Point Wilson, Victoria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Point Wilson
Victoria
Point-wilson-victoria.jpg
Road towards Point Wilson
Point Wilson is located in City of Greater Geelong
Point Wilson
Point Wilson
Coordinates 38°01′16″S 144°31′44″E / 38.02111°S 144.52889°E / -38.02111; 144.52889Coordinates: 38°01′16″S 144°31′44″E / 38.02111°S 144.52889°E / -38.02111; 144.52889
Postcode(s) 3212
Elevation 18 m (59 ft)
Location
LGA(s) City of Greater Geelong
Localities around Point Wilson:
Little River Little River Cocoroc
Avalon Point Wilson Port Phillip
Port Phillip Port Phillip Port Phillip

Point Wilson is a locality located on the northern shores of Corio Bay, Victoria. it is approximately 60 kilometres by road from Melbourne, and 25 kilometres by road from Geelong.

The locality is bounded by Pousties Road to the west, the Princes Freeway to the north west, Little River to the north east, and Corio Bay to the south. Point Wilson is sparsely populated, and public access to the area is restricted due to the explosives facility located in the area. Other nearby land uses include the Murtcaim Wildlife Area and Melbourne Water's Western Treatment Plant.

Environment[edit]

The Point Wilson area is environmentally sensitive. It forms part of the Port Phillip Bay (Western Shoreline) and Bellarine Peninsula Ramsar Site as a wetland of international importance.[1] It contains important habitat for the critically endangered orange-bellied parrot that uses the coastal salt marsh as a wintering site.[2] The site is part of the Werribee and Avalon Important Bird Area, identified as such by BirdLife International because of its importance for wetland and waterbirds as well as orange-bellied parrots.[3]

The area surrounding the jetty consists of salt marshes, a low basalt bluff, and shelly ridges. The environment is considered in good condition due to the lack of human disturbance.[4]

Explosives[edit]

Disused bunker near the shoreline of Corio Bay

Point Wilson has been used as an explosives magazine since 1962, when the facility was relocated from near Laverton.[5] Owned by the Commonwealth of Australia, the Point Wilson Explosives Area is 326 hectares in size.

A 2,700 metre long steel and concrete jetty and wharf structure was constructed in the late 1950s for the importation of explosives. Four explosives storage and handling buildings were constructed in 1981. Commercial ships are used to transport ordnance and explosives from Europe and the United States to Australia, where they are offloaded at facilities including Point Wilson.

1994 saw the East Coast Armaments Complex proposal made by the Commonwealth of Australia, which involved the upgrade of the facility to handle the loading of explosives to naval ships. The proposal was deferred,[6] although the facility continues to handle the import of explosives for the defence forces.

Chemicals[edit]

ICI proposed a chloralkali-based petrochemical complex for Point Wilson in the 1970s.[7] This proposal did not succeed.

The Victorian State Government in 1994 proposed that the Coode Island bulk liquid chemical storage facility be relocated to the adjacent Point Lillias.[8] The proposal was dropped in June 1997.[9]

Weather station[edit]

Point Wilson is the location of a Bureau of Meteorology weather station that opened in 1990.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Commonwealth heritage places in Victoria". Archived from the original on 2007-07-18. Retrieved 2007-07-26. 
  2. ^ "Birds Australia Report Series". Archived from the original on 2007-06-07. Retrieved 2007-07-26. 
  3. ^ BirdLife International. (2011). Important Bird Areas factsheet: Werribee and Avalon. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 2011-11-23.
  4. ^ "DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY INDUSTRIES - Point Wilson - Prograding Shell Ridges". Retrieved 2007-07-26. 
  5. ^ "Rail Geelong - Laverton Station". Retrieved 2007-07-26. 
  6. ^ "REPORT relating to the proposed EAST COAST ARMAMENT COMPLEX POINT WILSON, VIC" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-07-26. 
  7. ^ "Chemical Industry - Victoria". Retrieved 2007-07-26. 
  8. ^ "TWO MAJOR PROJECTS - A BOOST FOR VICTORIA". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-07-26. 
  9. ^ "NO CHEMICAL STORAGE PROPOSAL FOR POINT LILLIAS". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-07-26. 
  10. ^ "Bureau of Meteorology site summary". Retrieved 2007-07-26.