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A plumbide can refer to one of two things: an intermetallic compound that contains lead, or a Zintl phase compound with lead as the anion.

Zintl phase[edit]

[Pb9]4− from [K(18-crown-6)]2K2Pb9·(en)1.5

Plumbides can be formed when lead forms a Zintl phase compound with a more metallic element. One salt that can be formed this way is when cryptand reacts with sodium and lead in ethylenediamine to produce [Na(crypt)]2+[Pb5]2−, which is red in solution.[1] Lead can also create anions with tin, in a series of anions with the formula [Sn9−xPbx]4−.

Lead can also form the [Pb9]4− anion, which is emerald green in solution.[2]


An example of a plumbide is CeRhPb. The lead atom has a coordination number of 12 in the crystal structure of this compound. It is bound to four rhodiums, six ceriums, and two other lead atoms in the crystal structure of the chemical.[3]

Several other plumbides are the M2Pd2Pb plumbides, where M is a rare earth element, and the intermetallic additionally contains a palladium. These plumbides tend to exhibit antiferromagnetism, and all of them are conductors.[4]

A third plumbide is Ti6Pb4.8. Like the above plumbides, it is an intermetallic, but it only contains titanium as the other metal, and not any rare earths.[5]

Plumbides can also be Zintl phase compounds, such as [K(18-crown-6)]2K2Pb9·(en)1.5. This is not a simple Zintl compound, but rather contains the organic molecules 18-crown-6 and ethylenediamine (en) in order to stabilize the crystal structure.[6]


  1. ^ P. A. Edwards, J. D. Corbett (1977). "Stable homopolyatomic anions. Synthesis and crystal structures of salts containing the pentaplumbide(2-) and pentastannide(2-) anions". Inorg. Chem. 16 (4): 903–907. doi:10.1021/ic50170a036. 
  2. ^ Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann. pp. 391–396. ISBN 0-08-037941-9. 
  3. ^ Gulay, L.D.; D. Kaczorowskia; A. Szajekc; A. Pietraszkoa (August 2008). "Crystal and electronic structure and magnetic properties of CeRhPb". Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids. Elsevier. 69 (8): 1934–1939. Bibcode:2008JPCS...69.1934G. doi:10.1016/j.jpcs.2008.01.020. 
  4. ^ Kaczorowski, D.; L.D. Gulay (13 September 2007). "Magnetic and electrical properties of RE2Pd2Pb (RE = Y, La–Sm, Gd–Tm) compounds". Journal of Alloys and Compounds. Elsevier. 442 (1–2): 169–171. doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2006.08.351. 
  5. ^ Kleinke, Holger (June 2001). "Extraordinarily Short Pb–Pb Bonds in the New Binary Intermetallic Ti6Pb4.8". Journal of Solid State Chemistry. Academic Press. 159 (1): 134–138. Bibcode:2001JSSCh.159..134K. doi:10.1006/jssc.2001.9141. 
  6. ^ Yong, Li; Stephan D. Hoffmann; Thomas F. Fässler (1 December 2006). "A low-dimensional arrangement of [Pb9]4− clusters in [K(18-crown-6)]2K2Pb9·(en)1.5". Inorganica Chimica Acta. Elsevier. 359 (15): 4774–4778. doi:10.1016/j.ica.2006.04.017.