|Willow tit, Poecile montanus|
13–15, see text
Poecile is a genus of bird in the tit family that is often lumped into the genus Parus. It has 13–15 species, which are scattered across North America, Europe and Asia; the North American species are the chickadees. In the past, most authorities retained Poecile as a subgenus within the genus Parus, but treatment as a distinct genus, initiated by the American Ornithologists Union, is now widely accepted. This is supported by mtDNA cytochrome b sequence analysis.
The current genus name, Poecile, is the Ancient Greek name for a now unidentifiable small bird. It has traditionally been treated as feminine (giving name endings such as cincta); however, this was not specified by the original genus author Johann Jakob Kaup, and under the ICZN the genus name must therefore be treated by default as masculine, giving name endings such as cinctus.
The genus includes the following fifteen species:
- White-browed tit, Poecile superciliosus
- Sombre tit, Poecile lugubris
- Père David's tit, Poecile davidi
- Marsh tit, Poecile palustris
- Caspian tit, Poecile hyrcanus
- Black-bibbed tit, Poecile hypermelaenus
- Willow tit, Poecile montanus
- Songar tit, Poecile montanus songarus - one of around fourteen recognised subspecies
- Sichuan tit, Poecile weigoldicus
- Carolina chickadee, Poecile carolinensis
- Black-capped chickadee, Poecile atricapillus
- Mountain chickadee, Poecile gambeli
- Mexican chickadee, Poecile sclateri
- Grey-headed chickadee, Poecile cinctus
- Boreal chickadee, Poecile hudsonicus
- Chestnut-backed chickadee, Poecile rufescens
- del Hoyo et al. (2007)
- Gill et al. (2005)
- Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 311. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
- Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Waxwings and their allies, tits & penduline tits". World Bird List Version 6.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- Gill, F. B., Slikas, B., & Sheldon, F. H. (2005). Phylogeny of titmice (Paridae): II. Species relationships based on sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome-b gene. Auk 122: 121–143. DOI: 10.1642/0004-8038(2005)122[0121:POTPIS]2.0.CO;2 HTML abstract
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