Poggio Mirteto

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Poggio Mirteto
Comune
Comune di Poggio Mirteto
Coat of arms of Poggio Mirteto
Coat of arms
Poggio Mirteto is located in Italy
Poggio Mirteto
Poggio Mirteto
Location of Poggio Mirteto in Italy
Coordinates: 42°16′N 12°41′E / 42.267°N 12.683°E / 42.267; 12.683Coordinates: 42°16′N 12°41′E / 42.267°N 12.683°E / 42.267; 12.683
Country Italy
Region Latium
Province / Metropolitan city Rieti (RI)
Government
 • Mayor Giancarlo Micarelli
Area
 • Total 26.4 km2 (10.2 sq mi)
Elevation 246 m (807 ft)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 5,879
 • Density 220/km2 (580/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Poggiani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 02047
Dialing code 0765
Patron saint Saint Cajetan
Saint day 7 August

Poggio Mirteto is a comune (municipality) and former Catholic bishopric in Sabina in the Central Italian region Lazio (Latium). Administratively Poggio Mirteto is in the province of Rieti (formerly part of the province of Perugia) and geographically this municipality is about 45 kilometres (28 mi) northeast of Rome and about 20 kilometres (12 mi) southwest of Rieti.

According to Giuseppe Marocco's 1833 book [2] the name Poggio Mirteto means the "knoll with plenty of Myrtus plants" because in its territory there would be plenty of Myrtus plants (mirto in Italian and then the adjective Mirteto) and the old town was built on a knoll which in Italian is translated with the toponym Poggio.

Poggio Mirteto's cathedral, formerly seat of its own bishops, became the episcopal see of the Bishop of the Suburbicarian Diocese of Sabina-Poggio Mirteto.

History[edit]

For ecclesiastical history, see Roman Catholic Diocese of Poggio Mirteto

Poggio Mirteto was founded in the early thirteenth century in an area around some earlier small castles: previously in this area there had been some old Roman villas. Later the town became part of Papal States.

On 6 and 7 July 1849 Giuseppe Garibaldi, during his retreat from Rome with about 4,000 troops and his wife Anita, stopped in Poggio Mirteto: in Poggio Mirteto's main square there is a commemorative plaque in the building where Anita, which was pregnant, stayed during these days.[3]

In the end of the year 1860, similarly to other Papal States territories, Poggio Mirteto joined the Kingdom of Sardinia during the fast events which arranged the making of the Kingdom of Italy that happened in the next year. The then Special Commissioner for the Province of Umbria of the Kingdom of Sardinia, Gioacchino Napoleone Pepoli, created by decree the Province of Umbriaon 15 December 1860, merging the previous Districts of Perugia, Spoleto, Orvieto, Foligno, Terni and the one of Rieti;[4] therefore Poggio Mirteto, which was in the Rieti District, was included in this new Province.

Since 27 January 1927, Poggio Mirteto has been part of the Province of Rieti which was established in the same year by Decree.[5]

During the Second World War, Poggio Mirteto has been theatre of some episodes of the fight against the German occupation by the Partisans.

Geography[edit]

The city center is situated on a hill, which is around 250 meters above the sea level, by the left bank of the river Tevere in a fertile region, where pot-herbs, cereals, grapes and pastures are cultivated. Olive plantation is the most typical product of the Poggio Mirteto's agriculture and its extra virgin olive oil has the Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) like all the extra virgin olive oil produced in Sabina.[6]

The municipality of Poggio Mirteto, other than the city center, comprises the following hamlets (subdivisions, mainly villages), in Italian "frazioni":

  • Poggio Mirteto Scalo,
  • San Valentino,
  • San Luigi,
  • La Misericordia,
  • Castel San Pietro.

The biggest hamlet is Poggio Mirteto Scalo which has grown around the railway station, this hamlet is far from the city center around six kilometres, while Castel San Pietro is an enclave because its territory is not connected with the other territory of the municipality.

Poggio Mirteto borders one another the following municipalities: Poggio Catino, Montopoli di Sabina, Torrita Tiberina, Cantalupo in Sabina and Salisano.

The famous Farfa Abbey is close to Poggio Mirteto.

Transportation[edit]

Poggio Mirteto is directly linked with Rome, Fiumicino Aeroporto railway station, Orte and other Lazio's towns thorugh the railway FR1. The railway station is far from the city center around six kilometres.

The main road in the municipality territory it is the road SS 79 "Ternana" which is part of the connection between Terni to Rieti.

Main sights[edit]

Piazza Martiri della Libertà is a square which represents the city center of Poggio Mirteto where there are the City Hall and the Poggio Cathedral. This very large square, which is enclosed by buildings for the biggest part of its perimeter, was developed as an expansion of the old medieval city during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries: the square is linked to the medieval part of the city through a monumental gateway, Porta Farnese: this gateway is named by the House of Farnese because its construction was proposed by the Cardinal Alessandro Farnese during the sixteen century when he was Abbot of Farfa. Opposite to Porta Farnese, at the other end of the square, there is the church of San Rocco (Saint Roch) which is up a staircase. In the centre of the square there is a garden with the war memorial.

The medieval part of the city, its first nucleus, conserves the huge bishop palace, a notable medieval clock tower, and the premises of the former prison.

In the municipality territory there are the following churches:

Poggio Mirteto's cathedral, seventeen century
Saint Paul Church, thirteenth century
  • Cathedral
  • San Giovanni
  • San Rocco
  • Sacra Famiglia
  • San Paolo
  • Madonna della Misericordia
  • Santa Maria della Pietà
Clock tower

An old chimney made of bricks, now near the city center, is the most notable remainder of the former glassmaker Fajella which was built in the nineteenth century.[7] In the municipality territory ancient ruins of Roman villas are numerous such as the villa called "Bagni di Lucilla" and a villa which traditionally is claimed to have been of Terentius Varro. In the countryside there are also remnants of small Roman aqueducts.

In the hamlet of Castel San Pietro there is an old castle.

Former glassmaker's chimney

Culture[edit]

The Carnival season in Poggio Mirteto comprises three landmarks events, all happening mainly in Piazza Martiri della Libertà:

  • the first event is the festival of bruschetta on the penultimate Sunday of Carnival.
  • the second one is the Carnival of the children on the Carnival Thursday.
  • third one, on the first Sunday of the Lent, is the Carnevalone Liberato ('freed big Carnival' in Italian), a busker style festival with a parade of satirical groups and chariots.

In august, during the celebration of its patron saint, Saint Cajetan, Poggio Mirteto has some festivals.

Notable locals[edit]

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Curiosity[edit]

  • According to the archeologist Antonio Nibby [8] in 1801 in Poggio Mirteto was discovered a mosaic with Diana which now is in the Vatican Museum: this mosaic is described in a book of the archeologist Bartolomeo Nogara.[9]
  • According to a book of the journalist Italo Pietra when Enrico Mattei was fourteen years old he arrived in Poggio Mirteto by train: he had run away from his home and reached Rome with a friend where the two stayed for some days living like homeless. Later the two teenagers left Rome by train northwards but they were without tickets so the Carabinieri found out and blocked them in the railway station of Poggio Mirteto.[10]
  • Four cities in Italy have named one of their streets Poggio Mirteto: the cities are Rome, Rieti, Nettuno and Forano.
  • The scene of the train in the Italian movie I due carabinieri was played in the railway station of Poggio Mirteto.[11]
  • The castle of Castel San Pietro was the subject of a painting made by the Flemish painter Paul Bril in the early seventeen century. Now this painting is in the museum which is in Palazzo Barberini in Rome.[12]

See also[edit]

Sources and External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  2. ^ Monumenti dello Stato Pontificio e relazione topografica di ogni paese - Sabina e sue memorie
  3. ^ http://rete.comuni-italiani.it/wiki/Poggio_Mirteto/Lapide_a_ricordo_di_Anita_Garibaldi
  4. ^ Decreto n° 240, serie n° 197, 15 Dicembre 1860.
  5. ^ Decreto 2 gennaio 1927, n.1
  6. ^ http://www.sabinadop.it/eng/default.asp
  7. ^ Bacci Valeria, La Fabbrica dei Cristalli. Ricerche sull'antica vetreria Fajella di Poggio Mirteto. ISBN 88-903056-9-X
  8. ^ Antonio Nibby, Itinerario di Roma e delle sue Vicinanze. 1844.
  9. ^ I mosaici antichi conservati nei palazzi pontifici del Vaticano e del Laterano / con introduzione del Bartolomeo Nogara. Milano , 1910.
  10. ^ Italo Pietra, Mattei. La Pecora Nera. La Biblioteca di Repubblica
  11. ^ http://www.davinotti.com/index.php?option=com_gmap&id=3277&id_film=2208
  12. ^ http://galleriabarberini.beniculturali.it/index.php?it/160/sala-19-paesaggio-e-figura