Poás Volcano National Park

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Poás Volcano National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Poas crater.jpg
Map showing the location of Poás Volcano National Park
Map showing the location of Poás Volcano National Park
LocationAlajuela Province, Costa Rica
Coordinates10°11′53″N 84°13′52″W / 10.198°N 84.231°W / 10.198; -84.231Coordinates: 10°11′53″N 84°13′52″W / 10.198°N 84.231°W / 10.198; -84.231[1]
Area65 square kilometres (25 sq mi)
Established25 January 1971
Governing bodyNational System of Conservation Areas (SINAC)

Poás Volcano National Park, in Spanish Parque Nacional Volcán Poás, is a National Park in Costa Rica that covers an area of approximately 65 square kilometres (16,000 acres); the summit is 2,700 metres (8,900 ft). It was established on 25 January 1971. Until recently visitors could usually walk all the way to the edge of the main crater, but on 13 April 2017 the park was closed to visitors due to an explosive eruption on the evening of 12 April.[2] Still further eruptions, including Easter, 16 April, have closed the park until further notice.[3][needs update]

The volcano is located in the Central Volcanic Conservation Area located in the Alajuela Province near the Pacific coast of Costa Rica, which encompasses the area around the Poás Volcano. The main crater is 290 metres (950 ft) deep and is quite active with frequent small geyser and lava eruptions, however the last major eruptions were during 1952-54. Two more craters make up parts of the park, the extinct Von Frantzuis crater and the Botos crater. Botos is a beautiful cold, green water crater lake with a diameter of 370 metres (1,200 ft). The Botos crater has not erupted for about 7,500 years. Well-marked trails lead to the two inactive craters, conditions permitting.

The park has been frequently closed to visitors because of sulphuric gas emissions.[citation needed] Over the last decade there were a number of indications that the volcano was slowly building up towards a new eruption.[citation needed]

Flora and fauna[edit]

The park maintains a variety of wild plant and animal species, such as the Poas magnolia bird species, including the clay-colored robin, black guan, resplendent quetzal and varieties of hummingbirds, tanagers, flycatchers and toucans. Mammals within the park include coyotes, rabbits, and marmots.[4]

Lake Botos is an inactive crater also located within the Poás Volcano National Park.
Fumarole activity at the Poás crater.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Volcán Poás - Protected Planet". Protectedplanet.net. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  2. ^ "New Eruption at Poas Volcano in Costa Rica Forces Evacuation of Residents as Preventive Measure - Costa Rica Star News". News.co.cr. 12 April 2017. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  3. ^ "Poas Volcano National Park in Costa Rica will Remain Closed due to Continuous Eruptions - Costa Rica Star News". News.co.cr. 16 April 2017. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  4. ^ "Poas Volcano National Park, Costa Rica - profile and photos". Anywherecostarica.com. Retrieved 8 July 2017.

External links[edit]