Pohle's fruit bat

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Pohle's fruit bat
Naturalis Biodiversity Center - ZMA.MAM.19715.b ven - Scotonycteris ophiodon - skin.jpeg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Pteropodidae
Genus: Casinycteris
Species: C. ophiodon
Binomial name
Casinycteris ophiodon
Pohle, 1943
Pohle's Fruit Bat area.png
Pohle's fruit bat range

Pohle's fruit bat (Casinycteris ophiodon) is a near threatened species of megabat found in the subtropical or tropical forests of Cameroon, the Republic of Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana and Liberia. [2]

Taxonomy[edit]

In 2014, its taxonomy was revised. While it was previously in the genus Scotonycteris, analysis of mitochondrial DNA showed that it should be placed in Casinycteris to avoid paraphyly of Scotonycteris.[3]

Description[edit]

These bats are also known as 'tear-drop' fruit bats because of the prominent tear-like white spots found on both sides of their eyes and on their upper lips. Their fur is tainted and the wings a dark brown. They measure 74-78 millimeters and weigh between 35 and 60 grams.[4]

Ecology[edit]

These bats live in the lowland forests of West and Central Africa, mostly in the lowest level of undergrowth, where they feed on various fruits and flowers.

Conservation[edit]

The main threats to this species' habitat include agriculture, mining, logging, and human disturbances such as fire. There are established policy based legislation actions as well as habitat and site-based action in protected areas.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mickleburgh, S., Hutson, A.M., Bergmans, W., Fahr, J. & Juste. J. 2010. Scotonycteris ophiodon. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T20059A9140239. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T20059A9140239.en. Downloaded on 23 September 2017.
  2. ^ Mickleburgh, S., Hutson, A., Bergmans, W., Fahr, J. & Juste, J. 2004. In: IUCN 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/details.php/20059/all. Downloaded on 29 April 2007. Apr. 29 2007.
  3. ^ Hassanin, A. (2014). Description of a new bat species of the tribe Scotonycterini (Chiroptera, Pteropodidae) from southwestern Cameroon. Comptes rendus biologies, 337(2), 134-142.
  4. ^ Kingdon, Jonathan. The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals. California: Academic Press, 1997.