Pokémon Yellow Version: Special Pikachu Edition,[a] more commonly known as Pokémon Yellow Version, is a 1998 role-playing video game developed by Game Freak and published by Nintendo for the Game Boy. It is an enhanced version of Pokémon Red and Blue and is part of the first generation of the Pokémon video game series. It was first released in Japan on September 12, 1998, in Australia and North America in 1999 and in Europe in 2000. Along with the release of Pokémon Yellow, a special edition yellow Pokémon-themed Game Boy Color was also released. Pokémon Yellow is loosely based on the anime.
Pokémon Yellow is an enhanced version of the Game Boy games Pokémon Red and Blue. Like its predecessors, it is a third-person, overhead perspective and consists of three basic screens: an overworld, in which the player navigates the main character; a battle screen; and a menu interface, in which the player configures their party of Pokémon, items, or gameplay settings. The player uses their Pokémon to battle other Pokémon. When the player encounters a wild Pokémon or is challenged by a trainer, the screen switches to a turn-based battle screen that displays the engaged Pokémon. During battle, the player may select one of up to four moves for their Pokémon to use, use an item, switch their active Pokémon, or attempt to flee. Pokémon have health points (HP); when a Pokémon's HP is reduced to zero, it faints and can no longer battle until it is revived. Once an enemy Pokémon faints, the player's Pokémon involved in the battle receive a certain number of experience points (EXP). After accumulating enough EXP, a Pokémon will level up. A Pokémon's level dictates its physical properties, such as the battle statistics acquired, and the moves learned.
Catching Pokémon is another essential element of the gameplay. During battle with a wild Pokémon, the player may throw a Poké Ball at it. If the Pokémon is successfully caught, it will come under the ownership of the player. Factors in the success rate of capture include the HP of the target Pokémon and the type of Poké Ball used: the lower the target's HP and the stronger the Poké Ball, the higher the success rate of capture. The ultimate goal of the games is to complete the entries in the Pokédex, a comprehensive Pokémon encyclopedia, by capturing, evolving, and trading to obtain all 151 creatures. Pokémon Yellow allows players to trade Pokémon between two cartridges via a Game Link Cable, including the previous games Pokémon Red and Blue. This method of trading must be done to fully complete the Pokédex, since each of the games has version-exclusive Pokémon. The Link Cable also makes it possible to battle another player's Pokémon team.
Pokémon Yellow features several enhancements and changes. Including the below-mentioned inclusion of Pikachu as the only available Pokémon to start with, Pikachu is given both a voice and a personality unique from other Pokémon. It follows the player on the overworld, and can be examined by speaking to it by pressing A when the overworld character is facing Pikachu. While it initially has an indifferent opinion of the player, it can grow to love or hate them based on the player's actions; leveling up will keep Pikachu happy, while fainting frequently will make it unhappy. This enhanced feature would be used again in Pokémon HeartGold and SoulSilver, the remakes of Pokémon Gold and Silver, and Pokémon: Let's Go, Pikachu! and Let's Go, Eevee!, the remakes of Pokémon Yellow. There is an area in Pokémon Yellow that features a "Surfing Pikachu" mini-game. In order to play it, players must have a Pikachu who can learn "Surf", a Water-based attack. At the time, players could only accomplish this by winning a contest to get a "Surfing Pikachu". However, if players use their Pikachu from Yellow in Pokémon Stadium and beat a certain mode under the proper circumstances, they are rewarded with the move Surf, which can be used both in battle, out of battle, and in the above-mentioned mini-game. Pokémon Yellow has slightly improved graphics from its predecessors and can print Pokédex entries onto stickers using the Game Boy Printer.
Like Pokémon Red and Blue, Yellow takes place in the Kanto region, which features habitats for 151 Pokémon species. The objectives remain the same as well, though some differences exist along the way. For example, in the beginning, the player is not given an option of choosing one of three starter Pokémon. Instead, a wild Pikachu that Professor Oak catches becomes the player's starter Pokémon, while the rival character takes an Eevee. The plot is loosely based on the Indigo League saga of the anime, and features characters that were not featured in the game or have been enhanced to resemble their designs used in the anime, including Jessie, James, Meowth, Nurse Joy and Officer Jenny. Similar to the anime, Pikachu refuses to evolve. Players are also given the opportunity to obtain the original three starters. As players quest on, they gradually progress catching Pokémon for the Pokédex which they use to defeat the eight Gym Leaders and eventually the Elite Four, all the while battling Team Rocket, a gang devoted to using Pokémon in order to make themselves more powerful. By the time of the encounter with the Elite Four the player has had the opportunity to capture 149 types of Pokémon; in the post-game, after the Elite Four has been defeated, the player may enter Cerulean Cave, where Mewtwo, the final Pokémon in regular gameplay, can be found, battled and captured. The last Pokémon in the Pokédex, Mew, cannot be captured during ordinary gameplay, though exploiting bugs in the game makes this possible.
Pokémon Yellow first began development after the completion of the Japanese-only version of Pokémon Blue, which itself followed the Japanese-only versions of Pokémon Red and Green. It was developed by Game Freak and published by Nintendo for the Game Boy handheld game console.
On April 11, 2020, references to an unknown 'Pink' build for Pokémon Yellow were discovered in its source code after a source code leak, leading many fans to believe that a companion version was meant to be released alongside Yellow. However, it is unknown whether or not there were any plans for a 'Pink' version or what Pokémon would have been its mascot, although it is speculated to be either Jigglypuff or Clefairy.
Pokémon Yellow's release was made to coincide with the release of Pokémon: The First Movie. Future Nintendo president Satoru Iwata later commented that people likely felt Yellow to be unnecessary due to the upcoming release of Pokémon Gold and Silver, which were scheduled to be released in the same year. It was released in Japan on September 12, 1998, in Australia on September 3, 1999, in North America on October 19, 1999, and in Europe on June 16, 2000. A Pikachu-themed Game Boy Color bundle was released in North America on October 25, 1999. To promote the release of Pokémon Yellow, Volkswagen and Nintendo collaborated to create a yellow Volkswagen New Beetle with some its features inspired by Pikachu. Nintendo World Report listed Pokémon Yellow as one of the notable handheld releases in 1999. Pokémon Yellow was the final Nintendo-published title released for the original Game Boy in North America and Europe.
During the Nintendo Direct presentation on November 12, 2015, it was announced that Pokémon Yellow, alongside Red and Blue, would be released for the Nintendo 3DS Virtual Console service on February 27, 2016 to mark the 20th anniversary of the Pokémon franchise. In addition to retaining their original graphics and music, all three games feature local wireless functionality to enable trading and battling with other players due to the 3DS' usage of wireless communication. The game was bundled with a special yellow version of the Nintendo 2DS in Japan. While the international versions of the game was a Game Boy Color title, the Japanese version was only released in its black and white Game Boy format since it was originally released in Japan about a month before the Game Boy Color in that region. The Game Boy Printer features do not work on the 3DS Virtual Console version of Pokémon Yellow. The Virtual Console version is compatible with Pokémon Bank, allowing players to transfer their captured creatures to Pokémon Sun and Moon.
Pokémon Yellow has been well received by critics, holding an aggregate score of 85% from GameRankings based on 16 reviews, making it the fifth highest-rated Game Boy game of all time. Nintendo Power gave it an 8 out of 10, while Game Informer gave it a 6.5 out of 10. Electric Playground gave it a 7.5 out of 10. The Sarasota Herald-Tribune recommended Yellow as a good game for children. RPGFan called it "so revoltingly addictive that any player of it has no choice but to 'catch 'em all'". They also called Yellow "insulting" in how limited the additions from Red and Blue were. IGN's Craig Harris praised the game's mechanics, commenting that Yellow was the best game of the three to start with. He gave it a perfect score.
GameSpot's Cameron Davis called it a "stopgap" to appease players until the release of Gold and Silver, commenting that "the new challenges are enough to fill the hole - but only just". GameDaily's Chris Buffa listed it as one of the best Pokémon games, commenting that while it was a rehash, there was enough that was new to warrant playing. Allgame's Brad Cook commented that for those who didn't play Red and Blue, Yellow was good; but otherwise, he advised that they wait until Gold and Silver. The Daily Telegraph's Steve Boxer commented that while it had good gameplay mechanics, it was held back by the lack of features. He described Nintendo's actions as avaricious, commenting that Yellow "marks the point where Pokémon ceases to become a game and becomes a marketing exercise/obsession-satisfier".
Before its release, Nintendo anticipated that it would make them $75 million in the 1999 holiday season. The Pokémon Yellow Game Boy Color bundle was predicted to be the second most popular toy of the holiday season. Nintendo executive George Harrison predicted that Yellow's sales would exceed 3 million in sales, and would also surpass Donkey Kong 64 in the process, another title anticipated to sell well by Nintendo. In North America the game received roughly 150,000 pre-orders. The bundle debuted at #2 in video game sales and claimed the #1 spot a week later. For the month of December, Yellow was surpassed by both Donkey Kong 64 and Gran Turismo 2. The standard cartridge sold over 600,000 units in its first week and more than one million copies by the next week, becoming the fastest selling handheld game of all time when it was released. Yellow was also the fastest selling Pokémon title in the United Kingdom. Pokémon: The First Movie, a film released around the same time as Yellow, was expected to give it a sales boost. A Nintendo spokesman attributed the high demand for the Game Boy Color during the Christmas season of 1999 to Yellow.
Gwenn Friss of the Cape Cod Times called it one of the hottest items of the 1999 Christmas season, comparing it to popular Christmas toys from previous years such as Furby and Tickle me Elmo. Thomas Content of USA Today reiterated the comparison, commenting that it was "poised to stomp" them. He added that it, along with Red and Blue, were responsible for the boost of Game Boy sales from 3.5 million in 1998 to 8 million in 1999. The Idaho Statesman called it the "hottest new title for the Game Boy Color". Yellow was the third best-selling video game in North America in 1999, with the other four spots occupied by other Pokémon titles. The demand for Yellow resulted in Target to issue an apology for not being able to meet the "unprecedented demand". A survey conducted by CNET also found that none of the stores it contacted had Yellow in stock. A spokesperson for FuncoLand attributed a drop in sales to shortages of both the Game Boy Color and Pokémon Yellow.
Pokémon: Let's Go, Pikachu![b] and Pokémon: Let's Go, Eevee![c] are enhanced remakes of Pokémon Yellow Version, released in November 2018 for the Nintendo Switch. They were aimed at newcomers to the Pokémon series, and incorporate mechanics from Pokémon Go. The games take place in the Kanto region and include only the original 151 Pokémon from the first generation of Pokémon. The ability for Pokémon to accompany the protagonist in the overworld returns, a feature last seen in Pokémon HeartGold and SoulSilver on the Nintendo DS. However, whereas only one Pokémon could be chosen to follow the protagonist previously, they will additionally be accompanied by the starter Pikachu or Eevee in Let's Go, Pikachu! or Let's Go, Eevee!, respectively.
They have combined global sales of over 10 million copies.
- "LC Linked Data Service: Authorities and Vocabularies (Library of Congress)". id.loc.gov. The Library of Congress.
- "Pokémon Yellow Special Pikachu Edition". Pokémon/Nintendo. 10 March 2014. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- "Snag a Surfing Pikachu - GBA News at IGN". Gameboy.ign.com. 7 March 2000. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- Harris, Craig (19 October 1999). "Pokemon Yellow: Special Pikachu Edition". IGN. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- "Pokemon Strategy Guide: Walkthrough". IGN. Archived from the original on 13 September 2008. Retrieved 27 June 2008.
- Cook, Brad. "Pokémon: Yellow Version -- Special Pikachu Edition". Allgame. All Media Group. Archived from the original on 28 July 2009. Retrieved 9 June 2009.
- Hernandez, Patricia (11 March 2014). "Two Incredible Glitches Make The First Pokémon Games Way Easier". Kotaku. Retrieved 19 February 2020.
- "Fans think Nintendo originally planned a Pokémon Pink". Eurogamer. Retrieved 4 August 2020.
- "Pokémon Pink: the Pokémon game on GameBoy that never was?". techradar.com. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
- "Pokemon Pink Rumored to Be Scrapped Companion to Pokemon Yellow". IGN.com. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
- "Iwata Asks - Pokémon HeartGold Version & SoulSilver Version". Nintendo. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- "Pikachu Down Under - GBA News at IGN". Gameboy.ign.com. 31 August 1999. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- "List of Release Dates for Pokémon Yellow: Special Pikachu Edition". Gamewise. Archived from the original on 1 April 2013. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- "Special Edition Pokemon GBC Revealed - GBA News at IGN". Gameboy.ign.com. 14 July 1999. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- "Nintendo Feature: History Of Pokémon Part 2". Official Nintendo Magazine. 17 May 2009. Archived from the original on 6 August 2012. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- "1999: The Year in Review". Nintendo World Report. 7 March 2009. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
- "Nintendo Direct - 11.12.2015". Nintendo. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
- "Timeline of Significant Game Boy Events". Game Boy Essentials. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
- "Pokémon Bank". The Pokémon Company. Retrieved 19 February 2020.
- "Pokemon Yellow Version: Special Pikachu Edition for Game Boy". GameRankings. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
- Cook, Brad. "Pokémon: Yellow Version - Special Pikachu Edition - Review". Allgame. Archived from the original on 14 November 2014. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- Davis, Cameron (19 October 1999). "Pokemon Yellow Version: Special Pikachu Edition Review for Game Boy". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 23 January 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- Craig Harris (19 October 1999). "Pokemon Yellow: Special Pikachu Edition - Game Boy Review at IGN". Gameboy.ign.com. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- "'Donkey Kong', Dreamcast dominate". Google News. Sarasota Herald-Tribune. 16 November 1999.
- "RPGFan Reviews - Pokémon Yellow". Rpgfan.com. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- Chris Buffa (26 August 2008). "Best and Worst Pokemon Games". GameDaily. Archived from the original on 6 September 2008. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- Boxer, Steve (8 June 2000). "Pokémon Yellow". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- "Pokémon Yellow". Academy of Interactive Arts & Sciences. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
- Schoolman, Judith (22 November 1999). "Furby, Pokemon Rule Yule Big Sellers, But Toys Could Be Touth To Find". New York: Nydailynews.com. Archived from the original on 17 December 2010. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- "The Holidays' Top 10 Toys". NewsBank. York Daily Record. 8 November 1998. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012.
- Schoolman, Judith (26 November 1999). "Toy story: Supply problems". Google News. The Free Lance-Star.
- IGN Staff (29 August 2000). "Huge Pokémon Numbers". IGN. Retrieved 8 August 2009.
- "Pokémon Yellow: Special Pikachu Edition". IGN. Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 8 February 2007.
- Jack Schofield (13 January 2000). "Games watch | Technology". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- "Fastest-Selling Computer Game". Guinness World Records 2001. p. 121. ISBN 978-1892051011.
- Jenkins, David (31 July 2007). "Pokemania Transforms UK Chart In Nintendo's Favor". Gamasutra. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- "Pokémon Movie Draws a Crowd". NewsBank. Bradenton Herald. 11 November 1999. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012.
- Pack, Todd (7 November 1999). "Marketing Keeps the Craze Going". Pqasb.pqarchiver.com. Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on 4 November 2012. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- Wasserman, Joanne (22 December 1999). "Game Boy Color frenzy Hot Christmas gift selling out all over town". New York: New York Daily News. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- Friss, Gwenn (17 December 1999). "Toy stores plagued by holiday 'Yellow fever'". NewsBank. Cape Cod Times. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012.
- Content, Thomas (10 November 1999). "Pokémon poised to stomp Elmo, Furby Kids choose to collect 'em all, and marketers are raking in billions". Pqasb.pqarchiver.com. USA Today. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- "Game Boy adds color to popular handheld game". NewsBank. The Idaho Statesman. 26 November 1999. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- "1999's top-selling video games". Pqasb.pqarchiver.com. USA Today. 21 January 2000. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- "Notice". Google News. The Daily Courier. 24 November 1999.
- Wolverton, Troy (6 December 1999). "Cupboards becoming bare for toy e-tailers". CNET News. Archived from the original on 26 October 2012. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- Traiman, Steve (29 January 2000). Shortages Hurt Video, PC Game Sales. Billboard. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- Frank, Allegra (29 May 2018). "Pokémon: Let's Go! is the series' big Switch debut, and it's targeting newcomers". Polygon. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
- "IR Information: Financial Data - Top Selling Title Sales Units". Nintendo. 31 March 2019. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
- Official website (in Japanese)