|Senegal parrot eating fruit|
The genus Poicephalus comprises nine species of parrots native to various regions of the Afrotropic ecozone, including Sub-Saharan Africa, ranging from Senegal in the west, Ethiopia in the east, and to South Africa in the south. Several of the species exist in slightly different forms (or subspecies).
They are stocky birds with short broad tails and relatively large heads and beaks for their size. (Poicephalus, from the Ancient Greek, literally means made of head). Several of the species show marked sexual dimorphism, where the adult male and female birds can be easily identified from variations in feather colouration, but in other species there is no sexual dimorphism or the differences are not so marked. They feed primarily on seeds, fruits, nuts, and leafy matter.
The Senegal parrot, Meyer's parrot, red-bellied parrot and the brown-headed parrot are popular as pets because they are easier to keep in apartments, being generally quieter and smaller, than most other companion parrots. Some Poicephalus parrot species are rare and not known or rare in captivity.
- Senegal parrot, P. senegalus
- Meyer's parrot, P. meyeri
- Red-bellied parrot, P. rufiventris
- Brown-headed parrot, P. cryptoxanthus
- Red-fronted parrot, P. gulielmi
- Cape parrot, P. robustus
- P. fuscicollis (consists of two subspecies formerly considered part of P. robustus, although this re-grouping is contested by some authorities)
- Rüppell's parrot, P. rueppellii
- Yellow-fronted parrot, P. flavifrons
- Niam-Niam parrot, P. crassus
|Common and binomial names||Image||Description||Range|
|Grey head, green back and chest. Yellow, orange or red belly depending on subspecies.||Africa|
|Green, yellow under wings. Six subspecies with variable yellow colouration.||Africa|
|Mostly green and grey. Male has red belly.||Africa|
|Mostly green and grey. Yellow under wings.||Africa|
|Mostly green, variable amount of red on head and shoulders depending on subspecies||Africa|
|Mostly green, grey or brownish head and necks||Africa|
|Overall dark brown colour, head is dark greyish, yellow on legs and leading edge of wings, female has blue rump and lower back||Africa|
|Mostly green with a yellow head||Ethiopia|
|Mostly green with a brown head||Africa|
- Massa, Renato; Sara, Maurizio; Piazza, Matteo; Di Gaetano, Cornelia; Randazzo, Margherita; Cognetti, Goffredo (2000). "A molecular approach to the taxonomy and biogeography of African parrots" (PDF). Italian Journal of Zoology 67 (3): 313–17. doi:10.1080/11250000009356330. Retrieved 5 December 2010.