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Coordinates: 55°25′52″N 37°32′44″E / 55.43111°N 37.54556°E / 55.43111; 37.54556
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Center of Podolsk
Center of Podolsk
Flag of Podolsk
Coat of arms of Podolsk
Location of Podolsk
Podolsk is located in Russia
Location of Podolsk
Podolsk is located in Moscow Oblast
Podolsk (Moscow Oblast)
Coordinates: 55°25′52″N 37°32′44″E / 55.43111°N 37.54556°E / 55.43111; 37.54556
Federal subjectMoscow Oblast[1]
Founded1627Edit this on Wikidata
City status since1781
 • HeadDmitry Zharikov
 • Total40.39 km2 (15.59 sq mi)
160 m (520 ft)
 • Total187,961
 • Rank97th in 2010
 • Density4,700/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
 • Capital ofPodolsk City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
 • Urban okrugPodolsk Urban Okrug[2]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[4])
Postal code(s)[5]
Dialing code(s)+7 4967
OKTMO ID46760000001

Podolsk (Russian: Подольск, IPA: [pɐˈdolʲsk]) is an industrial city, center of Podolsk Urban Okrug, Moscow Oblast, Russia, located on the Pakhra River (a tributary of the Moskva River).


The first mentions of the village of Podol, which belonged to the votchina of the Danilov Monastery, are contained in the church letopis of 1627-1628. On October 5, 1781, by the personal decree of Catherine II, the Podolsky Uyezd was formed, and the village of Podol was renamed the city of Podolsk.

Podolsk land is directly connected with the events of the Patriotic War of 1812. After the Battle of Borodino, the troops under the leadership of Mikhail Kutuzov, passing through Podolsk, took up defensive positions near the village of Krasnaya Pakhra, Podolsk district, then approached Tarutino, setting up a camp here. The famous Tarutino maneuver determined the entire further victorious course of the war with the Napoleonic army.

After the Patriotic War of 1812, Podolsk and Podolsk uyezd restored and expanded their economic functions, primarily trade. This, in particular, was facilitated by the construction in 1844-1847 of the Warsaw (Brest-Litovsk) highway, as well as the construction of a bridge across the Pakhra river. In the 1840s, 13 manufactories worked in the uyezd. Among the cities near Moscow, Podolsk in the second half of the 19th century stood out with the highest population growth rate. In 1900, the American company "Singer" founded in Podolsk a mechanical plant for the assembly of sewing machines and the production of parts for them and had become one of the city-forming enterprises of Podolsk, causing city's economic growth at the beginning of the 20th century. In 1917 the stone buildings of a realschule, a cinema, a power plant, and a water supply were built, and the number of citizens reached 19 thousand.[6]

In the 1930s, American communist writer Myra Page described Podolsk in her pamphlet Soviet Main Street.[7]

In 1971, Podolsk was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor. In the Soviet times, Podolsk was one of the industrial giants in Moscow Oblast. At that time, more than seventy factories were operating in the city. Most of the citizens were working at these plants. [citation needed]

In January 2024, almost half of the population was left without heat after a heating main burst at a nearby ammunition plant.[8]

Podolsk is the site of the Central Archives of the Russian Ministry of Defence.[9]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as Podolsk City Under Oblast Jurisdiction - an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Podolsk City Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Podolsk Urban Okrug.[2]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Podolsk is twinned with:[10]

Notable people[edit]



  1. ^ a b c d Law #11/2013-OZ
  2. ^ a b c Law #145/2004-OZ
  3. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  6. ^ "Городской округ Подольск: история и современность". Podolsk Urban Okrug administration website (in Russian). Retrieved December 25, 2021.
  7. ^ Page, Myra; Baker, Christina Looper (1996). In a Generous Spirit: A First-Person Biography of Myra Page. University of Illinois Press. pp. 125–127. ISBN 9780252065439. Retrieved August 4, 2018.
  8. ^ "'Total Disgrace': Anger, Frustration as Mass Heating Failures Across Russia Leave Thousands in the Cold". Moscow Times. Retrieved January 18, 2024.
  9. ^ "Контакты ЦА МО". Russian Ministry of Defence website (in Russian). Retrieved October 2, 2021.
  10. ^ "Города-побратимы". Podolsk official website (in Russian). Podolsk. Retrieved October 2, 2021.


  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №11/2013-ОЗ от 31 января 2013 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области», в ред. Закона №249/2019-ОЗ от 29 ноября 2019 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области"». Вступил в силу на следующий день после официального опубликования (13 января 2013 г.). Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №24, 12 февраля 2013 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #11/2013-OZ of January 31, 2013 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Law #249/2019-OZ of November 29, 2019 On amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast". Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication (January 13, 2013).).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №81/2015-ОЗ от 22 мая 2015 г. «О преобразовании городского округа Подольск, городского округа Климовск, городского поселения Львовский Подольского муниципального района, сельского поселения Дубровицкое Подольского муниципального района, сельского поселения Лаговского Подольского муниципального района и сельского поселения Стрелковское Подольского муниципального района, о статусе и установлении границы вновь образованного муниципального образования». Вступил в силу через 10 дней после официального опубликования, за исключением статьи 4, вступающей в силу через один месяц после вступления в силу Закона в случае отсутствия инициативы жителей городского округа Подольск о проведении местного референдума по вопросу определения структуры органов местного самоуправления городского округа Подольск. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №94, 28 мая 2015 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #81/2015-OZ of May 22, 2015 On the Transformation of the Urban Okrug of Podolsk, Urban Okrug of Klimovsk, Urban Settlement of Lvovsky in Podolsky Municipal District, Rural Settlement of Dubrovitskoye in Podolsky Municipal District, Rural Settlement of Lagovskoye in Podolsky Municipal District, and Rural Settlement of Strelkovskoye in Podolsky Municipal District, on the Status and Establishing the Borders of the Newly Established Municipal Formation. Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the official publication, with the exception of Article 4, which takes effect one month after the Law taking effect if there is no initiative on the part of the residents of the Urban Okrug of Podolsk to conduct a referendum on establishing the structure of the bodies of the local self-government of the Urban Okrug of Podolsk.).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №65/2005-ОЗ от 28 февраля 2005 г. «О статусе и границах Подольского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №155/2012-ОЗ от 22 октября 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Подольского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №42, 10 марта 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #65/2005-OZ of February 28, 2005 On the Status and the Borders of Podolsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Law #155/2012-OZ of October 22, 2012 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Podolsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).