion vowel.

Nuclear plant project[edit]

In the early 1970s, the French state power company, EDF, decided to establish a nuclear power plant in Brittany. The first proposed site was in Erdeven, Morbihan, but objections arose. EDF then proposed Ploumoguer, Finistère, just north of Brest. Councilmen around Brest redirected their attention to Plogoff. Local residents then blocked access to the site in 1976, while protests resumed in 1978 and 1979.

In 1980, the national government and EDF attempted to fulfil their statutory obligations to display the required inquiry documents in the local mairie or city hall. Local officials burned the documents and refused to allow replacements to be displayed. In response, the national government set up mobile mairies annexes to display the documents in town centres. These mairies annexes became the focus of the protest movement.

For 45 days, the riot police (CRS), the military police (gendarmerie) and some parachutists (EPIGN) guarded the mairies annexes while coming under attack from the protesters.

Once the obligation to display the documents had been met, the protesters occupied the proposed site.

In 1981 François Mitterrand was elected President of France. Mitterrand carried out his campaign promise to cancel the project.

A documentary Plogoff, des pierres contre des fusils (Plogoff, stones against rifles) relating the struggle against the French security forces was later produced by Nicole and Félix Le Garrec.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]