Plymouth Company

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Virginia Company of Plymouth
Plymouth Company
IndustryMaritime transport, trade
Founded(10 April 1606; 417 years ago (1606-04-10)) at Westminster, England
FounderJames I
Defunct24 May 1624 (1624-05-24)
FateDissolved following transformation of areas into crown colony
Area served
New England
ProductsCash crops, timber

The Plymouth Company, officially known as the Virginia Company of Plymouth, was a company chartered by King James in 1606 along with the Virginia Company of London with responsibility for colonizing the east coast of America between latitudes 38° and 45° N.[1]


The merchants (with George Popham named in the patent[2]) agreed to finance the settlers’ trip in return for repayment of their expenses plus interest out of the profits made.[3] The Plymouth Company established the one-year Popham Colony in present-day Maine in 1607, the northern answer to Jamestown Colony. The Popham Colony was abandoned in 1608. In 1620, after years of disuse, the Plymouth Company was revived and reorganized as the Plymouth Council for New England with a new charter, the New England Charter of 1620.[4] The Plymouth Company had 40 patentees at that point, and established the Council for New England to oversee their efforts, but it stopped operating in 1624.

The Council for New England was not dissolved until 1635 and issued several patents after 1624, including one to John Mason for New Hampshire and to New Plymouth Colony with the Bradford patent of 1630.


  1. ^ John Patterson Davis (1905), Corporations: A Study of the Origin and Development of Great Business Combinations and of Their Relation to the Authority of the State, NY: G. P. Putnam's Sons, OCLC 82100178, OL 23545424M
  2. ^ "Popham, George". Retrieved 2 August 2022.
  3. ^ "First Charter of the Virginia Company of London,1606".
  4. ^ "New England Charter of 1620".