Pohorje near Maribor
|Peak||Black Peak (Črni vrh)|
|Elevation||1,543 m (5,062 ft)|
|Parent range||Southern Limestone Alps|
Pohorje (pronounced [ˈpoːxɔɾjɛ]), also known as the Pohorje Massif or the Pohorje Mountains (German: Bachergebirge, Bacherngebirge or often simply Bachern), is a mostly wooded, medium-high mountain range south of the Drava River in northeastern Slovenia. According to the traditional AVE classification it belongs to the Southern Limestone Alps. Geologically, it forms part of the Central Alps and features silicate metamorphic and igneous rock. Pohorje is sparsely populated with dispersed villages. There are also some ski resorts.
Pohorje is an Alpine mountain ridge with domed summits south of the Drava. It roughly lies in the triangle formed by the towns of Maribor (to the east), Dravograd (to the west) and Slovenske Konjice (to the south). To the northwest, it is bounded by the Mislinja River, to the south by the Vitanje Lowlands (Vitanjsko podolje), to the east it descends to the Drava Plain (Dravsko polje) and to the southeast it descends to the Pohorje Foothills (Podpohorske gorice). It measures about 50 km (31 mi) from east to west and 30 km (19 mi) from north to south and covers an area of ca. 840 km2 (320 sq mi). Its highest elevations are Black Peak (Slovene: Črni Vrh, German: Schwarzkogel) 1,543 m (5,062 ft), the only slightly lower Big Kopa Peak (Velika Kopa), and Lake Peak (Jezerski vrh), which rises to 1,537 m (5,043 ft). Forests cover over 70% of its surface.
Pohorje is a young mountain massif and represents the southeasternmost part of the Central Alps. It is the only mountain chain in Slovenia made of silicate rock. Its peripheral parts consist of Paleozoic metamorphic rock, and its central parts of igneous rock, particularly granodiorite (known also as the Pohorje tonalite) and dacite. Near the village of Cezlak lies the only known deposit of cizlakite (quartz monzogabbro; a green plutonic rock) in the world. The southern parts of Pohorje are known for white marble, which were quarried Roman times.
Pohorje ski resorts
The following ski resorts stand at Pohorje:
- Bogataj, Janez. 1999. Handicrafts of Slovenia: Encounters with Contemporary Slovene Craftsmen. Ljubljana: Rokus, p. 28.
- Watkins, Clem S. 2003. The Balkans. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, p. 125.
- Uratarič, Nina, ed. (June 2011). NATREG: Final Publication. REC Ljubljana. p. 36-40. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- Gams, Ivan (2008). "Geomorphology of the Pohorje Mountains". Acta geographica Slovenica (Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts) 48 (2). doi:10.3986/AGS48201.
- "Rocks of Pohorje". Tourist Information Centre Pohorje. Retrieved 28 March 2015.