Point Bonita Lighthouse

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Point Bonita Lighthouse
Point Bonita Lighthouse in May 2018.jpg
Point Bonita Lighthouse in 2018
Point Bonita Lighthouse is located in California
Point Bonita Lighthouse
California
LocationSan Francisco Bay
California
United States
Coordinates37°48′56″N 122°31′46″W / 37.815614°N 122.529578°W / 37.815614; -122.529578Coordinates: 37°48′56″N 122°31′46″W / 37.815614°N 122.529578°W / 37.815614; -122.529578
Year first constructed1855 (first)
Year first lit1877 (current)
Automated1980
Foundationmasonry basement
Constructionbrick and cement building
Tower shapehexagonal tower with balcony and lantern on fog signal building
Markings / patternwhite tower, black lantern dome
Tower height33 ft (10 m)
Focal height124 ft (38 m)
Original lensSecond order Fresnel lens
Current lensSecond order Fresnel lens
Range18 nautical miles (33 km; 21 mi)
CharacteristicOc W 4s.
Fog signal2 blasts every 30s
Admiralty numberG4052
ARLHS numberUSA-618
USCG number6-0370
Managing agentGolden Gate National Recreation Area[1] [2]
Heritageplace listed on the National Register of Historic Places Edit this on Wikidata
Point Bonita Light Station
Area14 acres (5.7 ha)
Built1855 (1855)
Architectural styleLighthouse
MPSLight Stations of California MPS
NRHP reference #91001099[3]
Added to NRHPSeptember 3, 1991

Point Bonita Lighthouse is a lighthouse located at Point Bonita at the San Francisco Bay entrance in the Marin Headlands near Sausalito, California. Point Bonita was the last manned lighthouse on the California coast. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1991.[3]

History[edit]

More than 300 boats ran aground near the Golden Gate during the California Gold Rush years, requiring a lighthouse.

The original Point Bonita Lighthouse, a 56-foot (17 m) brick tower, was built in 1855 at 306 feet (93 m) above sea level with a second order Fresnel lens. This was too high. Unlike the East Coast of the United States, the West Coast has dense high fog, which leaves lower elevations clear. Since the original light was so high, it was often cloaked in fog and could not be seen from the sea. As a result, the lighthouse was moved to its current location at 124 feet (38 m) above sea level in 1877. To access the new site, a 118-foot (36 m) long tunnel was hand carved through hard rock.[4]

The lighthouse had the first fog signal on the West Coast, in the form of a 24-pounder siege gun.

Up until 1940 the lighthouse could be reached by a trail, but erosion caused the trail to crumble into the sea. A wooden walkway was installed, but when that became treacherous a suspension bridge was built in 1954. This is the only lighthouse in the United States which can only be reached by a suspension bridge.

The suspension bridge underwent repairs in 1979 and again in 1991, but the metal components were not able to stand up to the sea spray. As a result, the suspension bridge to the light house was closed to public access on January 6, 2010. According to the Federal Highway Administration, the bridge, which was 56 years old, had started to rust. It was replaced by a new span which opened April 13, 2012.

The new bridge construction cost a little over $1 million. It is made of tropical hardwood with steel suspension cables and attachments.[5]

The United States Coast Guard currently maintains the light and fog signal.

Public access[edit]

The lighthouse is accessible to the public during limited hours (12:30 PM–3:30 PM) on Sundays and Mondays[6], as well as on ranger-led interpretive sunset hikes, which requires a sign-up. Access to the bridge is barred at other times by a metal door on the shore end of the tunnel.

Gallery[edit]

In popular media[edit]

On the television show Murder in the First the lighthouse was a setting at the end of the second-season episode "Schizofrenzy."

The lighthouse can be found in the video game Watch Dogs 2.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Point Bonita The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 13 June 2016
  2. ^ California Historic Light Station Information & Photography United States Coast Guard. Retrieved 13 June 2016
  3. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2013-11-02.
  4. ^ "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: California". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Retrieved 2008-08-19.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-01-08. Retrieved 2011-01-07.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ https://www.nps.gov/goga/pobo.htm

External links[edit]