Pobedim

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pobedim
Village
Kostol sv.Michala Archanjela - Pobedim.jpg
Saint Michael's church, Pobedim
Country Slovakia
Region Trenčín
District Nové Mesto nad Váhom
Elevation 169 m (554 ft)
Coordinates 48°39′N 17°48′E / 48.650°N 17.800°E / 48.650; 17.800Coordinates: 48°39′N 17°48′E / 48.650°N 17.800°E / 48.650; 17.800
Area 8.609 km2 (3.324 sq mi)
Population 1,218 (2004-12-31)
Density 141/km2 (365/sq mi)
First mentioned 1355
Postal code 916 23
Area code +421-32
Car plate NM
Location of Pobedim in Slovakia
Location of Pobedim in Slovakia
Statistics: MOŠ/MIS
Website: at e-obce.sk

Pobedim (Hungarian: Pobedény) is a village and municipality in Nové Mesto nad Váhom District in the Trenčín Region of western Slovakia. A Slavic hill fort from the pre-Great Moravian period has been uncovered in the locality Hradištia. The hill fort belongs to Early Medieval sites with the highest number of artifacts found in Slovakia.[1]

Geography[edit]

The municipality lies at an altitude of 169 metres and covers an area of 8.609 km². It has a population of about 1,218 people.

History[edit]

The village was first mentioned in 1392, but the area was occasionally inhabited from the Late Stone Age. The settlement is documented also from the Early Bronze Age and especially in the Late Bronze Age. The people of Lusatian culture built their settlement in the local swamps and left numerous artifacts (cultic artifacts, metallurgical tools, fragments of bronze, ceramics, etc). The area was then settled by the Celts. In the Roman period, it was more or less uninhabited and only one finding is known from the Migration period.[2]

The locality had been intensively colonized by the Slavs at the end of the 5th and in the 6th century (localities Horné Pole and Dolné Pole).[3] The Slavic hill fort was built at the end of the 8th century and was destroyed for the first time at the end of the first third the 9th century.[2] The destruction of the hill fort is usually associated with the unification of the Principality of Nitra and the Principality of Moravia (the attack of Mojmír's army or Pribina's attack preceding his expulsion, depending on principality to which is Pobedim attributed; neither destruction during other internal conflict related to integration processes of the Slavs cannot be excluded). Radiocarbon dating indces that construction activities were realized also in the turnover of the 9th/10th century.

The hill fort consists of two parts, probably not built at once. The whole hill fort was protected by 3 meters high wall with a palisade on top and external ditch. An archeological research uncovered 114 graves from the Early Middle Ages, residential buildings, outbuildings, workshops and in particular, one of the largest collection of ceramics from the 9th century in Slovakia. Twenty large metal depots contained hundreds of old Slavic hrivnas (semifinished iron products), tools, stirrups, keys and further artifacts. Weapons except axes are nearly missing what led to a hypothesis that the depots were hidden before an external attack and weapons were left for defense.[4]

Nowadays, the area of the hill fort is a part of an agricultural field. The findings can be seen in the local museum in Pobedim.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turčan 2012, p. 84.
  2. ^ a b Turčan 2012, p. 86.
  3. ^ Turčan 2012, p. 89.
  4. ^ Turčan 2012, p. 88.

Sources[edit]

  • Turčan, Vladimír (2012). Veľkomoravské hradiská [The Great Moravian Castles] (in Slovak). Bratislava: Dajama. ISBN 978-80-8136-013-8. 

External links[edit]