Point Loma Formation

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Point Loma Formation
Stratigraphic range: Late Cretaceous
Pont Loma section.jpg
Typical exposure of the Point Loma Formation at Sunset Cliffs
Type Geological formation
Unit of Rosario Group
Underlies Cabrillo Formation
Overlies Lusardi Formation
Thickness 400 metres (1,300 ft)
Lithology
Primary sandstone, shale, siltstone
Location
Region North America
Country United States
Extent Point Loma to La Jolla
San Diego County
California
Type section
Named for Point Loma
Named by Kennedy and Moore, 1971[1]

The Point Loma Formation is a sedimentary geological formation in Southern California. The strata date back to the Late Cretaceous epochs of the Cretaceous period, during the Mesozoic Era .

The formation is named after the Point Loma peninsula in southwestern San Diego County, California.

Description[edit]

The Point Loma Formation was first described as the middle formation of the Rosario Group by Kennedy and Moore in 1971. Their description is that the lower half is composed of interbedded fine-grained, dusky yellow sandstone and olive-gray clay shale in ledgy graded beds about 20 cm thick, which grades into massive grayish-black siltstone in the top half of the formation.[1]

Part of the Rosario Group, it overlies the Lusardi Formation, and underlies the Cabrillo Formation. The formation is found from Point Loma north to La Jolla, within the city of San Diego.

Fossils[edit]

The formation contains foraminifers, mollusks, and coccoliths.[1] These were used to date the formation biostratigraphically.

Dinosaur remains have been recovered from this formation.[2] In 1967 Brad Riney found a single hadrosaur neck vertebra in a sea cave in La Jolla. In 1983 he found a femur of a hadrosaur in Carlsbad and in 1986 thirteen cervical vertebrae of another hadrosaur. In 1987 Riney discovered teeth and fragments of the postcranium of the ankylosaur Aletopelta coombsi.[3] In about 1980 Leon Case found the midsection of a right dentary with teeth of a hadrosaur while walking along a beach in San Diego County.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kennedy, M.P., and Moore, G.W., 1971, Stratigraphic relations of Upper Cretaceous and Eocene formations, San Diego coastal area, California: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 55, no. 5, p. 709-722. article
  2. ^ Weishampel, David B; et al. (2004). "Dinosaur distribution (Late Cretaceous, North America)." In: Weishampel, David B.; Dodson, Peter; and Osmólska, Halszka (eds.): The Dinosauria, 2nd, Berkeley: University of California Press. Pp. 574-588. ISBN 0-520-24209-2.
  3. ^ "Table 17.1," in Weishampel, et al. (2004). Page 368.
  4. ^ Hilton (Dinosaurs and Other Mesozoic Reptiles of California, 2003), pp. 233-36.

Further reading[edit]

Cretaceous Period
Lower/Early Cretaceous Upper/Late Cretaceous
Berriasian | Valanginian | Hauterivian
Barremian| Aptian | Albian
Cenomanian | Turonian | Coniacian
Santonian |Campanian | Maastrichtian