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|Type||Tactical ballistic nuclear missile|
|Place of origin||France|
|In service||1974 (terminated in 1993)|
|Warhead||- Nuclear 15 kt of TNT |
- Nuclear 25 kt of TNT
- Conventional High-Explosive
|TEL platform on an AMX-30 chassis|
The Pluton missile was a French nuclear-armed Tactical ballistic missile (SRBM) system launched from a transporter erector launcher (TEL) platform mounted on an AMX 30 tank chassis. It was designed to provide the tactical part of French nuclear deterrence during the Cold War.
The Pluton came in replacement of the U.S.-built Honest John missile. It had an operating range between 17 and 120 km (11 and 75 mi), with a CEP of 150 m. This short range only allowed strikes on targets in West Germany or within France itself, which led to the development of the longer ranged Hadès missile.
The system was relatively light-weight, which allowed its deployment in difficult conditions. A CT-20 drone was available to provide last-minute information about the target before launch, making the Pluton system battle-capable.
There were five Pluton regiments in the North of France, each having six launchers:
- 3rd Artillery Regiment in Mailly
- 4th Artillery Regiment in Laon
- 15th Artillery Regiment in Suippes
- 32nd Artillery Regiment in Oberhoffen
- 74th Artillery Regiment in Belfort
- The American MGM-52 Lance missile.
- Tanks and armored fighting vehicles : visual encyclopedia. New York, N.Y.: Chartwell Books. 2012. p. 366. ISBN 9780785829263. OCLC 785874088.
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