Plymouth Naval Memorial
|Plymouth Naval Memorial|
|Commonwealth War Graves Commission|
Plymouth Naval Memorial from the seaward side
|For members of the Royal Navy who died during the First and Second World War and have no known grave|
|Unveiled||29 July 1924|
|Designed by||Robert Lorimer|
|Statistics source: Cemetery details. Commonwealth War Graves Commission.|
After World War I, the Royal Navy wanted to find a way to commemorate sailors who had died at sea and had no known grave. An Admiralty committee recommended building memorials at the three main naval ports in Great Britain – Plymouth, Chatham, and Portsmouth. The memorials at all three sites were designed by Sir Robert Lorimer with sculpture by Henry Poole.
Following World War II, the naval memorials were expanded to commemorate the dead from that war. Sir Edward Maufe performed the architectural design for the expansion at Plymouth, and the sculpture was by Charles Wheeler and William McMillan.
The Plymouth memorial also bears the names of sailors from Australia, South Africa, and India. The Plymouth Naval Memorial commemorates 7,251 sailors of the World War I and 15,933 of the World War II.
Other memorials in Halifax and Victoria in Canada, Auckland, New Zealand, Mumbai, India, Chittagong, Bangladesh, and Hong Kong commemorate sailors who came from those parts of the Commonwealth. The Newfoundland Memorial at Beaumont Hamel in France bears the names of 229 Newfoundland sailors lost at sea during World War I.
The memorial is maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. It became a Grade II listed building in 1975, upgraded to Grade II* in 1998, and was further upgraded to Grade I in May 2016 for the centenary of the Battle of Jutland.
The memorial features a central obelisk, with names of the dead arranged according to the year of death. Those for the First World War are on panels affixed to the obelisk's base; those for the Second World War are on panels set into the surrounding wall. Within each year, the names are grouped by service, then by rank and surname.
Sailors commemorated at Plymouth
World War I:
- Lieutenant Cecil Halliday Abercrombie and Lieutenant-Commander John Skinner Wilson, Scots rugby internationals.
- Sergeant, Royal Marines Light Infantry, John Costello, English soccer player.
World War II:
- Master-at-Arms W. G. E. Luddington, Royal Navy rugby representative player.
- Admiral Sir Tom Phillips.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Naval War Memorial, Plymouth.|
- "PLYMOUTH NAVAL MEMORIAL". Commonwealth War Graves Commission . Retrieved 5 May 2010.
- "THE PORTSMOUTH NAVAL MEMORIAL". Memorials and Monuments in Portsmouth. Archived from the original on 15 May 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "Plymouth Naval Memorial". Stephen's Study Room. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
-  CWGC Casualty Record, Cecil Halliday Abercrombie.
-  CWGC Casualty Record, John Skinner Wilson.
- "CWGC – Casualty Details". www.cwgc.org. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
-  CWGC Casualty Record, W. G. E. Luddington.
- "Casualty Details: Phillips, Sir Tom Spencer Vaughan". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 5 May 2010.