Pohnpei kingfisher

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Pohnpei kingfisher
Micronesian Kingfisher.jpg
photographed near Kolonia during a 1999 field investigation of the birds.
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Alcedinidae
Subfamily: Halcyoninae
Genus: Todiramphus
Species:
T. reichenbachii
Binomial name
Todiramphus reichenbachii
(Hartlaub, 1852)

The Pohnpei kingfisher (Todiramphus reichenbachii) is a species of bird in the family Alcedinidae. It is endemic to Pohnpei. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the Micronesian kingfisher.

This is a brilliantly colored, medium-sized kingfisher. Adults are characterized by white underparts, while juveniles are cinnamon below. They have large laterally-flattened bills and dark legs. kingfishers defend permanent territories as breeding pairs and family groups (Kesler 2006). Both sexes care for young, and some offspring remain with parents for extended periods and through subsequent breeding attempts. (Kesler 2002). Birds apparently are obligate termitaria nesters. (Kesler and Haig 2005). Birds can be observed foraging along forest edges and from phone wires.

Like other avian species on Pohnpei island, kingfisher populations declined by 63% between 1983 and 1994 surveys (Buden 2000). The cause of Pohnpei bird declines has not yet been identified.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2015). "Todiramphus reichenbachii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  • Kesler, D.C. 2002. Nest site selection in cooperatively breeding Pohnpei Micronesian Kingfishers (Halcyon cinnamomina reichenbachii): Does nest-site abundance limit reproductive opportunities? M.S. thesis. Oregon State University. Corvallis, OR.
  • Kesler, D.C., I. F. Lopes, and S. M. Haig. 2006. "Sex determination of Pohnpei Micronesian Kingfisher using morphological and molecular genetic techniques." Journal of Field Ornithology 77:229-232.
  • Buden, D.W. 2000. A comparison of 1983 and 1994 bird surveys of Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia. Wilson Bulletin 112:403-410.

External links[edit]