Pluridens

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Pluridens
Temporal range: Late Cretaceous
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Sauropsida
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Scleroglossa
Family: Mosasauridae
Subfamily: Halisaurinae
Genus: Pluridens
Species
  • P. calabaria Longrich, 2016
  • P. walkeri Lingham-Soliar, 1998 (type)

Pluridens is a genus of halisaurine mosasaur that lived in shallows seas in West Africa during the late Campanian-Maastrichtian.

Taxonomy[edit]

Two species of Pluridens are known, P. walkeri and P. calabaria.[1][2] P. walkeri is known from the Maastrichtian of southwest Niger, whereas P. calabaria is found in slightly older (late Campanian) deposits in Nigeria.

Pluridens was synonymized with Halisaurus by Lindgren and Siverson (2005),[3] but subsequent studies rejected the synonymy.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ T. Lingham-Soliar. 1998. A new mosasaur Pluridens walkeri from the Upper Cretaceous, Maastrichtian of the Iullemmeden Basin, southwest Niger. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 18(4):709-707.
  2. ^ Nicholas R. Longrich (2016). "A new species of Pluridens (Mosasauridae: Halisaurinae) from the upper Campanian of Southern Nigeria". Cretaceous Research. in press. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2016.03.013.
  3. ^ Lindgren J, Siverson M. 2005. Halisaurus sternbergii, a small mosasaur with an intercontinental distribution. Journal of Paleontology 79 (4): 763–773.
  4. ^ Konishi, Takuya; Caldwell, Michael W.; Nishimura, Tomohiro; Sakurai, Kazuhiko; Tanoue, Kyo (2015). "A new halisaurine mosasaur (Squamata: Halisaurinae) from Japan: the first record in the western Pacific realm and the first documented insights into binocular vision in mosasaurs". Journal of Systematic Palaeontology: 1–31. doi:10.1080/14772019.2015.1113447.
  5. ^ Michael J. Polcyn, Johan Lindgren, Nathalie Bardet, Dirk Cornelissen, Louis Verding, and Anne S. Schulp (2012) Description of new specimens of Halisaurus arambourgi Bardet & Pereda Suberbiola, 2005 and the relationships of Halisaurinae. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France 183:123-136 doi:10.2113/gssgfbull.183.2.123 http://bsgf.geoscienceworld.org/content/183/2/123.abstract