|Willow tit, Poecile montanus|
13–15, see text
Poecile is a genus of bird in the tit family. It has 13–15 species, which are scattered across North America, Europe and Asia; the North American species are the chickadees. In the past, most authorities retained Poecile as a subgenus within the genus Parus, but treatment as a distinct genus, initiated by the American Ornithologists Union, is now widely accepted. This is supported by mtDNA cytochrome b sequence analysis.
The current genus name, Poecile, is the Ancient Greek name for a now unidentifiable small bird. It has traditionally been treated as feminine (giving name endings such as cincta); however, this was not specified by the original genus author Johann Jakob Kaup, and under the ICZN the genus name must therefore be treated by default as masculine, giving name endings such as cinctus.
The genus includes the following fifteen species:
|Image||Common Name||Scientific name||Distribution|
|White-browed tit||Poecile superciliosus||central China and Tibet.|
|Sombre tit||Poecile lugubris||southeast Europe and southwest Asia|
|Père David's tit||Poecile davidi||central China in southern Gansu, western Hubei, southern Shaanxi and Sichuan|
|Marsh tit||Poecile palustris||temperate Europe and northern Asia|
|Caspian tit||Poecile hyrcanus||northern Iran, just extending into Azerbaijan.|
|Black-bibbed tit||Poecile hypermelaenus||central and eastern China to southeast Tibet and western Myanmar.|
|Willow tit||Poecile montanus||temperate and subarctic Europe and northern Asia|
|Sichuan tit||Poecile weigoldicus||central China|
|Carolina chickadee||Poecile carolinensis||United States from New Jersey west to southern Kansas and south to Florida and Texas|
|Black-capped chickadee||Poecile atricapillus||Maine and Massachusetts in the United States, and New Brunswick in Canada|
|Mountain chickadee||Poecile gambeli||western United States|
|Mexican chickadee||Poecile sclateri||Mexico|
|Grey-headed chickadee||Poecile cinctus||subarctic Scandinavia and northern Asia, and also into North America in Alaska and the far northwest of Canada|
|Boreal chickadee||Poecile hudsonicus||Canada, Alaska, and the northern edges of the northernmost portions of the lower forty-eight United States|
|Chestnut-backed chickadee||Poecile rufescens||Pacific Northwest of the United States and western Canada, from southern Alaska to southwestern California|
- del Hoyo et al. (2007)
- Gill et al. (2005)
- Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 311. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
- Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Waxwings and their allies, tits & penduline tits". World Bird List Version 6.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- Gill, F. B., Slikas, B., & Sheldon, F. H. (2005). Phylogeny of titmice (Paridae): II. Species relationships based on sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome-b gene. Auk 122: 121–143. DOI: 10.1642/0004-8038(2005)122[0121:POTPIS]2.0.CO;2 HTML abstract
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