Pola Gauguin (né Paul Rollon Gauguin) (6 December 1883 – 2 July 1961) was a Danish/Norwegian/French painter, art critic and biographer. He was born in Paris and grew up in Copenhagen, lived in Oslo from 1912, and settled in Copenhagen from 1949. He was the son of Paul Gauguin, and a brother of Jean René Gauguin. He married Ingrid Blehr in 1910, and was the father of Paul René Gauguin. The National Gallery of Norway owns five of his paintings, including Fra Homansbyen from 1913 and Mordet from 1916. Among his books are biographies of Henrik Lund, Christian Krohg, Edvard Munch and Ludvig Karsten.
Gauguin spent 19 days at Grini concentration camp in 1941.