Pokémon universe

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The Pokémon universe is a fictional continuity construct that exists in stories and works of fiction by video game company Game Freak. The concept of the Pokémon universe, in both the video games and the general nonfictional world of Pokémon, stems from the hobby of insect collecting, a popular pastime which Pokémon executive director Satoshi Tajiri-Oniwa enjoyed as a child.[1] Players of the games are designated as Pokémon Trainers, and the two general goals (in most Pokémon games) for such Trainers are: to complete the Pokédex by collecting all of the available Pokémon species found in the fictional region where that game takes place; and to train a team of powerful Pokémon from those they have caught to compete against teams owned by other Trainers, and eventually become the strongest Trainer: the Pokémon Master. These themes of collecting, training, and battling are present in almost every version of the Pokémon franchise, including the video games, the anime and manga series, and the Pokémon Trading Card Game.


The Pokémon universe takes place in three different locations: the Pokémon world, Deoxy's Unnamed world, and Unknown Dimensions.[2]

Pokémon Earth[edit]

The populations of every core series region counts up to a minimum population of at least 4,052 people in the Pokémon Earth. The Pokémon Earth is the main planet of Pokémon, and it resembles real-world Earth very much. The planet consists of various landforms, bodies of water and sustainable temperature. Towns are built around nature, which is just like Earth's civilizations. The Pokémon Earth is split into large regions that resemble continents: Kanto, Johto, Hoenn, Sinnoh, Unova, Kalos, Alola, and other small regionless islands. Just like real-world Earth, the Pokémon Earth has areas with different biomes like forests, deserts, jungles, and coastal beaches. The Hoenn and the Sinnoh regions boast many dramatic environments ranging from rainforests to deserts. The Pokémon Earth is mainly green and lush, and many wild Pokémon live in grass.[3]

Deoxys' Unnamed World[edit]

Deoxys' unnamed world is a world that exists in another dimension. This world was only shown on anime in Pokémon Ranger - Deoxys' Crisis! (Part 1). In this episode, Deoxys, a Pokémon, hid in the Pokémon world due to a meteor. This meteor's powerful forces hurt Deoxys, and in order to convince Max to help him, Deoxys takes Max to the other dimension. Deoxys had to hide in the Pokémon world because of the force created by the meteor. The geomagnetic forces were too powerful for it to handle and caused it intense pain. Deoxys took Max to another dimension to try to communicate with him about what was causing it pain. After Ash, Brock, May and Solana fight Deoxys to get Max back, Solana use Miltank's Heal Bell to heal him. Deoxys flies away, never to be seen. This world is not seen after these few episodes.[4]

The Other Dimensions[edit]

There are other planes of dimensions in the Pokémon universe. This concept was first introduced in the fourth generation of Pokémon. The tale is that Sinnoh's legendary Pokémons have access to alternate dimensions.[5]

Darkrai's Dimension[edit]

The Unown dimension is an alternate space that is Unown's natural habitat. This dimension made its debut in Spell of the Unknown: Entei. This dimension appears two more times in episode Address Unown! and The Rise of Darkrai. One could transport between Unown Dimension and the real Pokémon Earth through a puzzle box and a portal.[6]

Ghost World[edit]

Also known as the Spirit World, this dimension emits electrical and radio waves and is a shelter of ghost-type Pokémons as well as actual ghosts of Pokémons and people. It first appeared on anime in Ghoul Daze! and reappeared in Scare at the Litwick Mansion. The Reaper Cloth, a held item introduced in Generation IV(4), is from the Ghost World.[7]

Mirror World[edit]

Mirror World is a dimension connected to the Reflection Cave. In this dimension, although everything looks and feels the same as the Pokémon world, humans and Pokémons in this dimension are physically and characteristically opposite. In the Mirror World, the portals to other worlds in the Cave is considered to be a myth. After sunset, people from different dimensions will be trapped in Mirror World forever. Mirror World debuted in The Cave of Mirrors! .[8]

Ultra Space[edit]

Ultra Space is where Ultra Beasts live. This is where Lusamine's final confrontation occurs. It is connected with Pokémon Earth through Ultra Wormholes, which are unstable portals. It made its debut in Pokémon Sun and Moon.[9]


There are several regions that have appeared in the various media of the Pokémon franchise. Each of the seven generations of the main series releases focuses on a new region. Moreover, several regions have been introduced in spin-off games, and one in the Pokémon anime, though most of these are still within the same fictional universe. Usually, the different regions are not accessible from one another via land (or at all within a single game), with the exception being Kanto, which can be accessed from Johto and vice versa in the Pokémon Gold, Silver, Crystal, HeartGold and SoulSilver versions.

Every region consists of several cities and towns that the player must explore in order to overcome many waiting challenges such as Gyms, Contests, and villainous teams. At different locations within each region, the player can find different types of Pokémon, as well as helpful items and characters. Many regions are on separate continents,[citation needed] though many are based on parts of the real-world country of Japan (and the United States/France in the cases of Unova/Kalos). Most regions feature locations that have some significance to the story and are unique in that they have unique properties and usually involve myths.


The Kanto Region is the setting of the first generation of Pokémon games, Pokémon Red and Blue, Pokémon Yellow and their remakes, Pokémon FireRed and LeafGreen. Based on the real life Kantō region of Japan, this setting started the precedent of basing the geography and culture of the game's region on a real world setting. This region is also visited in Pokémon Gold and Silver and their remakes.

This region served as the home of the original 151 Pokémon.


The Johto Region is the setting of the second generation of Pokémon games, which includes Pokémon Gold and Silver, Pokémon Crystal, and their remakes, Pokémon HeartGold and SoulSilver. Again based on an area of Japan, this game's geography is based upon the Kansai, Tokai and eastern Shikoku areas of the country. The game setting draws upon the region's abundance of temples, the architectural design of the Kansai region and its geographical sights, such as Mount Fuji and the Naruto whirlpools.

The Johto Region introduced 100 new Pokémon, but kept Team Rocket as the main antagonists. This generation of the series also started the tradition of having the region's legendary Pokémon on the box art. It also introduced two new Pokémon types, Steel and Dark.


The Hoenn Region is the setting of the third generation of Pokémon games, Pokémon Ruby and Sapphire, and Pokémon Emerald as well as their remakes Pokémon Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire. This time being based on the Japanese island of Kyushu, the real world and game region share an abundance of smaller islands around the main one and a subtropical climate.

Along with 135 new Pokémon species, this setting also introduced two new teams of antagonists; in Ruby and Sapphire, only one of the teams appears as an antagonist. The teams were Team Magma and Team Aqua, respectively, for each game. In Emerald, both teams are antagonists. Along with Sinnoh, this region is known to have the biggest range of various natural environments, such as rainforests and deserts.[3]


The Sinnoh Region is the setting of the fourth generation of Pokémon games, which encompasses the setting of Pokémon Diamond and Pearl, and Pokémon Platinum. It is based on the northernmost island of Japan, Hokkaidō. The region was meant to have a 'northern' feel, with some routes being entirely covered in snow.

The Sinnoh region introduced 107 new Pokémon and the antagonists of this region were Team Galactic. The game also introduced Arceus, a secret Pokémon who serves as the creator deity of the Pokémon universe. Along with Hoenn, this region is known to have the biggest range of various natural environments such as rainforests and deserts.[3]


The Unova Region is the setting of the fifth generation of Pokémon games, which encompassed the setting of Pokémon Black and White, with their sequels Pokémon Black 2 and White 2. For the first time in the main series, the region was based on a region outside Japan, with Unova taking inspiration from New York City, more specifically the island of Manhattan.

The antagonists, Team Plasma, were slightly based on the Knights Templar, though in Black 2 and White 2 they have a pirate motif. The Unova region introduced 156 new Pokémon, the most of any previous region.


The Kalos Region is the setting of the sixth generation of Pokémon games, which is where the games Pokémon X and Y take place. Like generation five, this sixth generation of Pokémon is based on a region not within Japan, being inspired almost entirely by France, with landmarks such as the Eiffel Tower having their own representations here, along with a French style of music and fashion.

This time, the antagonists were Team Flare, and the games also shed some light on the Pokémon Earth history. The region introduced the fewest number of new Pokémon, totaling about 72. This generation introduced the Fairy type and Mega Evolution, which allows certain fully evolved Pokémon to temporarily transform to their full potential.

For the first time in the main series, the games, both the over-world and the Pokémon battles, were in fully-fledged 3D.


The Alola Region is the setting of the seventh generation of Pokémon games in the Pokémon Sun and Moon games. This region is based on the Hawaiian islands, marking the second time a main entry Pokémon game setting has been inspired by a U.S. state. The name itself is a play on the word "aloha," the Hawaiian word for both "hello" and "goodbye." The game's antagonists are Team Skull and Aether Foundation.

Some Pokémon from generation one were reintroduced with new typings and designs, such as Fire types Vulpix and Ninetales now being Ice types. These are known as Alolan variants. This generation introduced 81 new Pokémon (86, with the addition of the 5 new Pokémon introduced in the sequels Pokémon Ultra Sun and Ultra Moon).



According to Sinnoh legends, in the beginning, there was nothing but chaos. Then, at the center of the chaos, an egg appeared, from which hatched Arceus. Arceus then created Dialga, the embodiment of time, Palkia, the embodiment of space, and Giratina, who was banished to another dimension as the embodiment of antimatter. Any trainer who catches Dialga or Palkia can rule space or time. Arceus then created Azelf, Mesprit and Uxie; the spirits of willpower, emotion and knowledge respectively. These three things are known to be traits that each human and Pokémon will possess. At this early time, Mew the ancestor of Pokémon that has genes of all Pokémon, appeared in the universe. After creating the Pokémon Earth, Arceus went into an unyielding sleep.

After Arceus' creation, Groudon, guardian of the land, Kyogre, guardian of the sea, and Rayquaza, guardian of the sky, were born. They are sometimes unofficially known as "the weather trio", as each of these Pokémon possess weather-changing abilities. The clash of these three super-ancient Pokémon was said to have created much of the Earth's surface[10]. Mountain Coronet, the mountain that the Sinnoh region surrounds, was created at this point of time as Regigigas moved landmass to form continents and regions. Stark Mountain and Heatran were also created at this time.

Many years after, the prehistoric era began and the first prehistoric Pokémon came into being. The games state that scientists proved that prehistoric Pokémon roamed the land, as Fossils and other archaeological remains have been found to contain the DNA of Pokémon. It is possible that the Mew population on the planet may have decreased at this stage, as they slowly gave way to other Pokémon species.[11]


According to myths of Sinnoh, Pokémon and people were originally the same species. This theory has not been proven, but it has reappeared many times in Pokémon. Mew is the ancestor of all Pokémon, and the first human recording was in the Stone Age, which is millions of years before the modern era. There is also a scientific evidence that Pokémon are all a single species, and the differences between creatures are subspecies, thus explaining their ability to interbreed.

During the course of a Pokémon's evolutionary development, it may become a different Pokémon. As evolution progresses, generally, a Pokémon adapts different actions and moves, and their body type could also change, although most of the Pokémon still maintain their original type.

Most Pokémon go through evolution throughout their lifetime, but as evolution does not that fast in modern life, it is more accurate to call it a metamorphosis rather than an evolution.[12]

Modern History[edit]

In modern history, the temperature in Sinnoh has dropped dramatically. The three original Pokémon, Dialga, Palkia and Giratina, are later summoned by Team Galactic, although they ultimately failed. A rip in time-space occurs due to this incident, creating a portal to the Distortion World, a timespace dimension that is indicated by the Time-Space Axis in Michina Town. Giratina escapes and becomes the leader of Team Galactic.[3]


Anime, films and specials[edit]

Board games[edit]

Video games[edit]




  1. ^ "The Ultimate Game Freak: Interview with Satoshi Tajiri". Time. November 22, 1999. Archived from the original on March 14, 2005. Retrieved May 22, 2010. , TimeAsia (Waybacked).
  2. ^ "Pokémon universe - Bulbapedia, the community-driven Pokémon encyclopedia". bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net. Retrieved 2017-07-09. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Pokémon world - Bulbapedia, the community-driven Pokémon encyclopedia". bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net. Retrieved 2017-07-09. 
  4. ^ "Deoxys's unnamed world - Bulbapedia, the community-driven Pokémon encyclopedia". bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net. Retrieved 2017-07-09. 
  5. ^ "Dimensions - Bulbapedia, the community-driven Pokémon encyclopedia". bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net. Retrieved 2017-07-09. 
  6. ^ "Unown Dimension - Bulbapedia, the community-driven Pokémon encyclopedia". bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net. Retrieved 2017-07-09. 
  7. ^ "Ghost World - Bulbapedia, the community-driven Pokémon encyclopedia". bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net. Retrieved 2017-07-09. 
  8. ^ "Mirror World - Bulbapedia, the community-driven Pokémon encyclopedia". bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net. Retrieved 2017-07-09. 
  9. ^ "Ultra Space - Bulbapedia, the community-driven Pokémon encyclopedia". bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net. Retrieved 2017-07-09. 
  10. ^ "Weather trio - Bulbapedia, the community-driven Pokémon encyclopedia". bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net. Retrieved 2017-09-05. 
  11. ^ "Pokémon world - Bulbapedia, the community-driven Pokémon encyclopedia". bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net. Retrieved 2017-07-09. 
  12. ^ "Pokémon world - Bulbapedia, the community-driven Pokémon encyclopedia". bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net. Retrieved 2017-07-09.