Pogoniani

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Pogoniani

Πωγωνιανή
Pogoniani is located in Greece
Pogoniani
Pogoniani
Location within the regional unit
DE Pogonianis.svg
Coordinates: 40°00′N 20°25′E / 40.000°N 20.417°E / 40.000; 20.417Coordinates: 40°00′N 20°25′E / 40.000°N 20.417°E / 40.000; 20.417
CountryGreece
Administrative regionEpirus
Regional unitIoannina
MunicipalityPogoni
 • Municipal unit56.693 km2 (21.889 sq mi)
Population
(2011)[1]
 • Municipal unit
567
 • Municipal unit density10/km2 (26/sq mi)
Community
 • Population425 (2011)
 • Area (km2)18.830
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Vehicle registrationΙΝ

Pogonianí (Greek: Πωγωνιανή, pronounced [poɣoɲaˈni], before 1928: Βοστίνα - Vostina[2]; Albanian: Voshtinë[3]) is a village and a former community in the Ioannina regional unit, Epirus, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Pogoni, of which it is a municipal unit.[4] The municipal unit has an area of 56.693 km2, the community 18.830 km2.[5] It is best known in Greece as the birthplace of Karolos Papoulias, President of the Hellenic Republic between 2005 and 2015.

The municipal unit consists of 4 villages: Pogoniani, Dolo, Drymades, Stavroskiadi. In the late Ottoman period and until 1923, the village of Pogoniani (known as Vostina) was inhabited by Muslim Albanians alongside Orthodox Greek inhabitants.[6] Until 1924, Muslim Albanians from the village of Pogoniani used to have close relations and exchanges with people from the town of Libohovë in Albania.[3]

During the period prior to the First World War the British member of the International Commission that was responsible of the delineation of the Greek-Albanian border noticed that the villages that were ceded to Albania, which consist of the northern portion of Pogoniani are entirely Greek-speaking.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ Name changes of settlements in Greece
  3. ^ a b Gilles de Rapper & Pierre Sintès (2008). "Faire et Defaire les Frontieres du Mariage - Échanges matrimoniaux entre la Grèce et l’Albanie -le cas de la région de Gjirokastër". p. 4. "Dans ce modèle, la frontière internationale n’est pas un obstacle, tant qu’elle est ouverte au passage, parce qu’elle ne correspond pas aux lignes de partage locales : Grecs et Albanais, chrétiens et musulmans, peuvent se marier de part et d’autre de la frontière, à l’intérieur de leur groupe. C’est le cas entre les deux parties du Pogon jusqu’à la fermeture de la frontière en 1944 ; entre les musulmans de Libohovë et ceux de Voshtinë/Pogonniani jusqu’à l’expulsion de ces derniers en 1924 ; entre les Grecs du Haut Dropull et ceux de la Mourgana jusqu’en 1944 (Dino 2007, 18), entre ceux de Konispol et ceux de Filiates. Lorsque la frontière devient infranchissabl e et lorsque l’autre côté est considéré comme «  ennemi », comme ce fut le cas à partir de 1944, les échanges matrimoniaux transfrontaliers disparaissent et laissent la place à d’autres alliances, qui semblaient jusqu’alors impossibles ou qui ne semblaient apporter aucun «  avantage » : mariages entre minoritaires grecs et Albanais majoritaires, entre musulmans et chrétiens, entre gens des villages et gens des villes."
  4. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
  5. ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.
  6. ^ Sarah Green (2005). Notes from the Balkans: Locating Marginality and Ambiguity on the Greek-Albanian border. Princeton University Press. pp. 56-57.
  7. ^ British documents on the origins of the war, 1898-1914 ,. H.M.S.O., 1926, p. 184: "Frontier as laid down cut off small northern portion of Pogoniani district which contained Greek villages and was entirely Greek-speaking"