Poddorsky District

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Poddorsky District
Поддорский район (Russian)
Location of Poddorsky District (Novgorod Oblast).svg
Location of Poddorsky District in Novgorod Oblast
Coordinates: 57°28′N 31°07′E / 57.467°N 31.117°E / 57.467; 31.117Coordinates: 57°28′N 31°07′E / 57.467°N 31.117°E / 57.467; 31.117
Flag of Poddorsky rayon (Novgorod oblast).png
Flag of Poddorsky District
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Novgorod Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of April 2012)
Administrative center selo of Poddorye[1]
Administrative divisions:[2]
settlement 3
Inhabited localities:[2]
Rural localities 155
Municipal structure (as of March 2009)
Municipally incorporated as Poddorsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[3]
Urban settlements 0
Rural settlements 3
Statistics
Area 2,952 km2 (1,140 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 4,645 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 0%
- Rural 100%
Density 1.57/km2 (4.1/sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Established October 1, 1927[8]
Official website
Poddorsky District on WikiCommons

Poddorsky District (Russian: По́ддорский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Novgorod Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the oblast and borders with Volotovsky District in the north, Starorussky District in the northeast, Maryovsky District in the east, Kholmsky District in the south, Bezhanitsky District of Pskov Oblast in the southwest, and with Dedovichsky District of Pskov Oblast in the northwest. The area of the district is 2,952 square kilometers (1,140 sq mi).[4] Its administrative center is the rural locality (a selo) of Poddorye.[1] District's population: 4,645 (2010 Census);[5] 5,610 (2002 Census);[9] 6,820 (1989 Census).[10] The population of Poddorye accounts for 40.0% of the district's total population.[5]

Geography[edit]

All rivers in the district drain into the Lovat River, and the vast majority of them flow in the northeastern direction, towards Lake Ilmen. The Lovat crosses the southeastern part of the district. The biggest river in the northern part of the district is the Polist, a left tributary of the Lovat which shares with it a river delta. A major right tributary of the Polist within the district is the Porusya River. Another major tributary of the Lovat is the Redya, which flows through Poddorye. The southwestern part of the district is occupied by the Polist-Lovat Swamp System. The raised bog landscapes are protected by the Rdeysky Nature Reserve, which Poddorsky District shares with Kholmsky District.

History[edit]

The area of the district in the 15th century was a part of Shelonskaya Pyatina of the Novgorod lands. Some of the villages, including the village of Peregino, have been known since the 15th century. The selo of Poddorye was first mentioned in 1809.[4] In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off. Pereginskaya and Poddorskaya Volosts were a part of Starorussky Uyezd of Novgorod Viceroyalty (since 1796 of Novgorod Governorate). In 1824, Poddorskaya Volost was transformed into a military settlement and subordinated to the Defense Ministry. Later in the 19th century, it was transferred back to Starorussky Uyezd.

In August 1927, the governorates and uyezds were abolished. Poddorsky District, with the administrative center in the selo of Poddorye,[11] was established within Novgorod Okrug of Leningrad Oblast effective October 1, 1927.[8] It included parts of former Starorussky Uyezd.[11] On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast.[12] On September 20, 1931, Belebyolkovsky District was abolished and merged into Poddorsky District.[13] On March 11, 1941, Belebyolkovsky District was re-established; its new territory included a part of Poddorsky District.[13] In August 1941, Poddorsky District was occupied by German troops.[11] Most of the district was liberated in February 1942, and the remaining part was liberated in February 1944.[11] On July 5, 1944, Poddorsky District was transferred to newly established Novgorod Oblast.[11] On March 31, 1945, the administrative center of the district was transferred to the selo of Peregino, but on December 19, 1949 it was transferred back to Poddorye.[14] On July 22, 1961, Belebyolkovsky District was again abolished and merged into Poddorsky District;[15] this time for good. On February 1, 1963, the district was abolished in the course of the Nikita Khrushchev's abortive administrative reform and merged into Kholmsky Rural District.[14] On November 3, 1965, Poddorsky District was re-established.[14]

Abolished districts[edit]

Effective October 1, 1927,[8] Belebyolkovsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Belebyolka was also established as a part of Novgorod Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.[13] On September 20, 1931, Belebyolkovsky District was abolished and merged into Poddorsky District.[13] On March 11, 1941, the district was re-established; its new territory included parts of Poddorsky and Dedovichsky Districts.[13] Between August 1941 and February 1944, the district was occupied by German troops.[13] On July 5, 1944, Belebyolkovsky District was transferred to newly established Novgorod Oblast.[13] On July 22, 1961, Belebyolkovsky District was abolished and merged into Poddorsky District.[15]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The biggest industrial enterprise in the district is the butter production factory in Poddorye. In 2011, it accounted for about 80% of all industrial output in the district. In addition, there are enterprises of timber industry and food industry.[16]

Agriculture[edit]

Four large-scale farms and eighteen mid-scale farms operate in the district. They specialize in meat and milk production, crops growing, and potato growing.[16]

Transportation[edit]

A road connecting Staraya Russa with Kholm crosses the district from north to south, passing through Poddorye. There are also local roads.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The district contains one cultural heritage monument of federal significance and additionally seventy-one objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[17] The federal monument is the archaeological site Kurskoye.

Poddorye hosts the Poddorsky District Museum, which was founded in 1987 and displays collections of local interest. The museum is administered by the district administration.[18]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Law #559-OZ
  2. ^ Resolution #121
  3. ^ a b c Law #352-OZ
  4. ^ a b c Официальный сайт Администрации Поддорского муниципального района (in Russian). Администрация Поддорского муниципального района. Retrieved June 18, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ a b c Snytko et al., p. 85
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c d e Snytko et al., pp. 129–130
  12. ^ Snytko et al., pp. 87–88
  13. ^ a b c d e f g Snytko et al., pp. 95–96
  14. ^ a b c Snytko et al., pp. 221–223
  15. ^ a b Snytko et al., p. 157
  16. ^ a b Информация о социально-экономическом развитии Поддорского муниципального района за 2011 год (in Russian). Администрация Поддорского муниципального района. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 
  17. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved March 9, 2011. 
  18. ^ Поддорский музей (in Russian). MyCorp. Retrieved March 9, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной закон №559-ОЗ от 11 ноября 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области», в ред. Областного закона №730-ОЗ от 26 февраля 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Областной закон "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области"». Вступил в силу 1 января 2006 г. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №75, 23 ноября 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #559-OZ of November 11, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #730-OZ of February 26, 2015 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast". Effective as of January 1, 2006.).
  • Администрация Новгородской области. Постановление №121 от 8 апреля 2008 г. «Об реестре административно-территориального устройства области», в ред. Постановления №408 от 4 августа 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в реестр административно-территориального устройства области». Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №49–50, 16 апреля 2008 г. (Administration of Novgorod Oblast. Resolution #121 of April 8, 2008 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #408 of August 4, 2014 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast. ).
  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной закон №352-ОЗ от 2 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Поддорского муниципального района, наделении их статусом сельских поселений, определении административных центров и перечня населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений», в ред. Областного закона №489-ОЗ от 31 марта 2009 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые областные законы в части включения перечня населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений». Вступил в силу со дня, следующего за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №79, 8 декабря 2004 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #352-OZ of December 2, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Poddorsky Municipal District, on Granting Them the Status of Rural Settlements, on Establishing Their Administrative Centers, and on Compiling the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Settlement Territories, as amended by the Oblast Law #489-OZ of March 31, 2009 On Amending Parts of Various Oblast Laws Dealing with the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Settlement Territories. Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication.).
  • Снытко, О. В. et al. (2009). С. Д. Трифонов, Т. Б. Чуйкова, Л. В. Федина, А. Э. Дубоносова, ed. Административно-территориальное деление Новгородской губернии и области 1727-1995 гг. Справочник (PDF) (in Russian). Saint Petersburg. Retrieved June 18, 2012.