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|Branch||Portuguese Air Force|
|Type||Air force police, Air Force Infantry, and Air Force Special Forces|
|Role||Defense of the assets, infrastructures, and the surrounding areas of the Air Force Bases|
|Part of||Air Command (Portuguese Air Force)|
(Latin for We respect the principles)
|Engagements||Portuguese Overseas War (1961-1974)|
War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
The Polícia Aérea (P.A., Portuguese for "Air Police") is the military police and ground combat special force of the Portuguese Air Force. The Air Police has as its main symbol the Blue Beret with the Emblem of the Air Force.
The Polícia Aérea has the following main missions, both in Portugal and abroad (namely in support to deployed air assets and units):
- Internal security and immediate defense of the Air Force facilities and sensitive areas;
- Ground-based air defense;
- Internal policing of the units and other bodies of the Air Force;
- Order and security enforcement.
To fulfill these missions, the PA has to maintain combat capability, employing appropriate tactics, specific equipment and war dogs. It has to be able to act both in normal security conditions as in hostile environments created by acts of terrorism, sabotage or nuclear, biological and chemical threat.
When created as an independent branch in 1952, the Portuguese Air Force had no military police or a permanent specialized security force to protect its bases. Initially and when needed, these tasks were entrusted to the National Republican Guard (Portuguese gendarmerie). After 1957, these tasks were transferred to the Military Police of the Portuguese Army.
At the same time, some units of the Air Force created ad hoc police detachments, sometimes referred to as Polícia da Aeronáutica (Aeronautics Police). One of the first of such detachments was the police corps created by the Lajes Air Base, on the May 31, 1955, made up of one officer, one sergeant and 32 airmen.
In the late 1950s, the Portuguese Air Force finally creates a permanent Polícia Aérea (PA, Air Police), establishing the police and close defense flights (EPDP, esquadrilhas de polícia e defesa próxima). Each air base should have one EPDP as part of its internal organization.
The PA force is greatly expanded after 1961, with the beginning of the Portuguese Overseas War and the need to defend the Air Force bases located in the theatres of operation of Angola, Portuguese Guinea and Mozambique. During this War, PA suffered more than 20 dead.
Initially, the EPDP flights were made up of Military Police personnel transferred from the Army to the Air Force. However, after 1963, the PA personnel started to be recruited directly by the Air Force, receiving a specific training at the Tancos Air Base.
In the late 1970s, following the reorganization of the Air Force bases, the former EPDP flights were replaced by the air police squadrons (EPA, esquadras de Polícia Aérea). Each EPA being made up of a headquarters, an operational flight and a support flight.
In 1981, the Corpo de Polícia Aérea (CPA, Air Police Corps) is created, headed by a Colonel or Lieutenant-Colonel, under the direct dependence of the General commanding officer of the Air Force Operational Command. This Corps groups all PA personnel and units under a single organization. The several PA units – although part of the CPA – continued to be integrated into the several Air Force bases organizations. The CPA would eventually be extinct in 1990.
The Polícia Aérea is an occupational speciality of the Portuguese Air Force, whose members are organized in mutually independent PA units, each one being subordinate to the command or base to which is assigned. At the present, no central PA organization exists.
PA field units
The standard PA field unit is the esquadra de polícia aérea (air police squadron), usually each Air Force base having one of such units assigned. Usually, the organization of an air police squadron is the following:
- Operational flight (esquadrilha operacional), including:
- Training sector,
- Ground fire range,
- Criminal investigation teams;
- Support flight (esquadrilha de apoio), including:
- Identification and control sector,
- Equipment and material sector,
- Armament section.
Special forces units
The Núcleo de Operações Táticas de Proteção (NOTP, Core of Tactical Operations of Protection) is the special forces unit of the Portuguese Air Force, being made up of Polícia Aérea members. Until recently, this unit was known as Unidade de Proteção de Força (UPF, Force Protection Unit). The NOTP is charged with missions of force protection, VIP protection and combat search and rescue, as well as other possible classified missions.
Disbanded in 2006 and also made up of PA elements, the Unidade de Resgate em Combate (RESCOM, Combat Rescue Unit) was the former special forces unit of the Portuguese Air Force.
Recruitment and training
The candidates to the occupational specialty of Polícia Aérea receive specific training at the Military and Technical Training Center of the Air Force located at Ota. Depending on the prior qualifications of the candidate, this training lasts 30, 25 or 20 weeks. Officer candidates must hold a bachelor's degree as the minimum prior qualification.
The members of the Polícia Aérea wear the same uniforms of the rest of the members of the Portuguese Air Force, however with a blue beret instead of the standard side or peaked caps. In some occasions, a white brassard with the letters "PA" in blue is used. In the past, a blue helmet with a white stripe and white "PA" letters was used, but this uniform item has been discontinued.
- 7.62×51mm Braço de Prata G3 m/61 assault rifle;
- 7.62×51mm HK417 assault rifle;
- 5.56×45mm Heckler & Koch G36 service assault rifle;
- 9×19mm Taurus submachine gun;
- 9×19mm Heckler & Koch MP5 A3, MP5K and MP5 SD6 submachine gun;
- 9×19mm Heckler & Koch UMP submachine gun (special forces);
- 4.6×30mm Heckler & Koch MP7 A1 personal defense weapon;
- 12.7×99mm M82 Barrett rifle sniper rifle;
- 7.62×51mm Sako TRG-22 sniper rifle;
- 7.62×51mm Heckler & Koch MSG-90 A1 sniper rifle (special forces);
- 7.62×51mm Rheinmetall MG3 general purpose machine gun;
- 12.7×99mm Browning .50 heavy machine gun;
- 5.56×45mm FN Minimi light machine gun (special forces);
- 5.56×45mm Heckler & Koch MG4(special forces)
- 9×19mm Walther P38 service pistol;
- 9×19mm Heckler & Koch USP service pistol;
- 9×19mm Heckler & Koch USP Compact (special forces);
- 9×19mm Ingram Mac 10 (Used by the K9 Group, also called TTCM).
- 40 mm Heckler & Koch HK69 A1 grenade launcher;
- 66 mm M72 LAW m/78 grenade launcher
- 40mm Heckler & Koch AG36 grenade launcher
- C90 Instalaza grenade launcher
- Fabarm STF 12 Shotgun
- "PA - Polícia Aérea - 11º Ano" (in Portuguese). Centro de Recrutamento da Força Aérea. Retrieved 16 June 2014.
- "Núcleo da Proteção da Força" (in Portuguese). Portuguese Air Force. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
- Miguel Machado (27 November 2009). "Afeganistão: Unidade de Protecção da Força em operações" (in Portuguese). Operacional. Retrieved 22 February 2013.