Poisk (ISS module)
Poisk (Russian: По́иск; lit. Search), also known as the Mini-Research Module 2 (MRM 2), Малый исследовательский модуль 2, or МИМ 2, is a docking module of the International Space Station. Its original name was Docking Module 2 (Stykovochniy Otsek 2 (SO-2)), as it is almost identical to the Pirs Docking Compartment. Added in 2009, Poisk was the first major Russian addition to the International Space Station since 2001. Poisk is overall the same design as a docking module Pirs. Whereas Pirs has been attached to the nadir ("bottom") port of Zvezda module, Poisk is attached to the zenith ("top"); Pirs is closer to the Earth with the ISS in its usual orientation, and Poisk is on the other side. Poisk is Russian for explore or search. Poisk combines various docking, EVA, and science capabilities. It has two egress hatches for EVA's in addition to the two spacecraft docking ports. Although Poisk is designated as Mini-Research Module 2, it arrived before Mini-Research Module 1 (Rassvet), which had a different design; Poisk looks more like the Pirs docking port, which is not designated as a mini-research module.
Poisk docked to the zenith port of the Zvezda module on November 12, 2009, and will serve as a docking port for Soyuz and Progress spacecraft and as an airlock for spacewalks. Poisk will also provide extra space for scientific experiments, and provide power-supply outlets and data-transmission interfaces for two external scientific payloads to be developed by the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Two spacewalks conducted from the ISS in June 2009, successfully completed activities anticipating Poisk module's future berthing.
On 5 June 2009, during Russian Orlan EVA-22 spacewalk Expedition 19/20 Commander Gennady Padalka and Flight Engineer Michael Barratt installed two Kurs docking antennas, a docking target and electrical connectors on the exterior of Zvezda's Service Module.
On June 10, 2009, during Russian Orlan EVA-23 spacewalk Padalka and Barratt replaced a flat hatch cover in the forward section of Zvezda with a standard conical docking cone cover to allow for Poisk's docking.
On January 14, 2010, cosmonauts Oleg Kotov and Maksim Suraev conducted a spacewalk to outfit the Poisk module to prepare for receiving Soyuz and Progress ships in the future. They deployed antennas and a docking target, installed two handrails and plugged the new module's Kurs antennas into the Kurs docking system circuitry. The spacewalk lasted five hours and 44 minutes.
On January 21, 2010, the module was first used when cosmonaut Suraev and Expedition 22 Commander Jeffrey Williams relocated their Soyuz TMA-16 spacecraft from the aft port of the Zvezda module to the zenith-facing port of the Poisk module. The Soyuz TMA-16 spacecraft undocked from the aft end of the Zvezda service module at 10:03 UTC and backed away to a distance of about 30m (100 feet) from the space station. Undocking occurred as the station flew about 343 km (213 miles) high off the southwest coast of Africa. Re-docking occurred at 10:24 UTC after Suraev fired the Soyuz maneuvering thrusters to fly halfway around the orbiting space station and line up with the Poisk module.
Design and construction
Launch in 2009
The module was launched on November 10, 2009, 2:22 p.m. GMT attached to a modified Progress spacecraft, called Progress M-MIM2, on a Soyuz-U rocket from Launch Pad 1 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. The occasion also marked the 1750th launch of a Soyuz rocket in its various configurations. About eight minutes after launch, the three-stage Soyuz rocket delivered Poisk, to a low-altitude injection orbit. According to NASA Poisk carried about 816kg (1800 pounds) of cargo to the ISS including new Russian Orlan spacesuits, life support equipment, medical supplies and crew hygiene items.
The Progress space tug provided electrical power and propulsion for the Poisk module during its two-day journey to the space station. On 12 November, Progress began its automated final approach to the station on a Kurs rendezvous radar system and at 15:41 UTC Poisk docked to the Zvezda module's zenith port. The docking happened as the space station sailed more than 354km (220 miles) over northern Kazakhstan.
Cosmonauts Maksim Suraev and Roman Romanenko entered the module for the first time by opening the hatch leading into Poisk at 12:17 UTC on 13 November 2009.
The jettisoning of the Progress ship from the Poisk module happened around 8 December 2009. The Progress was destroyed during re-entry into the atmosphere.
|Designation||240GK No. 2L|
|Launch mass||3670 kg ± 50 kg|
|Maximum hull diameter||2.55 m|
|Hull length between docking assembly planes||4.049 m|
|Pressurized volume||14.8 m3|
|Habitable volume||10.7 m3|
|Number of egress hatches (open inward)||2|
|Egress hatch diameter||1 m|
|Mass of delivered cargoes||up to 1000 kg|
False depressurization alarm
False alarms woke the crews aboard space shuttle Atlantis and the Space Station at 01:36 UTC on 20 November 2009 and once again at 02:53 UTC on 21 November. An erroneous indication of a rapid depressurization led to the automatic shutdown of ventilation fans throughout the station, which stirred up dust and led to a false smoke detection alarm in the European Space Agency's Columbus laboratory. Mission control Capcom Frank Lien in Houston told Expedition 21 Commander Frank De Winne it might have originated with the Poisk module.
The other side of Poisk has been attached to the zenith port of Zvezda module
|Soyuz TMA-16||January 21, 2010
|March 18, 2010 |
|Soyuz TMA-18||April 4, 2010
|September 25, 2010|
|Soyuz TMA-01M||October 10, 2010
|March 16, 2011|
|Soyuz TMA-21||April 6, 2011
|September 16, 2011|
|Soyuz TMA-22||November 16, 2011
|April 27, 2012|
|Soyuz TMA-04M||May 17, 2012
|September 16, 2012|
|Soyuz TMA-06M||October 25, 2012
|March 15, 2013|
|Soyuz TMA-08M||March 29, 2013
|September 10, 2013|
|Soyuz TMA-10M||September 26, 2013
|March 11, 2014|
|Soyuz TMA-12M||March 27, 2014
|September 10, 2014|
|Soyuz TMA-14M||September 26, 2014
|March 11, 2015|
|Soyuz TMA-16M||March 28, 2015
|September 11, 2015|
|Soyuz TMA-18M||September 4, 2015
|March 2, 2016|
|Soyuz TMA-20M||March 19, 2016
|September 16, 2016|
|Soyuz MS-02||October 21, 2016
|April 10, 2017|
|Soyuz MS-04||April 20, 2017
|September 2, 2017|
|Soyuz MS-06||September 13, 2017
|February 27, 2018|
|Soyuz MS-08||March 23, 2018
|October 4, 2018|
The Russian Orbital Segment - MRM-2 below upper Soyuz
The location of MRM-2 and other modules on the Russian Orbital Segment
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- "FAWG Planning Manifest" (Press release). NASA/NASASpaceflight.com. 2008-11-17.
- "August 28, 2009. S.P.Korolev RSC Energia, Korolev, Moscow region". RSC Energia. 2009-08-28. Retrieved 2009-09-03.
- Stephen Clark (10 November 2009). "Poisk launches to add new room for space station". spaceflightnow.com. Retrieved 11 November 2009.
- "Success of the 1750th launch of Soyuz". STARSEM The Soyuz Company. November 10, 2009. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
- New Russian module docks to station
- William Harwood (19 November 2009). "Crews awakened by false fire, depressurization alarms". Retrieved 20 November 2009.
- William Harwood (20 November 2009). "Astronauts awakened a second night by false alarms". spaceflightnow.com. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
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