A point-to-point is a form of horseracing over fences for hunting horses and amateur riders. In Ireland, where the sport is open to licensed - i.e. professional - trainers, many of the horses will appear in these races before they compete in National Hunt races. Consequently, the Irish point-to-point is more used as a nursery for future young stars: a horse that wins its debut point-to-point in Ireland will often sell for a lot of money. Whilst professional trainers are specifically excluded from running horses in point-to-points in Great Britain (other than those which are their own personal property), the days of the farmer running his hunter at the local point-to-point have gone. Increasingly, horses are run from "livery yards" - unlicensed but otherwise professional training establishments, sometimes closely allied with a licensed yard.
Horses running in Point-to-Points must be Thoroughbreds, save in the case of Hunt Members races and certain other Club Members races (e.g. Pegasus Club Members race). The owner must be a member, subscriber or farmer of a recognized pack of Hounds and obtain a Hunter Certificate from the Master to that that effect. Once this Certificate has been registered with the Point-to-Point Authority (PPA) the horse is also eligible to run in Hunter Chases, i.e. races for similarly qualified horses run under BHA Rules over regulation fences on licensed racecourses. Similarly, potential riders must also obtain a Riders Qualification Certificate (RQC) from a Hunt Secretary and register it with the PPA.
Point-to-Point racing is also sometimes referred to as racing 'between the flags'.
The first Steeplechase ever was run locally between Buttevant and Doneraile, County Cork, over 250 years ago. Chasing from 'steeple to steeple' or point-to-point began in 1752 when Mr. Blake challenged his neighbour Mr. O'Callaghan, to race across country from Buttevant church to Doneraile church some four and a half miles distance and to jump stone walls, ditches and hedges as they presented themselves. By keeping the steeple of the church in sight (steeplechasing) both riders could see their finishing point.
The first traceable use of the phrase point-to-point in connection with a horse race is in Bell's Life on 10 January 1874. A race is described that took place on the 2 January from Sutton-on-the-Forest to Brandsby, held by the 9th Lancers stationed at nearby York. It was won by Langar, ridden by his owner the Hon. E. Willoughby. The first reference to a hunt holding a point-to-point came in 1875, when the Sporting Gazette contained a detailed account of a Monmouthshire Hunt Point-to-point chase held on 12 January from Llansaintfraed to Tykin-under-Little-Skirrid, which Captain Wheeley won easily from his thirteen rivals.
In recent years, pony racing has been staged at British meetings in an attempt to encourage more young riders into point to pointing and national hunt racing.
One of the few remaining point-to-point races run under the original conditions is the New Forest Boxing Day point-to-point, which has a given start and finish point, with riders allowed to choose their own course in-between. This race is run over the open New Forest, with the general area of the finishing point publicised only within the fortnight before the race, and the starting point kept secret until the day of the race itself. It includes races for children and veteran riders. The majority of the races are for riders on purebred New Forest ponies, but some races are open to horses and ponies of other breeds.
Description, Regulations and UK Courses
Point-to-Point races are normally run over a minimum of three miles, but certain races, including some blue riband events (e.g. the 4m Heythrop Men's Open and the 3¼m Lady Dudley Cup) are longer, and Maiden races for young horses (aged four to seven years) can be run over 2½ miles.
Most Point-to-Point courses are laid out on ordinary farm land, although a few are placed on the inside of professional courses such as Bangor-on-Dee racecourse or Hexham.
There are 110 point-to-point courses throughout the United Kingdom divided into nine regions.
- Devon & Cornwall : 15 - Bishops Court, Black Forest Lodge, Bratton Down, Buckfastleigh, Cherrybrook, Flete Park, Great Trethew, Ideford Arch, Kilworthy, Stafford Cross, Trebudannon, Umberleigh, Upcott Cross, Vaulterhill, Wadebridge.
- East : 8 - Ampton, Cottenham, Fakenham, High Easter, Higham, Horseheath, Marks Tey, Northaw.
- Midlands : 14 - Bitterley, Brafield-on-the-Green, Brocklesby Park, Chaddesley Corbett, Clifton-on-Dunsmore, Dingley, Eyton-on-Severn, Garthorpe, Guilsborough, Mollington, North Carlton, Sandon, Thorpe Lodge, Whitfield.
- North : 21 - Alnwick, Aspatria, Charm Park, Corbridge, Dalston, Dalton Park, Duncombe Park, Easingwold, Flagg Moor, Heslaker, Hexham, Hornby Castle, Hutton Rudby, Mordon, Sherriff Hutton, Tabley, Tranwell, Whitcliffe Grange, Whittington, Whitwell-on-the-Hill, Witton Castle.
- Scotland : 4 - Balcormo Mains, Friars Haugh, Mosshouses, Overton.
- South & Central : 4 - Hackwood Park, Kimble, Kingston Blount, Lockinge.
- South : 7 - Aldington, Catsfield, Charing, Godstone, Parham, Penshurst, Peper Harow.
- South West : 26 - Andoversford, Badbury Rings, Barbury, Brampton Bryan, Bredwardine, Charlton Horethorne, Chipley Park, Cold Harbour, Cothelstone, Cotley, Didmarton, Garnons, Holnicote, Kingston St Mary, Larkhill, Little Windsor, Maisemore Park, Milborne St Andrew, Paxford, Siddington, Ston Easton, Treborough Hill, Upper Sapey, Upton-on-Severn, Whitwick Manor, Woodford.
- Wales : 11 - Bangor-on-Dee, Cilwendeg, Howick, Llanfrynach, Llanvapley, Lower Machen, Lydstep, Pentreclwydau, Pyle, Trecoed, Ystradowen.
A three-mile race is almost invariably two circuits of a typical point to point course although there are one or two exceptions (e.g. Larkhill in Wiltshire). Every course must have a minimum number of 18 fences and at least two fences must have ditches. This however can be reduced if certain fences are unfit or unsafe to be jumped (e.g. due to ground conditions or a fallen horse being in the way). The fences are made of birch and are approximately 4 foot 6 inches high.
- Waterman, Jack (1999). The Punter's Friend. Harpenden, Herts, UK: Queen Anne Press. ISBN 1852916001.
- Churchill, Peter, The Sporting Horse - The history, the riders & the rules of popular equestrian sport, Arco Publishing Company, Inc, London, 1976, ISBN 0-85685-139-6
- Peter Stevens, History of the National Hunt Chase 1860-2010, pp. 81-82
- New Forest Point to Point Schedule