Point Lowly

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Point Lowly
South Australia
Point Lowly is located in South Australia
Point Lowly
Point Lowly
Coordinates32°59′58″S 137°47′7″E / 32.99944°S 137.78528°E / -32.99944; 137.78528Coordinates: 32°59′58″S 137°47′7″E / 32.99944°S 137.78528°E / -32.99944; 137.78528
Postcode(s)5600
Time zoneACST (UTC+9:30)
 • Summer (DST)ACDT (UTC+10:30)
LGA(s)City of Whyalla
State electorate(s)Giles[1]
Federal Division(s)Grey[2]
Suburbs around Point Lowly:
Port Bonython Point Lowly North Spencer Gulf
Port Bonython Point Lowly Spencer Gulf
Whyalla Spencer Gulf Spencer Gulf
The giant Australian cuttlefish breed each winter in a mass aggregation near Point Lowly.
Southern right whales are occasional visitors to Point Lowly.

Point Lowly is the tip of a small peninsula north north-east of Whyalla in the Upper Spencer Gulf region of South Australia. The wider peninsula is shared by a combination of defence, industrial, residential, recreational and tourism interests. Port Bonython lies immediately to the north-west and is marked for future industrial expansion, driven by anticipated growth in the State's mining industry. The icons of the peninsula are the historic Point Lowly Lighthouse[3] and the mass breeding aggregation of giant Australian cuttlefish which occurs inshore each winter.

Point Lowly was named by Matthew Flinders during explorations in 1802. It also bears the lesser-known alternative name of Cap Lafontaine,[4] given by French explorer Nicolas Baudin during his explorations in the same period.

A boat-ramp exists north of the lighthouse for the benefit of commercial aquaculture operations and recreational users. Waters near Point Lowly include several popular grounds for snapper fishing.[5] The fishing of snapper in all South Australian waters is prohibited from 1 November through 15 December.[6]

Wildlife[edit]

Diving and snorkelling during the giant Australian cuttlefish aggregation each winter is a popular recreational activity. The Northern Spencer Gulf population has been in steady decline for over a decade. Their decline is the subject of local and international concern. As of October 2013, research into the possible causes of the decline by SARDI, the EPA and University of Adelaide is ongoing.[7]

Visiting southern right whales and humpback whales can occasionally be sighted from Point Lowly during winter months.[8]

Development[edit]

The South Australian Government plans to develop a large section of the peninsula into the Port Bonython Minerals Precinct. The proposals include an iron ore export port, a seawater desalination plant for BHP Billiton's use and Port Bonython Fuels, a fuel distribution hub owned by Mitsubishi. As of July 2015, Port Bonython Fuels is under construction, the desalination plant has been deferred and the iron ore export wharf is yet to receive necessary state and federal environmental approvals.

Industrialization plans near Point Lowly have been met with public opposition from several community groups based in nearby Whyalla. Groups include Save Point Lowly,[9] the Cuttlefish Coast Coalition and the Alternative Port Working Party.[10] Their concerns relate to the cumulative impacts of these developments which could displace or deter other users and degrade the peninsula's environmental and social value.

Point Lowly was first made accessible by road from Whyalla in 1948.[11] It was previously accessible by a rough track.[12] Shack sites were made available in the late 1940s, with three applications received by 19 December 1947.[13]

Landforms[edit]

The Point Lowly peninsula is a low plateau, sloping NW - SE, in the Simmens quartzite member, of the Neoprotorozoic Tent Hill formation. The southern shore of the peninsula features 20 metre high bluffs over sloping shore platforms and small beaches. The bluffs and cliffs of the eastern side of the peninsula slope down to pebble beaches with some sand at high tide.

To the north, Fitzgerald Bay acts as a sand trap, shown by the storage of Holocene sands in wide nearshore low tide sandflats. Small areas of sand ridges exist at the head of the bay, where Holocene sand grit has been mixed with the Pleistocene red sands from the Gulf floor. The beach here is narrow high tide reflective in morpho-dynamic terms. Volcanics are exposed in cliffs and platforms at Backy Point. Small areas of sand dune are found near Point Lowly and at Weeroona Bay. At the Weroona Bay dunes backshore low cobble ridges occur, possibly formerly covered by white Holocene sands that are now immediately inland. No dating is available for these deposits; however, further north in the Gulf similar deposits are Pleistocene in age.[14]

Shared use[edit]

A variety of people and entities utilize the Point Lowly peninsula. These include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District of Giles Background Profile". ELECTORAL COMMISSION SA. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  2. ^ "Federal electoral division of Grey, boundary gazetted 16 December 2011" (PDF). Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  3. ^ Lighthouses of Australia Inc. "Lighthouses of South Australia - Point Lowly Lighthouse" Archived 20 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2013-11-15.
  4. ^ Property Location Browser, Government of South Australia (accessed 2013-12-20)
  5. ^ Boatpoint.com.au "Fishing Whyalla (September 2007)" Retrieved 2013-11-15.
  6. ^ SA Government PIRSA Fisheries "Annual Snapper fishing closure starts November 1" Archived 4 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2013-11-15.
  7. ^ "Where did all the cuttlefish go?" ABC Environment, 2013-10-12 (Accessed 2013-12-20)
  8. ^ Atlas of Living Australia "Point Lowly" Retrieved 2013-11-15.
  9. ^ Ooi, Esther "The Point Lowly desal plant that's got SA squabbling" Crikey, Australia (2011-05-23). Retrieved 2014-03-24.
  10. ^ Moscaritolo, Maria "Port plan is compromised: Engineers" The Advertiser, South Australia (2011-09-20).
  11. ^ "ROAD TO CAMP SITE". Whyalla News. 16 January 1948. p. 6. Retrieved 24 July 2015.
  12. ^ "ROAD TO LIGHTHOUSE". Whyalla News. 19 September 1947. p. 7. Retrieved 24 July 2015.
  13. ^ "PROPOSED CAMP AREA Three Apply for Shack Sites". Whyalla News. 19 December 1947. p. 4. Retrieved 24 July 2015.
  14. ^ Eyre Peninsula Natural Resource Management Board "Eyre Peninsula Coastal Action Plan, Volume 2" Retrieved 2013-11-06.
  15. ^ Australian Government Department of Defence "Cultana Training Area Expansion Project" Retrieved 2013-11-06.
  16. ^ Santos Limited] "Our Activities - Port Bonython" Archived 4 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2013-11-06.