Pogranichny, Primorsky Krai

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Pogranichny

Пограничный
Location of Pogranichny
Pogranichny is located in Russia
Pogranichny
Pogranichny
Location of Pogranichny
Pogranichny is located in Primorsky Krai
Pogranichny
Pogranichny
Pogranichny (Primorsky Krai)
Coordinates: 44°24′N 131°23′E / 44.400°N 131.383°E / 44.400; 131.383Coordinates: 44°24′N 131°23′E / 44.400°N 131.383°E / 44.400; 131.383
CountryRussia
Federal subjectPrimorsky Krai
Administrative districtPogranichny District
Gorodevko1898
Urban-type settlement status since1936
Population
 • Total10,280
 • Estimate 
(2018)[2]
10,186 (-0.9%)
 • Capital ofPogranichny District
Time zoneUTC+10 (MSK+7 Edit this on Wikidata[3])
Postal code(s)[4]
692582
Dialing code(s)+7 42345
OKTMO ID05632151051

Pogranichny (Russian: Пограни́чный) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Pogranichny District of Primorsky Krai, Russia, located 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) east of the China–Russia border and 140 kilometers (87 mi) northwest of Vladivostok. Population: 10,280 (2010 Census);[1] 12,221 (2002 Census);[5] 11,333 (1989 Census).[6]

History[edit]

Pogranichny was founded by the Orenburg Cossacks from the fist Host district, in 1898, as Grodekovo (Гроде́ково) railway station, named after Nikolay Ivanovich Grodekov, Governor General (1898–1906) of Priamurye. The settlement was given its present name – which means "border (town)" – in 1958.[7]

Cross-border rail traffic[edit]

The railway station in Pogranichny (still called Grodekovo for railway purposes) is the first one east of the Sino-Russian border on the HarbinUssuriysk (for Vladivostok) branch of the former Chinese Eastern Railway, the "Trans Manchurian Line". There are currently (December 2013) no through passenger trains between Harbin and Ussuriysk; however, two local trains daily in each direction connect Suifenhe (the last Chinese station on the western side of the border) to Pogranichny. The 27-km journey takes around 1 hour and 25 minutes.[8]

Climate[edit]

Pogranichny has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dwb), with very cold and dry winters and very warm and wet summers.

Climate data for Pogranichny
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.8
(44.2)
13.7
(56.7)
21.3
(70.3)
30.2
(86.4)
35.0
(95.0)
36.9
(98.4)
39.0
(102.2)
39.2
(102.6)
33.5
(92.3)
30.4
(86.7)
21.3
(70.3)
12.0
(53.6)
39.2
(102.6)
Average high °C (°F) −9.5
(14.9)
−5.2
(22.6)
2.7
(36.9)
12.9
(55.2)
19.7
(67.5)
23.5
(74.3)
26.7
(80.1)
26.5
(79.7)
21.4
(70.5)
14.0
(57.2)
2.3
(36.1)
−7.0
(19.4)
10.7
(51.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −15.4
(4.3)
−11.7
(10.9)
−3.9
(25.0)
5.6
(42.1)
12.3
(54.1)
16.9
(62.4)
20.6
(69.1)
20.6
(69.1)
14.4
(57.9)
6.5
(43.7)
−4.0
(24.8)
−12.7
(9.1)
4.1
(39.4)
Average low °C (°F) −20.4
(−4.7)
−17.0
(1.4)
−9.4
(15.1)
−0.7
(30.7)
5.7
(42.3)
11.2
(52.2)
15.7
(60.3)
15.8
(60.4)
8.8
(47.8)
0.7
(33.3)
−9.1
(15.6)
−17.4
(0.7)
−1.3
(29.6)
Record low °C (°F) −36.9
(−34.4)
−33.0
(−27.4)
−27.6
(−17.7)
−14.5
(5.9)
−4.2
(24.4)
2.0
(35.6)
5.1
(41.2)
5.6
(42.1)
−3.1
(26.4)
−13.1
(8.4)
−28.6
(−19.5)
−35.2
(−31.4)
−36.9
(−34.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 6.7
(0.26)
8.1
(0.32)
13.1
(0.52)
25.3
(1.00)
58.6
(2.31)
95.3
(3.75)
117.2
(4.61)
122.5
(4.82)
64.5
(2.54)
37.2
(1.46)
14.5
(0.57)
9.5
(0.37)
572.5
(22.53)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.4 3.7 5.6 6.8 9.3 8.2 11.4 8.3 5.5 4.6 4.8 4.5 77.1
Average relative humidity (%) 63.2 58.8 55.7 56.1 64.4 74.0 81.8 78.7 70.2 59.3 59.0 61.8 65.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 183 190 230 215 239 215 208 210 222 214 182 163 2,471
Source 1: climatebase.ru (1930-2008)[9]
Source 2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[10]

Notable people[edit]

Russian actor Leonid Yarmolnik and Mayor of Barnaul Vladimir Kolganov were born in Grodekovo. Russian poet Arseny Nesmelov died here.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  2. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  3. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  4. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  5. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  6. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  7. ^ Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Railways schedules at http://eng.rzd.ru/statice/public/en?STRUCTURE_ID=4129
  9. ^ "Pogranichnyy, Russia". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved January 26, 2013.
  10. ^ "Climate Normals for POGRANICNYJ". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 26, 2013.