Poinsett County, Arkansas

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Poinsett County
Poinsett County Courthouse, June 2011
Map of Arkansas highlighting Poinsett County
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°34′17″N 90°39′36″W / 35.571388888889°N 90.66°W / 35.571388888889; -90.66
Country United States
State Arkansas
FoundedFebruary 28, 1838
Named forJoel Roberts Poinsett
SeatHarrisburg
Largest cityTrumann
Area
 • Total763 sq mi (1,980 km2)
 • Land758 sq mi (1,960 km2)
 • Water5.2 sq mi (13 km2)  0.7%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total24,583
 • Estimate 
(2019)
23,528
 • Density32/sq mi (12/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.poinsettcounty.us

Poinsett County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,583.[1] The county seat is Harrisburg.[2]

Poinsett County is included in the Jonesboro–Paragould Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Cotton gins, such as the Judd Hill Cotton Gin, and rice dryers, such as the Hubbard Rice Dryer, have been historically vital to the economy of Poinsett County. Both properties are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Poinsett County was formed on February 28, 1838, and named for Joel Roberts Poinsett, U.S. Secretary of War. County business was initially conducted in the county judge's home until first court was held in Bolivar, upon completion of a courthouse in 1839. County government was moved in 1859 to Harrisburg, a more central locale designated as the new county seat. Poinsett County acquired its current boundaries in the years following this change, as portions were assigned to newly organized counties.

The northern portion became Craighead County, and the south portion became Cross County. Sunken lands were added to eastern Poinsett County during this time, including Lepanto and Marked Tree.

The Civil War devastated the county financially. It did not recover until the railroads were constructed into the area, giving farmers a new avenue to market their crops, and the timber industry developed. The Texas and St. Louis Railway Company completed track through Weiner and the St. Louis and Iron Mountain Railway ran through the center of the county in 1882. The Kansas City, Ft. Scott, and Gulf Railroad opened service in east Poinsett County the following year. Shipping timber had become feasible and was undertaken throughout northeast Arkansas following the completion of railroads. Farmers used the railroads to ship their cotton and farm animals to new markets. Many small railroad towns boomed during this period. Despite this uplift, the county's population mostly consisted of poor sharecroppers and tenant farmers, with an elite class of white landowners.

Poinsett County was the hardest hit county by the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927, which flooded thousands of fields and destroyed homes countywide. The Southern Tenant Farmers Union was founded in 1935 in Tyronza during the Great Depression. The organization was an interracial union to improve the pay and working conditions of poor sharecroppers. It met violent resistance from white planters, with union leaders and members attacked and some killed throughout its areas of organizing in Arkansas and Mississippi. The Southern Tenant Farmers Union Museum in Tyronza is operated by Arkansas State University.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 764 square miles (1,980 km2), of which 758 square miles (1,960 km2) is land and 5.2 square miles (13 km2) (0.7%) is water.[3] Located in Arkansas's northeast corner, the county is bisected by Crowley's Ridge and the L'Anguille River which both pass north–south through the county.[4] The soils in the eastern part of the county have been deposited by the Mississippi River and are mostly used for cotton farming. Western Poinsett County is generally dedicated to rice fields. Lake Poinsett State Park is centrally located within the county.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18401,320
18502,30874.8%
18603,62156.9%
18701,720−52.5%
18802,19227.4%
18904,27294.9%
19007,02564.4%
191012,79182.1%
192020,84863.0%
193029,69542.4%
194037,67026.9%
195039,3114.4%
196030,834−21.6%
197026,822−13.0%
198027,0320.8%
199024,664−8.8%
200025,6143.9%
201024,583−4.0%
2019 (est.)23,528[6]−4.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790–1960[8] 1900–1990[9]
1990–2000[10] 2010–2016[1]
Age pyramid Poinsett County[11]

2020 census[edit]

Poinsett County racial composition[12]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 19,163 83.44%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,773 7.72%
Native American 91 0.4%
Asian 56 0.24%
Pacific Islander 1 0.0%
Other/Mixed 1,052 4.58%
Hispanic or Latino 829 3.61%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 22,965 people, 9,526 households, and 6,710 families residing in the county.

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census,[13] there were 25,614 people, 10,026 households, and 7,228 families residing in the county. The population density was 34 inhabitants per square mile (13/km2). There were 11,051 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.98% White, 7.13% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.74% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. 1.43% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,026 households, out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.60% were married couples living together, 13.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.90% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.10% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,558, and the median income for a family was $32,257. Males had a median income of $26,633 versus $19,199 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,087. About 17.60% of families and 21.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.60% of those under age 18 and 20.50% of those age 65 or over.


Government[edit]

Poinsett County generally voted Democratic until, in 2008, it voted Republican for only the third time in the past century; in the four elections since then it has also gone Republican.

United States presidential election results for Poinsett County, Arkansas[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 5,918 78.69% 1,424 18.93% 179 2.38%
2016 5,502 71.25% 1,880 24.35% 340 4.40%
2012 4,974 65.79% 2,390 31.61% 196 2.59%
2008 4,903 61.84% 2,742 34.59% 283 3.57%
2004 3,555 46.03% 4,069 52.69% 99 1.28%
2000 2,988 41.30% 4,102 56.70% 145 2.00%
1996 2,034 27.39% 4,686 63.09% 707 9.52%
1992 2,425 28.29% 5,341 62.31% 805 9.39%
1988 3,644 48.16% 3,873 51.19% 49 0.65%
1984 5,622 58.64% 3,906 40.74% 59 0.62%
1980 4,040 44.01% 4,894 53.31% 246 2.68%
1976 2,726 28.50% 6,835 71.45% 5 0.05%
1972 7,010 77.91% 1,908 21.20% 80 0.89%
1968 2,140 27.14% 1,672 21.20% 4,074 51.66%
1964 3,031 34.92% 5,635 64.93% 13 0.15%
1960 2,430 44.64% 2,817 51.75% 197 3.62%
1956 2,117 35.25% 3,817 63.55% 72 1.20%
1952 2,010 31.80% 4,303 68.07% 8 0.13%
1948 435 11.75% 2,415 65.24% 852 23.01%
1944 311 11.04% 2,506 88.93% 1 0.04%
1940 670 13.91% 4,138 85.90% 9 0.19%
1936 563 13.90% 3,457 85.38% 29 0.72%
1932 252 5.44% 4,312 93.01% 72 1.55%
1928 1,182 33.60% 2,324 66.06% 12 0.34%
1924 393 22.81% 1,182 68.60% 148 8.59%
1920 633 32.93% 1,201 62.49% 88 4.58%
1916 511 30.33% 1,174 69.67% 0 0.00%
1912 205 18.96% 593 54.86% 283 26.18%
1908 462 35.13% 843 64.11% 10 0.76%
1904 310 33.37% 599 64.48% 20 2.15%
1900 180 25.64% 520 74.07% 2 0.28%
1896 130 18.26% 572 80.34% 10 1.40%


Education[edit]

Public education[edit]

Early childhood, elementary and secondary education is available from four school districts listed from largest to smallest based on student population:

Libraries[edit]

Poinsett County is served with central and branch libraries from two library systems, the Crowley Ridge Regional Library System and Trumann Library System.

Communities[edit]

Lake Poinsett within Lake Poinsett State Park, June 2011

Cities[edit]

Town[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Poinsett County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Poinsett County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [15][16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 6, 2016. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  4. ^ Poinsett County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). Cartography by Planning and Research Division. Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. November 20, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 15, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2012.
  5. ^ "Lake Poinsett State Park" (PDF). Arkansas Department of Parks and Tourism. 2005. Retrieved September 27, 2012.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved September 28, 2019.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  11. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 30, 2021.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  14. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  15. ^ 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Poinsett County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2011.
  16. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 29, 2014.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°34′17″N 90°39′36″W / 35.57139°N 90.66000°W / 35.57139; -90.66000