Po Saktiraydapatih

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Po Saktiraydapatih
Ruler of Champa
King of Champa
Reign1695–1728
PredecessorPo Saut
SuccessorPo Ganuhpatih
Born?
Champa
Died1728
Băl Canar, Panduranga, Champa
(in present-day Phan Rí Cửa, Tuy Phong District, Bình Thuận Province, Vietnam)
Full name
Po Saktiraydapatih
Regnal name
Thuận Thành trấn vương (順城鎮王)
FatherPo Rome

Po Saktiraydapatih (?–1728), also spelled Po Saktiray Depatih, Po Saktiray Da Patih or Po Saktiraydaputih, was the king of Champa who ruled from 1695 to 1728. In Vietnamese records, he was mentioned as Kế Bà Tử (繼婆子).

Po Saktiraydapatih was a younger brother of Po Saut.[1] In 1692, Po Saut revolted against Vietnamese Nguyễn lord and was captured. Champa was annexed by Vietnam and became Vietnamese Bình Thuận phủ (平順府, present-day Bình Thuận and Ninh Thuận); Po Saktiraydapatih was appointed the governor of Bình Thuận with the title khám lý (勘理).[2]

Chams were ordered to wear Vietnamese-style clothes and forced to adopt Vietnamese customs. In 1693, a Cham aristocrat, Oknha Dat (Ốc nha Thát, 屋牙撻), revolted against Nguyễn lord. He obtained the help of a Chinese immigrant, A Ban (阿班).[3]

Though the rebellion was put down, Nguyễn Phúc Chu decided to restore Champa Kingdom because there was an outbreak of plague in Panduranga. In 1694, Po Saktiraydapatih was crowned Champa king by Nguyễn lord with the title Thuận Thành trấn vương (順城鎮王, "king of Thuận Thành trấn"),[3] though he had no authority over Vietnamese living in the area. The king's palace was situated at Băl Canar, not far from Phan Rí.[2] The king had a company of Vietnamese soldiers, 30 men in total, for his personal protection.[3]

In 1712, Po Saktiraydapatih obtained "five-point treaty" (Ngũ điều Nghị định) with Vietnamese.[4] The treaty, at least in theory, remained in effect until the abolition of Cham "aboriginal kingship" in 1832.[5]

Po Saktiraydapatih developed a close relationship with Nguyễn lord until his death in 1728.[5] After his death, an anti-Vietnamese rebellion occurred, but was swiftly defeated.[6] However, members of his family were allowed to succeed him for several generations.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Biên Niên Sử Champa (Sakkarai Dak Rai Patao)
  2. ^ a b Vietnam-Champa Relations and the Malay-Islam Regional Network in the 17th–19th Centuries
  3. ^ a b c 大南寔錄前編 • Đại Nam thực lục tiền biên ( q.07-09), page 5–10
  4. ^ 大南寔錄前編 • Đại Nam thực lục tiền biên ( q.07-09), page 41
  5. ^ a b c K. W. Taylor (2013). A History of Vietnamese. Cambridge University Press. p. 321–322. ISBN 978-0-521-87586-8.
  6. ^ Danny Wong Tze Ken (2012). "Champaka Monograph 5: The Nguyen and Champa during 17th and 18th Century - A Study of Nguyen Foreign Relations" (PDF): 124. Retrieved 23 August 2016. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
Preceded by
Po Saut 1659–1692
Champa rulers
1695–1728
Succeeded by
Po Ganuhpatih 1728–1730