Poetics

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Poetics is the theory of literary forms and literary discourse.[1]

History[edit]

The term poetics derives from the Ancient Greek ποιητικός poietikos "pertaining to poetry"; also "creative" and "productive".[2] In the Western world, the development and evolution of poetics featured three artistic movements concerned with poetical composition: (i) the formalist, (2) the objectivist, and (iii) the Aristotelian. (see the Poetics).[3] During the Romantic era, poetics tended toward expressionism and emphasized the perceiving subject. Twentieth-century poetics returned to the Aristotelian paradigm, followed by trends toward meta-criticallity, and the establishment of a contemporary theory of poetics.[4] Eastern poetics developed lyric poetry, rather than the representational mimetic poetry of the Western world.[3]

In literary criticism[edit]

Poetics is distinguished from hermeneutics by its focus not on the meaning of a text, but rather its understanding of how a text's different elements come together and produce certain effects on the reader.[5] Most literary criticism combines poetics and hermeneutics in a single analysis; however, one or the other may predominate given the text and the aims of the one doing the reading.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Gérard Genette (2005), Essays In Aesthetics, Volume 4, p.14:

    My program then was named "Theory of Literary Forms" — a title that I supposed to be less ambiguous for minds a little distant from this specialty, if it is one, than its (for me) synonym Poetics.

  2. ^ "poetic". Online Etymology Dictionary.
  3. ^ a b Brogan, T. (1994). The New Princeton Handbook of Poetic Terms. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-03672-4.
  4. ^ Preminger, Alex (2016). Princeton Encyclopaedia of Poetry and Poetics. Macmillan International Higher Education. p. 952. ISBN 978-1-349-15617-7.
  5. ^ Culler, Jonathan (1997). Literary Theory: A Very Short Introduction.:

Further reading[edit]