|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2015)|
Banwaan nin Polangui
|Municipality of Polangui|
|• English||Municipality of Polangui|
|• Filipino||Bayan ng Polangui|
|• Spanish||Municipio de Polangui|
|• Bikol||Banwaan nin Polangui|
|Nickname(s): Bayan ni Pulang Angui|
|Motto: "Next Level...Progress" (2010-present)|
Map of Albay showing the location of Polangui
|Region||Bicol (Region V)|
|• Mayor||Cherilie M. Sampal (Liberal Party)|
|• Vice Mayor||Raul G. Lim (Liberal Party)|
|• Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Total||145.30 km2 (56.10 sq mi)|
|• Density||570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|Income class||1st class; partially urban|
Polangui is a first class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. It is now a thriving, progressive first-class growth center, considered as the most promising and potential economic destination of the flourishing trade and commercial activities of the Third District of Albay. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 82,307 people, a labor force of 37,247 and 46,586 voting population.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 Formation of Sts. Peter and Paul Parish
- 3 History
- 4 Geography
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Places of Interest
- 7 Festivals and Events
- 8 Local Products and Delicacies
- 9 Economy
- 10 Infrastructure Development
- 11 Transportation
- 12 Communication
- 13 Education
- 14 Public services
- 15 Local Government
- 16 Past Municipal Administrators
- 17 Awards and Recognition Received
- 18 Notable Polangueños (or with Polangui roots)
- 19 Polangui Anthem
- 20 References
- 21 External links
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2015)|
The origin of the name Polangui has many versions. The foremost and seems more accepted version is, "that of a giant robust tree which existed majestically in the early municipal settlement". The natives of the settlement called the "Oyangue", which also served as the early landmark of the area whereby new settlers looked upon in their wandering. Similarly, the early Spanish frontier settlers found this tree and it became their famous settlement landmark. The settlement was then called "Binanuaan" but often referred to as "Oyangue" by nearby settlers. As more settlers came to dwell and engage in various trade endeavors with the indigenous dwellers, the more was the settlement known in distant areas by the name "Oyangue" referring to the tree landmark which was more widely accepted than "Binanuaan". The passing of generations corrupted the word "Oyangue" into several acronyms. Most acceptable and widely used before was "Polangue" and later "Polangui" which has remained today.
Another legend is about the story of a maiden named "Pulang Angui" which means "Red Maria" (Angui is the nickname for Maria) who loved red colors for dress and whose beautiful body, face and red lips became the object of affection by the males to the point of adoration. She was modest in her ways, talented for possessing various skills, with happy disposition, showing love of arts and religion. She would lead the tribe in festivities. When the Spaniards came, the soldiers who first set foot in Polangui asked for the name of the place. The native thought the foreigners was asking for the name of "Pulang Angui" and said so. The Spaniards recorded the name of the place as Pulangui, a concoction of the name which was later on, as years went by, was converted to Polangui.
Formation of Sts. Peter and Paul Parish
Interesting legends on how the parish and town of Polangui came to have been passed on from generation to generation. Certainly, during the early period of the Spanish regime in about 1584, it was believed that trees called "Oyangui" abound all over the land. A priest, Fray Baltazar dela Magdalena came to this place, thus called it "Polangui". It was also then inhabited by approximately 500 people. The Parish was founded by the baptism of 25 elderly citizens. The early church was built in "Binanwaan", a low level area prone to floods. Later, the church was transferred to a higher place, where the present church now exists. The church construction was started in 1654 by Fray Alonzo de San Juan. At that time, the church and the state were governed as one. The priest enacted both as a mayor and pastor. The construction was finished in 1664 under the management of Fray Juan Bautista Marza.
It was then in the early 1800 when significant people and events were recorded. In 1823, Fr. Francisco Armengol was the priest assigned. Five years later, in 1828, Fr. Pedro Regino became in-charge. In the same year, Fr. Santiago de Jesus replaced him. Then Fr. Esteban del Castillo was assigned in the town until 1831.
In 1832, Fr. Jose Arnao became the parish priest until 1852. It was during his administration when roads and bridges were constructed adjoining the town to its neighboring places. Fr. Basilio Castillet was assigned from 1852 to 1855. He was succeeded by Fr. Vicente del Rosario for a short period. Another priest took over- Fr. Francisco Cabrera, who, although stayed only for a short period yet was able to have the first cemetery built.
After the liberation in 1945, Fr. Vidal Rempis became the parish priest. It was during his term when a Catholic school, St. Peter's Academy, was put up inside the church premises in the early 1950s. He was conferred later as "Domestic Prelate" in the early 1960s. Due to the fast growth of parishioners, the barangays of Alnay, Ponso and others was organized as a separate parish (St. Anthony of Padua Parish). With the passing of Fr. Rempis, Msgr. Teodolo Borrero replaced him and served from 1968 to 1974.
The first Polangueño parish priest, Fr. Felix Basquiñez, was installed in 1974. This time, the physical structure of the church needs repair. Also, the Catholic school was closed due to lack of support of the parishioners. Fr. Basquiñez then was instrumental in having the annex on the western part of the church. Much attention was also given to the expansion of the Catholic cemetery. Again, due to the fast population growth in the area, the parish was reduced further with the organization of the barangays Matacon, Santicon and others as a separate parish (St. Dominic of Guzman Parish). Upon his retirement, Msgr. Ernesto Alberto became parish priest from 1985 to 1992. This time, the physical structure of the church was totally renovated as an offering to celebrate the 400 years as community of God.
Upon the retirement of Msgr. Alberto, Fr. Armando Red was assigned pastor from 1993 to 1999. During his term, additional physical structures such as the function hall, rectory, additional priest quarter, mess hall, driveway, toilet, parks, office and others were materialized. For the third time, the area of jurisdiction of tha parish was reduced further upon the organization of the Parish of Lidong (Our Lady of Guadalupe Parish).
From 1999 to 2002, Fr. Cecille Nuñez served as the parish priest. The parish is continuously the center of religious activities. Physical church renovation was done and the construction of the Parish Pastoral Center took place.
Fr. Roberto Crisol succeeded as the parish pastor from 2002 to 2007. During his term, the church had the complete makeup- repainting of the church, refurbishing of the church pews, construction of the side wing of the church, installation of the gallery of saints, construction of the parish patio, and medical-dental mission every month in different barangays of the Parish.
Due to reassignment of Fr. Crisol, Msgr. Crispin Bernarte, Jr. replaced him as parish priest from 2007 to 2010. During his term, the Parish Pastoral Center reached completion. The chapels in both sides of the church, as well as the main altar, was face-lifted by putting a "retablo". It was also during his term that the parish church was named as a "Church of Pilgrimage" in 2009, as part of the worldwide celebration of the Pauline Year (Jubilee Year of St. Paul). Spiritual development of the parishioners was the main thrust of his administration.
From 2010-2012, Fr. Bienvenido Realuyo, Jr. became parish priest. Minor physical renovations were made. The parish started to embrace technology with its improved sound system, as well as the installation of a white screen and LCD projector that serves as guide for the parishioners during mass. The re-structuring of the Catholic cemetery at Barangay Sugcad also took place. The Parish Ossuary was also moved to an acquired lot beside the church, and is still being developed until now.
At present, the parish is under the management of Fr. JC Omar Socrates Vita II. A comprehensive development plan was already laid out and aims to improve the church facade as well as the further development of the Parish Ossuary, with the proposed construction of a pavilion that will serve as a place for gathering during special ecclesiastical events. Improvement of church facilities such as comfort rooms and the church patio was also included.
Spanish Era (1590-1898)
|Inclusive Years||Cura Párroco|
|1590||Fray Baltasar de Los Reyes o de Magdalena|
|1590||Fray Marcos de Lisboa|
|1597||Fray Andres de San Pedro o Colmenar|
|1599||Fray Francisco de Santa Lucia|
|1595||Fray Gaspar Velazquez|
|c. 1620||Fray Juan de Candeleda|
|c. 1610||Fray Luis de San Juan|
|c. 1640||Fray Alonso de San Juan|
|1600||Fray Andres de San Bernardino|
|1616, 1626, 1630||Fray Geronimo Alonso de Las Casas|
|1633||Fray Domingo de los Martires|
|1614||Fray Francisco de Borgus|
|1644||Fray Francisco de Sta. Ana|
|1624||Fray Andres del Sacramento|
|c. 1611||Fray Franciso Morales|
|c. 1650||Fray Juan de Balconete|
|c. 1628||Fray Pedro Ramirez|
|c. 1617||Fray Francisco de San Diego|
|1619||Fray Domingo de San Jose|
|1640||Fray Pedro de Madrid|
|c. 1640||Fray Juan Iranzo|
|c. 1660||Fray Francisco Ortega de la Concepcion|
|c. 1637||Fray Esteban de San Francisco|
|1654||Fray Alonzo de San Juan|
|1665||Fray Juan Bautista Marza|
|c. 1680||Fray Pedro Espallargas|
|1636||Fray Pedro Mondejar o de la Madre de Dios|
|1658||Fray Juan de La Cruz - Melchor Merino|
|c. 1680||Fray Pedro Piqueras|
|c. 1684||Fray Acacio de la Concepcion|
|c. 1669||Fray Francisco del Arroyo|
|1709||Fray Mateo de San Jose|
|1682||Fray Francisco de Calzada|
|c. 1681, 1700||Fray Carlos de Jesus|
|c. 1710||Fray Francisco de Villamiel|
|1709||Fray Francisco de la Madre de Dios|
|c. 1688||Fray Francisco de la Soledad|
|c. 1697||Fray Alonso de San Buenaventura|
|c. 1703||Fray Jose de la Cerda|
|c. 1712||Fray Bartolome del Sacramento|
|1726||Fray Pedro Nolasco Ancias|
|c. 1720||Fray Francisco Blanco|
|c. 1710||Fray Jose de la Virgen|
|c. 1730||Fray Bernardo Caballero|
|1736||Fray Miguel Pueyo|
|c. 1730||Fray Jose Figuerola|
|1737||Fray Julian Martinez|
|1740||Fray Santiago de Jesus Maria|
|c. 1740||Fray Manuel Bonilla de San Antonio|
|c. 1740||Fray Manuel Diaz Cuellar de San Antonio|
|c. 1745||Fray Francisco Rivas|
|c. 1750||Fray Juan Canosa|
|c. 1758||Fray Vicente Polop|
|c. 1760||Fray Gines Antonio Fernandez|
|1762||Fray Jose Hervas|
|c. 1770||Fray Tomas Balaguer|
|c. 1750||Fray Simon de San Pedro Alcantara|
|c. 1775||Fray Juan Duarez|
|c. 1775||Fray Rodrigo Sanchez del Rosario|
|1776||Fray Juan Jadraque|
|c. 1780||Fray Jose de San Buenaventura y Morata|
|c. 1783||Fray Francisco Guillen|
|c. 1798||Antonio Cobo|
|1823 - 1828||Fr. Francisco Armengol|
|1828||Fr. Pedro Hegino|
|1828||Fr. Santiago de Jesus|
|1828 - 1831||Fr. Esteban del Castillo|
|1832 - 1852||Fr. Jose Arnao|
|1852 - 1855||Fr. Basilio Castillet|
|1855 - 1856||Fr. Vicente de los Barrios (Encargado)|
|1856 - 1857||Fr. Francisco Cabrera|
|1857||Fr. Marciano Buenaventura (Encargado)|
|1857 - 1858||Fr. Juan de Toledo|
|1858 - 1867||Fr. Isidro Pons|
|1867 - 1870||Fr. Manuel Crespo|
|1870 - 1872||Fr. Roman Santiago|
|1872 - 1883||Fr. Julian Gutierrez|
|1883 - 1884||Fr. Florencio Cariño (Economo)|
|1884 - 1885||Fr. Damaso Martinez|
|1885 - 1886||Fr. Mariano Maneja|
|1886 - 1888||Fr. Eusebio R. Platero|
|1888 - 1890||Fr. Vicente Sangrador|
|1890 - 1894||Fr. Mateo Atienza|
|1894 - 1898||Fr. Andres Prieto|
|1898||Fr. Mariano Velasco|
Philippine Revolution / End of Spanish Rule (1898-1946)
|Inclusive Years||Parish Priest|
|1898 - 1899||Fr. Julian Calleja|
|1899 - 1905||Fr. Tomas Cariño|
|1905 - 1911||Fr. Juan Ravalo|
|1911 - 1915||Fr. Remigio Rey|
|1915||Fr. Leoncio Dimarumba|
|1915 - 1922||Fr. Dionisio Ballener|
|1922 - 1925||Fr. Leoncio Arejola|
|1925 - 1932||Fr. Leoncio Dimarumba|
|1933 - 1946||Fr. Leopoldo Ragos|
Post-War Period (1946-date)
|Inclusive Years||Parish Priest|
|1946||Fr. Vidal Rempis|
|1968 - 1974||Msgr. Teodolo Borrero|
|1974 - 1985||Fr. Felix Basquiñez (First Polangueño Parish Priest)|
|1985 - 1992||Msgr. Ernesto Alberto|
|1993 - 1999||Fr. Armando Red|
|1999 - 2002||Fr. Cecille Nuñez|
|2002 - 2007||Fr. Roberto Crisol|
|2007 - 2010||Msgr. Crispin Bernarte, Jr.|
|2010 - 2012||Fr. Bienvenido Realuyo, Jr.|
|2012 - present||Fr. JC Omar Socrates Vita II|
Pre-colonial Polangui was a fertile valley cradled by the virgin forests of Mt. Masaraga. It was formed out of five settlements ruled by the Datu of Ponso till the late 1583. The center of the settlements was called “Banwang gurang”, meaning old town and is now known as “Magurang”.
In 1584, Fray Baltazar de la Magdalena, OFM, left Ambos Camarines and stumbled upon this place west of Mt. Masaraga. He found that each of the five settlements had about 100 inhabitants. In the same year, he founded a settlement within the fertile valley and established a ranch, which he called "Binanwaan". Being inland and strategically situated, the town was spared from the frequent raids of sea pirates as well as from the occasional destruction caused by the eruption of Mayon Volcano.
Polangui became a visita, or outreach village under the jurisdiction of the Villa Santiago de Libon, which was established in 1573 by Juan de Salcedo - the grandson of the Spanish conquistador Miguel Lopez de Legazpi. The villa, whih lies southwest of Polangui, would be known as the fourth of its kind in the entire archipelago.
Fray de la Magdalena found the settlements abounding with Oyangui trees, now extinct, and this was how it got to be known as "Polangui". That same year he arrived in the area, he founded a settlement in what is now Binanwaan. From there, he launched his evangelical work starting with the baptism of 25 elderly inhabitants.
He settled in Binanwaan and set up a ranch; the valley was rich and lush in vegetation. Fray de la Magdalena was credited with the founding of Polangui. Old manuscripts in the Archives of Manila and in the Franciscan Convent in Manila point to 1584 as the year Polangui was founded, and thus considered as one of the oldest municipalities in the Philippines.
By 1654, the original settlement became considerably bigger when Fray Alonzo de San Juan, OFM, was assigned in Polangui as "Encargado". The settlement was expanded reaching the present barangay sites in Lanigay, Ponso and Balinad. The town proper was established in Lanigay where a church made of wood was erected adjacent to about 280 wooden dwellings and more than 1,000 nipa huts. Unfortunately, this church together with the dwelling units was razed by a fire to the ground.
With the coming of another missionary, Fray Juan Bautista Marza, a new church made of bricks and stones was completed in 1664. This church stood on a new elevated site and still stands to this day. Under the leadership of Fray Marza, roads and bridges were also initiated and schools were introduced simultaneously with the Christian Doctrine and Spanish culture.
Growth of the settlement was so fast that it became a Poblacion and finally recognized as a Pueblo in 1674. Owing to its steady growth, a link with nearby Libon and Oas became a necessity. Hence, Fr. Jose Arnao, parish priest and Encargado from 1832 until 1852, directed the construction of roads and bridges that would connect Polangui to neighboring towns, including upland Buhi in Camarines Sur.
During Spanish regime, a significant highlight is the construction of its parish church which took 10 years to be completed starting in 1654 by Fray Alonzo de San Juan and completed in 1664 by Fray Juan Bautista Marza.
Polangueño martyr, Camilo Jacob, who is a photographer, was executed in January 4, 1897 with other Bicolanos. They are now commemorated as the Quince Martires del Bicolandia. A year later, the Spanish rule in Bicol ended with the mutiny of Guardia Civil in Naga led by Don Elias Angeles.
Sometime during the Philippine-American War, Polangui became the seat of the Provincial Government of Albay for a brief period of time under then Provincial Governor Domingo Samson. When the Americans conquered Polangui in 1890 without firing a single shot, the form of government went through transition from military to civil government then Commonwealth system. The seat of the municipal government was in Ponso with Don Clemente Sarte as the acting Chief Executive. A few months later, the seat of the municipal government was transferred to Centro Occidental and still remains up to this day.
When the Japanese forces occupied Polangui on December 13, 1941, Cipriano Saunar, then Vice Mayor of the defunct Commonwealth government was appointed Mayor by the Japanese military administration. A secret civil government was established simultaneously headed by Julian Saunar which was supported by the people. Cipriano Saunar’s successor was Manuel Samson Sr and in turn was succeeded by Jesus Salalima who ruled from 1947 to 1960.
It was the people of Polangui’s common-traits-residency and flexibility that spared the town from destructive fury of the Spanish, American and Japanese occupying forces including its share of the national misfortunes such as strong typhoon of 1891 and strong flood of 1873 and also the raging fire of 1876.
Now 430 years from the formal founding in 1584, Polangui has grown to be a 1st class, progressive town covering 44 barangays within the Third District of Albay.
Polangui is located in the northeastern quadrant of the third district of Albay, having a total land area of 14,530 hectares (35,900 acres). It is bounded on the north by the municipalities of Buhi and Iriga City of Camarines Sur province, on the southern part of the municipalities of Libon, Oas and City of Ligao; and on the west by the City of Tabaco and municipality of Malinao. It is about 43 kilometers north of the regional center of the Bicol Region, Legazpi City; 56 kilometers northeast of Naga City and 136 kilometers south of Daet, Camarines Norte.
||Iriga / Buhi, Camarines Sur||Malinao|
|Bato, Camarines Sur||Tabaco|
The municipality of Polangui has a general climate characterized by dry season with a very pronounced maximum rainfall from November to December. Prevailing wind is in the general direction from northeast to southwest.
Polangui has 44 barangays and is politically subdivided into three divisions:
- Poblacion Barangays- 13 member barangays
- Rinconada Area Development Council (RADC)- 11 member barangays
- Upland Area Development Council (UADC)- 20 member barangays
|Barangay||Land Area (has.)||Population
(as of May 1, 2010)
|Agos||298.8375||3,356||Rural||RADC||The old name of this sitio during the early Spanish rule was "Bato Lis Non". On the eastern side of the sitio was Sitio Matakot, or known to be later as Matacon. Because of the difficulty in remembering its former name, visitors and strangers to the sitio would easily remember the wide river that separates the province of Albay and Camarines Sur, the Agos River. Thus, as time passed by, the barangay was named Agos.||A certain Angel Servas was the first Teniente del Barrio to lead a group of 24 households in the early years of Spanish rule. Others to follow were: Antonio Mendoza, Paulino Segui, Vicente Epres, Eustaquio Seda, Pedro General (first to assume the position of Barangay Captain), Felicisimo Cagnayo Sr., and Rogelio Laynes.|
|Alnay||214.8713||2,194||Urban||Poblacion||Unknown||A sitio of Barangay Ponso in the early days, it was a verdant place and home to colorful butterflies, dragonflies and birds hovering on the ricefields and along roadsides.
In the latter part of the 60's, Dr. Esteban Ante (deceased), a landowner, developed his ricefields into a subdivision, thus attracting people to reside in the place. With that development, Councilor Santiago M. Revale passed a resolution creating Alnay as an independent barangay. It was approved and concurred in by the Sangguniang Panlalawigan of Albay, headed then by Governor Felix Imperial.
In December 1971, a special election for the Barrio Council was conducted, with Bonifacio Baldemoro (deceased) winning the election. The councilors were Nilda Boqueron, Bonifacio Caya, Telesforo Alciera, Primo Rosel, Dionisio Salapate, Crisanta S. Ollet. Serving as Barrio Secretary was Emmanuel Aguas and Barrio Treasurer was Manuel Ante Jr.
Others to assume the position of Barangay Captain were Bonifacio Baldemoro (1982), Guillermo Durante (1989, re-elected in 1994), Emilio Duran (1997); Durante re-elected again in 2002.
|Alomon||154.1867||1,167||Urban||Poblacion||As old folks would say, the place was inhabited by people who are very industrious, that even in the evening they work at their farms. There was then a visitor in the barrio, a foreigner, who greeted the workers in the ricefields, and jokingly greeted the bright moon in this way: "Hello Moon!". Thinking that the stranger was naming the place, the residents remembered it as "Hello Moon". As the time passed by, the place was named as Alomon.||During the early years, Alomon was a sitio of Barrio Kinale. It's first Teniente del Barrio was Domingo Satorre, who was responsible for its establishment as an independent barrio in 1972. Those who followed him, and served as Barangay Captains were brothers Jaime Reforsado (elected in 1980's) and Aniano Reforsado.|
|Amoguis||147.1277||518||Rural||UADC||Unknown||As old folks used to tell, there were only three barangays that comprised Polangui then in the year 1654 when Father Alonzo de San Juan founded the pueblo of Binanuaan. Amoguis and several other settlements were part of Barangay Layugay (now known as Lanigay). With the passing of time, these sitios became independent barangays through RA 2370 or the Barrio Charter enacted during the term of President Carlos P. Garcia on June 20, 1959.
Among the prominent residents of Amoguis that served as Teniente del Barrio were the following: Martin Sandagon, Petronio Quirao, Pedro Ced, Antonio Casoco, Benigno Ceneta, Balbino Casoco, Gregorio Caspe and Rodolfo Casoco.
|Anopol||200.3163||1,085||Rural||UADC||The barangay got its name from a vine called "anopol", with the leaves that climb on tall trees and are commonly found along river banks, creeks and natural springs.||Anopol was a former sitio of Barrio Lanigay. It became an independent barrio pursuant to RA 3590 or the Revised Barrio Charter enacted during the term of President Carlos P. Garcia on June 22, 1963. Its first administrator was Bienvenido Cellona.|
|Apad||455.7606||1,323||Rural||RADC||A sitio of Barrio Lanigay during the early years of Spanish rule, it was the center of convergence of several upland sitios namely: Kinuartelan, La Medalla, Upper Santicon, San Roque and several other sitios. During that time, the only means of transportation was the "RailBoss" of the Ferrocarril de Manila-Dagupan (predececcor of the Philippine National Railways). The "railbos" had its terminal located in Apad, thus becoming known as "Parada". As years passed by, the word was corrupted until it became Apad.||A sitio of Barrio Lanigay during the early years of Spanish rule, it was the center of convergence of several upland sitios namely: Kinuartelan, La Medalla, Upper Santicon, San Roque and several other sitios.|
|Balaba||510.3960||1,355||Rural||UADC||Old folks traces the name Balaba from the word "balabag na dalan", or the crookedness of its road due to the steepness of its slope leading to the settlement.||Formerly a sitio of Barangay Balinad, it became an independent barrio in 1967. The late Councilwoman Benigna Calpe was the sponsor of the resolution creating Balaba. First appointed Teniente del Barrio was Carlos Sangat, serving from 1948 to 1951.|
|Balangibang||269.9548||1,600||Urban||Poblacion||Unknown||As with other present barangays of Polangui, Balangibang was a sitio of Lanigay (the mother barangay in the early years of Spanish rule). It was a vast agricultural land owned by the Alsua/Buenviaje and Catalina vda. de Gloria families. With the implementation of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL) during the term of President Diosdado Macapagal, these ricelands were distributed to the tenants tilling the lands.
With the enactment of the Revised Barrio Charter in 1963, Balangibang became an independent barrio. Among those who served as Teniente del Barrio were: Juan Redomag, Leocadio Baylon, Ventura Abarquez (first Barangay Captain), Serafin Arbo and Romeo Abarquez (who was first elected in 1982 and served until 2004).
|Balinad||727.6543||3,032||Rural||UADC||The name Balinad originated from the name of a certain tree called "sorsogon" (locally known as "balinad"), which grew abundantly in the said place. This tree belongs to the second group of industrial trees. It has a sturdy trunk and branches that were easily recognized due to its white bark, oblong, smooth and shiny. It grows tall and straight and thrive for years like other species of trees.||Barangay Balinad is one of the original mother barangays that was established when Polangui was founded.|
|Basud||116.3428||3,408||Urban||Poblacion||As old folks narrated the story, Basud got its name when the earlier farmer settlers backfilled the lower portion of the fields with "basud" (sand). This was the area between the boundary of Polangui and Oas. Large tract of lands were filled with sand in the desire of the farmers to make the area productive. And due to that development, the place was known as Basud.||It is formerly a part of Sitio Ubaliw that belongs to the mother barangay of Lanigay in the early settlement years of Spanish rule. When the center of Pueblo was transferred from Lanigay to the present poblacion, these two (Basud and Ubaliw) became independent barangays.
Prominent personalities that held the position of Teniente del Barrio were the likes of a certain Samonte (first to be appointed Teniente del Barrio), Vicente Saminal, the late Augusto Mella (who was elected Municipal Councilor), Narding Saminal, Eddie Orbe, Evelyn Encisa and Leonides Sabaybay.
|Buyo||220.1116||990||Rural||UADC||The place derived its name from "buyo", a native name of a vine which is an ingredient for making "ikmo" or "nganga", which thrives abundantly in the place.||It was a sitio of mother barangay Lanigay in the early years. It was established as an independent barangay in the year 1946, under the administration of Mayor Manuel Samson, Sr.|
|Centro Occidental (seat of church and government)||191.8234||3,384||Urban||Poblacion||Due to increased development in the area, this former sitio of Lanigay became a barangay of its own and was called Centro Occidental, as it is in the western portion of the Poblacion (centro). It is also popularly called "Ilaod". This is because when people go to the market, they would call it "Iraya" (meaning upstream) and when they go home, they would say "Ilaod" (meaning downstream).||Barangay Centro Occidental is formerly a sitio of Barangay Lanigay. When the latter's settlement was hit by a conflagration in 1654 including the church, the encargado decided to transfer the church to the present site where it stands (now in present-day Centro Occidental). The church, municipal building and the market site were all eventually situated here, so the place was considered the centro of the Pueblo (divided into Centro Oriental or the eastern portion and Centro Occidental or the western portion). It was the center of commerce, seat of government and the center of religious activities.
When the Revised Barrio Charter was enacted in 1963, Centro Oriental and Centro Occidental both became independent barangays. Years later, the Philippine National Railways (PNR) station was constructed at Barangay Basud. It was decided that the public market be transferred near the station. But because the seat of government and the parish church were still in place, Centro Occidental remains the de facto centro of the Municipality of Polangui. As population grew fast, development in the area grew fast too. More residential houses were constructed on the vast track of talahib. Elementary and secondary schools were also established.
|Centro Oriental||29.1172||2,264||Urban||Poblacion||Due to increased development in the area, this former sitio of Lanigay became a barangay of its own and was called Centro Oriental, as it is in the eastern portion of the Poblacion (centro).||When the settlement of Lanigay was hit by a conflagration in 1654 including the church, the encargado decided to transfer the church to the present site where it stands (now in present-day Centro Occidental). The church, municipal building and the market site were all eventually situated here, so the place was considered the centro of the Pueblo (divided into Centro Oriental or the eastern portion and Centro Occidental or the western portion). It was the center of commerce, seat of government and the center of religious activities.
When the Revised Barrio Charter was enacted in 1963, Centro Oriental and Centro Occidental both became independent barangays. Among the personalities who served Centro Oriental as Teniente del Barrio were the following: Mario Salting Sr., Jose Sabaybay and Romeo Benisano.
|Population census of Polangui|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Polangui has a total population of 82,307 (as of May 1, 2010). It has a projected population density of 570 per km2, a labor force of 37,247 and 46,586 voting population (as of 2010).
Language / Dialect
Bikol Polangueño is the main dialect in Polangui. The majority of the population speak/can speak Tagalog and English. Other languages/dialects spoken are Bicolano Viejo and Bikol Rinconada (Agos-Matacon Area)
Christianity is the predominant religion with Roman Catholicism with the biggest practitioners. There are four (4) Catholic parishes in the municipality: Sts. Peter and Paul Parish at Barangay Centro Occidental (main parish), St. Dominic Guzman Parish at Barangay Matacon, St. Anthony of Padua Parish at Barangay Ponso and Our Lady of Guadalupe Parish at Barangay Lidong.
Other Christian denominations are also present in the municipality like Protestants, Baptist, United Pentecostal Church, and Iglesia ni Cristo. Islam and Buddhism also have followers in the municipality.
All of the barangays have their respective patron saints and barangay chapels.
|Barangays||Patron Saint||Feast Day|
|Balaba||San Isidro Labrador|
|Centro Occidental (Poblacion)||San Jose||May 19–20|
|Centro Oriental (Poblacion)||May 9–10|
|Cotnogan||San Isidro Labrador|
|Magurang||San Diego||May 4–5|
|Pintor (Binangbangan)||La Medalla Milagrosa|
|Ubaliw||Sto. Domingo and Our Lady of Lourdes||May 6–7|
Places of Interest
Polangui provides a good view of Mount Mayon. The town hosts various historical and cultural tourism spots and other tourism-oriented recreation centers. Among these are:
- Highlanders Watering Hole Resort is a "back-to-nature" vacation spot, located at Barangay Maynaga. It is 10 kilometers away from the business district of Polangui.
- Danny's Spring Resort at Barangay Balinad
- Kathleen's Paradise Resort at Barangay Agos
- Laka Fuerte Resort (formerly La Oping Swimming Pool and Resort) at Barangay Gabon
- 7 Hills Farm and Resort at Barangay Balinad
- Sabido Park
- Parish Patio
- Kiwanis Children's Park
- Lake Danao Natural Park in Barangay Danao is a small, scenic crater lake, located 15 kilometers from the town proper. It is nestled between Mt. Malinao and Mt. Masaraga. The rare tabios or sinarapan (Mystichtys luzonensis), the world’s smallest fish, is also cultured here. The lake is a 30-minute hike through carabao trails and abaca plantations. Better bring a guide.
- St. Expeditus Eco-Park is part of the Zepeda Leisure Estates, located at Barangay Agos. It's the best place in town to have a close encounter with nature, with its primary activities such as nature trailing, birdwatching, horseback riding and camping, among others.
- Bastian Wildlife Center
Leisure and Sports Parks
- Zepeda Leisure Estates is Polangui's hidden haven. Situated at Barangay Agos, this leisure park offers a variety of amenities and facilities such as the Albay's first golf course, a driving range, a spring resort, camping grounds, lodge cabin, a restaurant, picnic area and a nature trail. Aside from playing golf and throwing in a picnic, available activities also includes pitch and putt, birdwatching and horseback riding.
- Polangui Tennis Club at Barangay Centro Occidental
- JGL Gamefarm at Baranngay Ubaliw
- Salceda Sports Complex at Barangay Centro Oriental
- Polangui Oval at Barangay Centro Oriental (for renovation)
- The Sts. Peter and Paul Parish Church is located at Barangay Centro Occidental. It is one of the oldest Catholic churches in the Philippines, which took 10 years to finish. The church construction was started in 1654 by Fr. Alonzo de San Juan and was finished in 1664 under the management of Fr. Juan Bautista Marza.
- Sto. Entierro Shrine
- Angustia / La Pieta Shrine
- The Pedro Sabido Monument was constructed also as a dedication to former Philippine Senator, Pedro Sabido. He was born in Polangui, Albay on October 19, 1894 to Don Juan D. Sabido and Doña Maximina Ribaya. His monument is located at the Sabido Park, beside the Office of the Sangguniang Bayan. A provincial road, the Pedro Sabido Road, was also dedicated in his honor. It serves as a major transport road which connects the municipality of Polangui to the municipalities of Oas, the City of Ligao and the First District of Albay.
- The Veterans' Memorial was constructed as a dedication to the fallen sons of Polangui who died and shed their blood during the Japanese military occupation in World War II. The memorial is located in front of the Polangui Tennis Club.
- Cristo Rey
- LCC Mall Polangui Event Center
- Polangui Social Pavilion
- Polangui Pastoral Center
- Bicol University Polangui Campus (BUPC) Gymnasium
- Polangui General Comprehensive High School (PGCHS) Students' Pavilion
- Highlanders Watering Hole Resort Function Hall
- JFJ Apartelle at Barangay Magurang
- Nee-Nee's Apartelle at Barangay Magurang
- Highlanders Watering Hole Resort Accommodation Rooms at Barangay Maynaga
- Villa Sarion at Barangay Centro Oriental
- Seaoil Travelodge at Barangay Kinale
Festivals and Events
Polangui Town Fiesta
The Polangui Town Fiesta, started as "Oyangui Festival" in 2003 and later became "Pulang Angui Festival", is an annual celebration of Polangueños during the whole month of June. During this time, a flood of tourists visit the town as Polangueños optimistically await and generously prepare for the month-long celebration as the festivities feature various religious, cultural, social and sports activities that captures the delight, excitement and imagination of the people and visitors during the occasion.
But as the dates June 28 and 29 comes, Polangueños temporarily change the happy to a more serious mood to commemorate the solemnity of the parish patrons, Sts. Peter and Paul through a concelebrated mass. Some elders often prefer to gather at the chapels to lead Novena Masses.
|Year (Edition)||Official Name||Festival Theme||Parochial Theme||Remarks|
|Beyond 2003||Polangui Town Fiesta|
|2003 (419th)||Oyangui Festival 2003||Introduced as Oyangui Festival|
|2004 (420th)||Oyangui Kaugman 2004|
|2005 (421st)||Oyangui Kaogman '05||"Giving Children a Chance"||"The Eucharist: Light & Life of the Church"|
|2006 (422nd)||Oyangui Kaogman '06||"Polangui in the Threshold of Progressive Change"||"Building a Civilization of Love"|
|2007 (423rd)||Oyangui Kaogman 2007|
|2008 (424th)||Pulang Angui Festival 2008||"Polangui: Apple's Eye of Bicol Regional Growth"||"Pagsunod ki Jesus sa Tabang ni San Pedro asin San Pablo"
("Following Jesus with Peter and Paul")
|2009 (425th)||Pulang-Angui 2009||"Growth for Service"||"An Tataramon nin Dios, Buhay asin Misyon kan Simbahan...Sosog sa mga Katokdoan asin Paarog ni San Pedro asin San Pablo"||Excluded "Festival" in the title|
|2010 (426th)||Pulang Angui Festival 2010||"Working Together, Next Level...Progress"||"Kapadean asin Layko: Sarabay sa Pagbabago kan Simbahan"|
|2011 (427th)||Pulang Angui Festival 2011||"Polangui: Bicol's New Cradle of Sustainable Development"|
|2012 (428th)||Pulang Angui Festival 2012||"Building our Legacy through Service, Next Level...Progress"|
|2013 (429th)||Pulang Angui Festival 2013|
|A Festival Night with Mr. and Mrs.||●|
|Amateur Singing Contest
|Animayugo Cosplay Competition||●||●|
|Battle of the Bands||●||●||●||●||●||●|
|Body Building Competition||●|
|Civic and Military Parade||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●|
|Clean and Green Drive||●|
|Gabi ng Kundiman
|Gala Night (Senior Citizens' Night)||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●|
|Ginang ng Polangui
|Group Dance Competition||●|
|Guardians' Night (Philippine Guardians Brotherhood, Inc.)||●|
|Independence Day Program||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●|
|Juan Musical Night||●||●||●||●|
|Lawn Tennis Tournament||●||●||●|
|Little Prince and Princess
|Media Tour at Danao Lake||●|
|Missed Pulang Angui
|Miss Pulang AnGay
|Motorcycle Drag Race||●||●|
|Mountain Bike Challenge
|Musical, Literary and Art Contest||●||●|
|Mutya ng Polangui Senior Citizens||●|
|Mutya ng Pulang Angui
|Palaro ng Bayan||●||●||●|
|Pintakasi sa Polangui||●|
|Reyna Elena ng Bayan||●||●||●||●|
|St. John Festivity||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●|
|Tanduay Rhum Rockfest||●||●|
|Turumbukan (Billiard Tournament)||●||●|
Pulang Angui Festival: Albay's Best Street Dancing Contingent
Tourism and cultural related programs and projects is marked with colors and distinction as the town's "Pulang Angui Festival" garnered 2nd place in Street Dancing and 2nd place in Festival Legend Showdown during the 2008 Magayon Festival of Festivals Showdown. Even though adjudged as the 2nd place winner, the "Pulang Angui Festival" Street Dance contingent was endorsed by the Department of Tourism Regional Office V and the Provincial Government of Albay as one of the official delegates of the Bicol Region to the "Aliwan Fiesta 2009" in Manila where it participated to 3 events namely: Street Dance Parade, Float Parade and Reyna ng Aliwan.
The following year, in 2010, the "Pulang Angui Festival" remained victorious in the Magayon Festival Legend Showdown as they brought home the Championship. The same contingent competed in 2010 Tinagba 8th Gayon Bicol Festival of Festivals Showdown at Iriga City, Camarines Sur, where it bagged the 3rd place after competing with other 9 contingents from various places in the entire Bicolandia. The Polangui contingent was composed of students from the Polangui General Comprehensive High School, trained by some talented and experienced faculty members of the school.
In 2011, "Pulang Angui Festival" emerged again as the Champion in the Magayon Festival Legend Showdown, composed of students from the Bicol University Polangui Campus.
The same feat was done in the 2012 Magayon Festival Legend Showdown, as the "Pulang Angui Festival" bagged the Championship for the third consecutive year. They were also adjudged as the Best in Moving Choreography and Best Festival Queens. This time, it was composed of students from Bicol University Polangui Campus and Polangui General Comprehensive High School.
And in 2013, for the fourth consecutive year, "Pulang Angui Festival" still emerged as the Champion in the Daragang Magayon Festival Legend Showdown. The contingent was composed of students from Bicol University Polangui Campus and Polangui General Comprehensive High School.
Summary of Accomplishments
|Competing Year||Rank and/or Awards||Festival/Event||Delegates||Trainers||Remarks|
|2008||2nd Best in Street Dancing, 2nd Best in Festival Legend Showdown||Magayon Festival of Festivals Showdown||Polangui General Comprehensive High School||Lalaine Reodique, Cherissa Rosa Sampal, Mary Grace Sabareza, Minviluz Sampal||The competition was held on April 26 and showcased different festivals in the Bicol Region. The Street Dancing Competition and the Festival Legend Showdown was judged and awarded separately. Masbate City's Lapay Bantigue Festival was declared Champion, with Pulang Angui Festival close behind at Second Place.|
|2009||(Did not place)||Aliwan Fiesta 2009 / Street Dance Parade, Float Parade and Reyna ng Aliwan.||Bicol University Polangui Campus / Ashley Ann Himor for Reyna ng Aliwan||Carina Sales, Mary Joy Catangui, Dexter Sarte||Did not compete in the Magayon Festival of Festivals Showdown|
|2010||3rd Place||2010 Tinagba 8th Gayon Bicol Festival of Festivals Showdown||Polangui General Comprehensive High School||Lalaine Reodique, Cherissa Rosa Sampal, Mary Grace Sabareza, Marites Saberola, Rosa de los Angeles, Marilou Vega||The competition was held on February 11 at Iriga City, Camarines Sur and was open to all Bicol festivals. Of all 10 competing contingents, Masbate City's Lapay Bantigue Festival emerged as the Champion and Sorsogon City's Sosogon Festival in Second Place.|
|2010||Champion||Magayon Festival Legend Showdown||Polangui General Comprehensive High School||Lalaine Reodique, Cherissa Rosa Sampal, Mary Grace Sabareza, Marites Saberola||The competition was held on April 29 and was limited to Albay festivals only.|
|2011||Champion, Best in Moving Choreography||Magayon Festival Legend Showdown||Bicol University Polangui Campus||Mary Joy Catangui et al.||Albay festivals competed in the Legend Showdown on April 1, while festivals outside Albay competed in the 9th Gayon Bicol Festival of Festivals sa Magayon on April 29.|
|2011||(Did not place)||9th Gayon Bicol Festival of Festivals sa Magayon||Polangui General Comprehensive High School||Lalaine Reodique, Cherissa Rosa Sampal, Mary Grace Sabareza, Marites Saberola, Rosa de los Angeles, Marilou Vega||The competition was held on April 29 and was open to all Bicol festivals, including Pulang Angui Festival. Of all 11 competing contingents, the Tribu Himag-Ulaw of Placer, Masbate emerged as the Champion.|
|2012||Champion, Best in Moving Choreography, Best Festival Queens||Magayon Festival Legend Showdown||Bicol University Polangui Campus and Polangui General Comprehensive High School||Mary Joy Catangui, Christian Ante et al.||The competition was held on April 29 and is limited to Albay festivals only. This year, all 11 contingents are required to enact the Sayaw kan Tulong Bulod (Dance of the Three Mountains).|
|2013||Champion||Daragang Magayon Festival Legend Showdown||Bicol University Polangui Campus and Polangui General Comprehensive High School||Christian Ante et al.||Magayon Festival was changed to Daragang Magayon Festival. The competition was held on April 28 and was limited to Albay festivals only. Again, all 5 contingents are required to enact the Sayaw kan Tulong Bulod (Dance of the Three Mountains).|
Semana Santa (Holy Week)
It is one of the most awaited religious celebrations in Polangui because of its deep religious fervor. The procession of pasos (Holy images) during Viernes Santo (Good Friday) has attracted devotees and local tourist alike because of the colorful and grandiose life-sized rebultos (statues) depicting the Passion of Christ and His resurrection installed on top of ornately decorated and lighter carrozas or cars. Many of the images and sculpture are of great antiquity and of magnificent artistry. Some of them are even centuries-old, like the image of St. Peter which dates back to 1857 as an heirloom piece. Undoubtedly, this is one of Tabaco's most sought after and attended tradition whether to continue a family tradition or as an intense personal devotion.
Karangahan sa Polangui
It is Polangui's adaptation of the month-long celebration of the province's Karangahan sa Pasko: Albay Green Christmas, usually starting during the last week of November throughout December. Karangahan originated from the Bicolano term, ranga, which pertains to a higher level of joy and contentment; a term of endearment.
The festival is aimed at the safety of both families and environment by means of an environment-friendly celebration which can be achieved through continued propagation and adherence to its original campaign which is the "plastic-free, smoke-free and zero casualty" advocacy and objectives of the province.
The "zero casualty" goal is a campaign for "Iwas Paputok" (firecrackers-free) which take effect until the end of New Year while the "plastic-free" goal is a way of encouraging people to use organic and indigenous materials instead for decorations, Christmas trees and all instances of food serving.
Along with the promotion of "zero casualty campaign" is the low-carbon way of celebrating the festival and the proper disposal of solid waste management through total elimination of plastic materials.
A lot of exciting activities usually happen during its celebration and one of the highlights is the presentation and lighting of the giant tree made at the Polangui Social Pavilion which adheres to the goal of "No Plastics-Less Garbage."
Before it was even called Karangahan sa Polangui, Polangueños are already celebrating it as Tia Angui Festival, a concoction of the name of the town's maiden, Angui (Tiya Angui), from which the town derived its name. Likewise, it may be interpreted as tiangge, a local term for "bazaar", which flood the town's public market during Christmas season. Usually, it is a tight gridwork of crowded stalls peddling Christmas decorations, fireworks, fresh fruits, assorted toys, discounted clothes, jewelry, accessories, electronics, and handicrafts, in the hallways and other empty spaces.
Local Products and Delicacies
Kalamay, also spelled Calamay which means "sugar", is a sticky sweet delicacy that is popular in many regions of the Philippines. It is locally known in Polangui as sankaka and is made of coconut milk, brown sugar, and ground glutinous rice. Kalamay can be eaten alone but is usually used as a sweetener for a number of Filipino desserts and beverages.
The town's largest natural producer of sankaka is the Sarilla's Muscovado Milling Facility at Barangay Balaba.
- It is made from glutinous rice cooked in coconut milk, and often steamed wrapped in buli or buri palm (Corypha) leaves. It is usually eaten sprinkled with sugar.
- It is a Bicolano suman made up of ground rice (ordinary or sticky rice), coconut milk, sugar and grated coconut. In other towns, they call it balisongsong.
- It is made up of glutinous rice with coconut cream, wrapped in banana leaves. This is often served as breakfast or merienda, and best paired with hot chocolate or coffee. The term itself, probably came from the root word "butok" or to "tie a knot" as the mouthwatering meal is wrapped and tied in layers of banana leaves in order to confine the flavors inside white it is being cooked. The banana leaves gives a wonderful flavor to the rice.
Sinapot is a local term for maruya. These are sliced bananas dipped in batter, deep fried and dredged in sugar. All are popular street food and is best eaten during merienda.
It is made from grated lukadon (young coconut)/coconut milk, and flour, topped with a mixture of kalamay and brown sugar. Its name is a Bikol term for twisted, as it is usually curled to form an eight much like twisted bread. Like the sinapot, it is also best eaten during merienda.
Of the family Burseracea, pili (Canarium ovatum) is native to the Philippines and can be found in especially in the Bicol region where it is an important crop and source of income of many families. Pili is a versatile nut being used for a variety of products. The nut kernel is the most important product. It can be eaten raw or roasted where its mild, nutty taste and tender-crispy texture can compare with and even found better than an almond.
Pili kernel is also used in chocolate, ice cream, and baked goods. The young shoots and the fruit pulp are edible. The shoots are used in salads, and the pulp is eaten after it is boiled and seasoned. Boiled pili pulp resembles the sweet potato in texture, it is oily (about 12%) and is considered to have food value similar to that of avocado.
Pulp oil can be extracted and used for cooking or as a substitute for cottonseed oil in the manufacture of soap and edible products. The stony shells are excellent fuel or growth medium for orchids and ornamental plants.
Polangui is classified as a first class municipality, having an annual income of at least 55 million.
Its economy is still heavily dependent on agriculture. Major crops include rice, corn, cacao, pili, root crops, vegetables, coconuts and abacá. Poultry and livestock raising are also very much alive.
Banks in Polangui started to grow like mushrooms, same as internet cafes and variety stores. The Philippine National Bank and Legazpi Savings Bank (has a new bank office in front of LCC Mall Polangui), which are the only banks in the town before which are still existing, suddenly found competitors. New banks include the Producers Bank, Banco de Oro (BDO), Land Bank of the Philippines (LBP) and Banco Santiago de Libon (BSDL).
The town's economic activity is further given boost by the opening and existence of major business commercial establishments like a mall- the Liberty Commercial Center (LCC)- Bicol's largest mall chain; and the Novo Asia Jeans and Shirts. Other establishments include Tri-Star Commercial and V5 General Merchandise.
Viably, infrastructure development projects continuously bring livelihood, education and agriculture support mechanism such as the new Polangui Water System (inaugurated by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo herself and Governor Joey Salceda), Farm-to-Market Roads (InfRES Projects), school buildings and facilities (e.g. dormitories, a hospital for nursing students and classroom buildings at BU Polangui Campus), the construction of a new public market building and resettlement projects which just add up to the present local government efforts in promoting and sustaining dynamic delivery of major government to the constituents.
With the progressive development in the area of transportation and communication, the municipality is the crossroad of major land road transportation routes and almost all areas.
Roads are good in Polangui and they are classified as follows:
- National roads - 20 km.
- Provincial roads - 48.47 km.
- Municipal roads - 10.7855 km.
- Barangay roads - 74.826 km.
The nearest airport is in Legazpi City - Legazpi Airport - about 39.1 kilometres (24.3 mi) from Polangui. Four commercial airline companies (Philippine Airlines, Cebu Pacific, Air Philippines, Zest Air) operate in the airport. The construction of the soon Polangui Domestic Airport at Barangay Balangibang is still under negotiation.
There are regular transportation to and from Manila and to the other main cities in the Bicol Region. Some bus companies with stations in Polangui are:
- Cagsawa Travel & Tours
- Gold Line Tours, Inc.
- Raymond Transportation
- RSL Bus Transport Corporation
- DLTB Co.
- Peñafrancia Tours
- Antonina Lines
- Executive Carriers
Other forms of transportation
- There are motorized tricycles with routes to different barangays and neighboring municipalities.
- There are some pedicabs for transportation within the poblacion.
- There are several jeepney routes around the city or to anywhere in the province.
Mode of Access
- By air
- The construction of the soon Polangui Domestic Airport at Barangay Balangibang is still under negotiation.
- By land
- Polangui can be reached through land transport (by bus) from Manila in about 10 hours, two hours less if the new Andaya Highway route is taken. Main routes can be reached through by aircon buses, Garage to Terminal (GT) Vans and FX (location and access to is underway with the new Polangui Terminal), private cars, trimobiles, padyak and motorcycles.
- By train
- As of March 2012, The 10 1/2-hour Mayon Limited started traveling between Manila and Ligao, about 28 kilometres (17 mi) from Legazpi. The Mayon Limited serves this place.
- By water
- Polangui is a landlocked municipality, entirely enclosed by land. The nearest ports available are the Tabaco International Seaport, Legazpi Seaport and Pantao Port in Libon.
Distance from Biggest Cities
- Manila- 307 km
- Quezon City- 304 km
- Davao City- 730 km
- Cebu City- 335 km
- Zamboanga City- 727 km
- Antipolo City- 246 km
- Cagayan De Oro City- 550 km
- Las Piñas City- 299 km
- Taguig City- 294 km
- Zamboanga City- 727 km
- General Santos City- 820 km
- Bacolod City- 298 km
The municipality receives signal from all the major radio stations from Legazpi City and even Naga City in Camarines Sur. But there is one FM Station that originate from the municipality- the Hot FM Polangui DWJJ 97.9 MHz. It broadcasts live updates, news and entertainment.
There is one TV relay station operating in the municipality (ABS-CBN). However, local TVs get strong signals from nearby Legazpi City stations. Cable services are also offered in the area by two companies:
- Dream Cable Television (DCTV)
- Estevez Cable Television (ESTV)
There are two existing telephone lines in Polangui:
Cellular Telephone Sites
The municipality is served by the Philippines' three main mobile phone carriers:
Presently, there are almost 20 Day Care Centers, 3 private pre-schools, 42 public elementary schools, 5 private elementary schools, 7 public high schools, 3 private high schools and 4 tertiary schools in the municipality. This education institutional setup at the present levels of standards is indicative of the literacy rate of the school- age population 10 years old and above- is as high as reflected in the NSO data for the schools in the entire municipality.
Tertiary / Vocational / Technical Education
The municipality has four tertiary schools:
- The Bicol University Polangui Campus (BUPC) is located in Barangay Centro Occidental, and was formerly known as the School for Philippine Craftsmen and offered vocational courses. It was integrated into Bicol University, through R.A. 7722, R.A. 8292 & R.A. 8769, on December 14, 2000 and renamed as Bicol University Polangui Campus. From the five courses offered in 2000, it now offers fifteen courses including BS in Nursing, BS in Computer Engineering and BS in Electronics and Communications Engineering.
- The Polangui Community College (PCC) has four major program offerings: Associate in Hotel & Restaurant Management, Associate in Office Administration, Bachelor in Secondary Education and Bachelor of Science in Agribusiness.
- The Elite Fashion School, which offers technical and vocational courses. It is located at Barangay Centro Oriental, in front of the Land Bank of the Philippines- Polangui Branch.
- The Computer Arts and Technological (CAT) College, which was opened in 2012. It is located at the newly constructed commercial building at Barangay Ubaliw, beside the Polangui Terminal.
Public High Schools
- The Polangui General Comprehensive High School is located in Barangay Centro Occidental, and started as Albay High School Polangui (AHSP) with Mr. Sisenando Reantaso as its first Principal (1948-1953). In 1963, President Diosdado Macapagal signed RA No. 3993 converting the AHSP into a community school, The Polangui General Comprehensive High School (PGCHS), a national secondary school patterned after the comprehensive high school in Detroit, Michigan U.S.A. At present, it is touted as Albay's best public high school, having been a consistent frontrunner in division, regional and national competitions, such as the Sci-Math Competition, Secondary Schools Press Conference, Metrobank-MTAP-DepEd Math Challenge and Intel Philippines Science Fair, among others.
- Ponso National High School
- Matacon National High School
- Magpanambo National High School
- Itaran National High School
- La Medalla National High School
- Lanigay National High School
Private High Schools
- Salle Learning Center at Barangay Centro Occidental
- St. Peter's Academy at Barangay Centro Occidental
- Colegio de Sta. Monica of Polangui, Inc. at Barangay Centro Occidental
Public Elementary Schools
- Polangui South Central Elementary School at Barangay Centro Oriental, along the National Highway. It is the flagship school of the Polangui South District. Its satellite schools are the following:
- Agos Elementary School
- Alomon Elementary School
- Apad Elementary School
- Balangibang Elementary School
- Cotnogan Elementary School
- Kinale Elementary School
- Lanigay Elementary School
- La Medalla Elementary School
- La Purisima Elementary School
- Magpanambo Elementary School
- Magurang Elementary School
- Matacon Elementary School
- Santicon Elementary School
- Salvacion Elementary School
- San Roque Elementary School
- Sta. Teresita Elementary School
- Polangui North Central Elementary School at Barangay Centro Oriental. It is the flagship school of the Polangui North District. Its satellite schools are the following:
- Alnay Elementary School
- Balaba Elementary School
- Balinad Elementary School
- Cepres Elementary School
- Cotmon Elementary School
- Dalogo Elementary School
- Danao Elementary School
- Itaran Elementary School
- Jose S. Duran Elementary School
- Kinuartelan Elementary School
- Lidong Elementary School
- Lourdes Elementary School
- Maynaga Elementary School
- Maysua Elementary School
- Mendez Elementary School
- Napo Elementary School
- Pinagdapugan Elementary School
- Pintor Elementary School
- Ponso North Elementary School
- Ponso South Elementary School
- Sta. Cruz Elementary School
- Sugcad Elementary School
Private Elementary Schools
- Salle Learning Center at Barangay Centro Occidental
- St. Peter's Academy at Barangay Centro Occidental
- Global Vision Excellence School at Barangay Basud
- Polangui SDA Multigrade School at Barangay Basud
- Colegio de Sta. Monica of Polangui, Inc. at Barangay Centro Occidental
Day Care and Pre-School
- Salle Learning Center at Barangay Centro Occidental
- St. Peter's Academy at Barangay Centro Occidental
- Global Vision Excellence School at Barangay Basud
- St. Noah's Learning Center at Barangay Magurang
- Golden Wisdom Proverbial School at Barangay Gabon
The present health services of the municipality are administered by 2 Municipal Health Officers, 2 Public Health Nurses, 1 Medical Technologist, 1 Dentist, and 12 Midwives.
Aside from the Municipal Health Office and Barangay Health Stations, there are 2 Private Hospitals (Isip General Hospital in Gabon and Perillo General Hospital in Magurang), and 14 clinics that provide alternative health services to the population of the municipality. Polangui is equipped with 6 ambulances- 1 in the Rural Health Unit (RHU), 2 in the municipal hall, and 3 in the health station centers in Balinad, Itaran and Matacon.
The Basic Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care (BEmONC) Birthing Facility at RHU-Polangui specializes in maternal healthcare, along with several lying-in and birthing clinics. Polangui's BEmONC Birthing Facility is a PhilHealth-accredited institution and offers free services to cardholders.
A new medical establishment recently opened its doors- the Our Lady of Perpetual Help Diagnostic and Dialysis Center at Barangay Centro Oriental, in front of the Polangui South Central Elementary School. Polangui and Legazpi City are the only ones in Albay who have a dialysis facility.
In dealing with solid waste management, the Municipality of Polangui has adopted the usual means of dumping garbage in an open-pit dumpsite. Garbage is collected from each barangay in the poblacion every Tuesday and Friday. The municipality has four garbage trucks to ensure that the garbage is collected and disposed in the waste disposal site located at Sitio Barobo, about 4-kilometre (2.5 mi) distance from the central business district.
The Polangui Fire Station, Bureau of Fire Protection is located at Barangay Centro Occidental, between the Municipal Hall and the Polangui Police Station. The Polangui BFP is headed by Fire Marshal Insp. Noel N. Peñarubia.
Police & Law Enforcement
Polangui PNP is headed by PSI Jon R. Retumban.
The Polangui District Jail is manned by officers of the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology (BJMP), headed by Jail Warden Sr. Insp. Alfredo R. Ricaford, Jr.
The Albay Electric Cooperative (ALECO) Sub-Station 2 in Barangay Centro Occidental provides electricity to the majority of the town's barangays.
Water supply is managed by the Polangui Water System (inaugurated by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo herself and Governor Joey Salceda) located in Barangay Balinad. Its present service area encompasses the poblacion and some of the other barangays. The rest of the residents, most especially those in the upland and rural areas are still dependent on shallow wells, deep wells or spring-water.
There are 7 cemeteries in the municipality:
- Polangui Catholic Cemetery at Barangay Sugcad
- Our Garden of Faith Memorial Park at Barangay Sugcad
- Polangui Chinese Cemetery at Barangay Sugcad
- Parish Ossuary at Barangay Centro Occidental
- Parish Cemetery at Barangay Lidong
- Parish Cemetery at Barangay Matacon
- Parish Cemetery at Barangay Ponso
Incumbent Municipal Officials (2013-2016)
- Mayor: Cherilie Mella Sampal ‹›
- Vice Mayor: Raul G. Lim ♯
- Councilors (Committee Chairmanships):
- Jesciel Richard S. Salceda +
- May A. Silo ^
- William H. Buendia, Sr. ♯
- Edgar B. Arbo ‹›
- Judith S. Bertillo ‹›
- Vicente Jose Gerard Z. Jaucian ‹›
- Norman E. Sabaybay ‹›
- Edna R. Siguenza ‹›
- ABC President: (vacant) (Committee on Barangay Affairs)
- SK Federation President: Patricia Anne R. Magistrado (Committee on Youth and Sports Affairs)
- Provincial SK Federation President: Raymond G. Salceda
- A + indicates that the official is a new entrant and previously never held any position.
- A ‹› indicates that the official is re-elected to the same position.
- A ♯ indicates that the official is re-elected to a new position. (Raul G. Lim was Councilor in his previous term while William H. Buendia, Sr. was ABC President)
- A ^ indicates that the official previously held a position and was re-elected into office. (May A. Silo was Councilor from 2004-2010 but lost for re-election in 2010)
Department Heads and Line Agencies
- Municipal Secretary: Norberto S. Sabaybay
- Municipal Accountant: Ma. Jimalyn S. Sabater
- Municipal Treasurer: Anna A. Robrigado
- Municipal Planning and Development Officer: Sesinando S. Santayana
- Municipal Budget Officer: Engr. Luz S. Refran
- Municipal Engineer: Engr. Lalaine B. Baldemoro
- Municipal Supply Officer: Samuel R. Saquido
- Municipal Civil Registry Officer: Gina S. Echevaria
- Municipal Assessor: Jun S. Nieves
- Municipal Human Resource Management Officer: Ida P. Reforsado
- Municipal Health Officer: Vivian S. Bustamante
- Municipal Social Welfare Officer: Ma. Victoria F. Garcia
- Municipal Agriculture Officer: Alfredo A. Mariscotes, Jr.
- DILG Officer: Rebecca O. Britanico
- State Auditor IV (COA): Concesa T. Guillem
- Municipal Circuit Trial Court Judge (Polangui-Oas-Libon): Blancaflor V. Joven Salgado
- Election Officer III (COMELEC): Wenceslao P. Reyes
- Revenue Collection Officer (BIR): Rosalie R. Salgado
- Section Head, SSS Polangui Representative Officer: Romeo F. Vale
- Municipal Coconut Coordinator (PCA): Zaldy Rempillo
- Jail Warden: Sr. Insp. Alfredo R. Ricaford, Jr.
- Municipal Chief of Police: PSI Jon R. Retumban
- Polangui Fire Marshal: Insp. Noel N. Peñarubia
- OIC, Department of Agrarian Reform: Roselyn M. Velasco
Past Municipal Administrators
Spanish Regime (1750-1899)
|Inclusive Years||Capitan Municipal|
|1750-1752||Domingo dela Cruz|
|1753-1754||Antonio Sta. Maria|
|1755-1756||Pantaleon dela Vinbria|
|1761-1762||Narciso delos Martines|
|1763-1764||Diego San Agustin|
|1765-1766||Narciso delos Martines|
|1802-1803||Vicente Sto. Domingo|
|1803-1804||Agustin San Pascual|
|1804-1805||Antonio San Pascual|
|1805-1806||Bernabe S. Buenaventura|
|1807-1808||Damaso de Valencia|
|1808-1808||Agustin San Pascual|
|1810-1811||Fernando dela Cruz|
|1811-1812||Agustin San Pascual|
|1812-1813||Francisco S. Agustin|
|1813-1814||Rosendo dela Cruz|
|1814-1815||Remegio San Agustin|
|1820-1821||Manuel San Antonio|
|1821-1822||Pablo delos Angeles|
|1823-1824||Salvador dela Soledad|
|1826-1827||Agustin San Pascual|
|1831-1832||Francisco S. Nicolas|
|1833-1834||Gregorio del Castillo|
|1834-1835||Manuel S. Agustin|
|1835-1836||Miguel San Mateo|
|1836-1837||Miguel Sta. Isabel|
|1837-1838||Miguel Sta. Ana|
|1844-1845||Juan dela Cruz|
|1849-1850||Vicente dela Cruz|
|1850-1851||Camilo Mella Silva|
|1851-1852||Jose Sale Duran|
|1852-1853||Francisco Florin Padie|
|1853-1854||Antonio Sabido Abad|
|1854-1855||Vicente Perez Santanez|
|1869-1871||Valeriano Sarte Duran|
|1873-1877||Policarpio Del Valle|
|1877-1879||Nicomedes Sale Duran|
American Rule (1901-1941)
|Inclusive Years||Municipal President|
|1901-1902||Clemente Sarte (Acting Chief Executive)
Lorenzo Duran (1st Municipal President)
Japanese Occupation (1941-1947)
|Inclusive Years||Municipal Mayor|
|1941-1944||Cipriano L. Saunar (Vice Mayor of the defunct Commonwealth government. Was appointed Mayor by the Japanese government)|
|1944-1947||Manuel A. Samson, Sr.|
Post-War Period (1947-date)
|Inclusive Years||Municipal Mayor||Municipal Vice Mayor||SK Federation President||ABC President||Motto||Remarks|
|1947-1960||Jesus S. Salalima|
|1960-1964||Conrado A. Sabater|
|1968-1981||Conrado A. Sabater||Conrado A. Sabater was only Presiding Officer from 1976 to 1981|
|1981-1986||Irineo T. Sales, Jr.|
|1986-1987||Romeo Gonzales||Honesto S. Borja|
|1987-1988||Honesto S. Borja||Honesto S. Borja took the place as Municipal Mayor after the death of then incumbent Mayor Romeo Gonzales.|
|1988-1998||Rafael A. Lo||Jesus S. Salceda, Sr.|
|1998-2001||Brett Joseph B. Salalima||Norberto S. Sabaybay|
|2001-2010||Jesus S. Salceda, Sr.||Brando M. Sael (2001-2004)
Renato S. Borja (2004-2010)
|Shayne T. Samaniego (2002-2007)
Josue L. Del Villar (2007-2010)
|Jose A. Zamora (2004-2007)
Lito S. Ret (2007-2010)
|"One Polangui. One Town. One People."|
|2010–present||Cherilie M. Sampal||Jesus S. Salceda, Jr. (2010-2013)
Raul G. Lim (2013–present)
Patricia Anne R. Magistrado (2010–present)
|William H. Buendia, Sr. (2010–present)||"Next Level...Progress"||Cherilie M. Sampal was the first female municipal mayor and fifth in Albay (next to Agnes P. Dycoco of Libon, Cielo Krisel L. Luistro of Tabaco City, Linda P. Gonzales of Ligao City and Carmen Geraldine Rosal of Legazpi City)|
Awards and Recognition Received
- National Agri-Pinoy Rice Achiever
-  Awarded by the Department of Agriculture (DA) under its Agri-Pinoy Rice Program during the Awarding Ceremonies held at the Philippine International Convention Center (PICC) in Pasay City last March 15, recognizing the local government’s high-performance in rice production to help achieve rice self-sufficiency by 2013.
- LGU with the Highest TB Case Detection and Cure Rate in Albay
-  Awarded by the Provincial Health Office under its Linking Initiatives and Networking to Control Tuberculosis (TB LINC) Project, in recognition of the municipality's top performance and exemplary achievements in pursuing campaigns and programs to prevent infection and control spread of tuberculosis (TB) in the province, as well as the "committed support to and staunch advocacy of TB control empowering the Municipality of Polangui to post above the rest". The citation, in accordance with the National TB Program (NTP), was conferred during the awarding ceremonies was held last August 29, 2012 at the Pepperland Hotel in Legazpi City.
- Seal of Good Housekeeping for Local Governments
-  Awarded by the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) under its Local Governance Performance Management System (LGPMS), in recognition of the municipality's exemplary performance in internal housekeeping for CY 2011 in the areas of Good Planning, Sound Fiscal Management, Transparency and Accountability, and Valuing Performance Management. The municipality then received a cash incentive of P1 million. The awarding ceremonies held last June 1, 2012 at the La Piazza Convention Center in Legazpi City.
Notable Polangueños (or with Polangui roots)
Politics and Government
- Pedro R. Sabio - Former Philippine Senator, Former Philippine Ambassador to Spain and the Vatican, 3rd District of Albay Former Congressman (1922-1925, 1925-1928, 1928-1931, 1931-1934, 1935–1938, 1938-1941)
- Jose Ma. Clemente "Joey" S. Salceda - Albay Provincial Governor (2007–present), 3rd District of Albay Former Congressman (1998-2001, 2001-2004, 2004–2007), Malacañang Chief of Staff (February 10, 2007 – March 29, 2007)
- Felix Stedja Imperial, Jr. - Former Albay Provincial Governor (1972-1986)
- Efren R. Sarte - Former Congressman, 3rd District of Albay (1987-1992)
- Romeo R. Salalima - Former Albay Provincial Governor (1988-1992, 1992-1994), (Former Congressman, 3rd District of Albay (1995–1998)
- Reno G. Lim - Former Congressman, 3rd District of Albay (2007-2010)
- Brando M. Sael - Former Albay Provincial Vice Governor (2007-2010)
- Harold O. Imperial - Albay Provincial Vice Governor (2010–present), Albay Provincial Board Member (2004-2010)
- Irineo T. Sales, Jr. - Albay Provincial Board Member (2004–present), Former Municipal Mayor of Polangui (1981-1986)
- Herbert S. Borja - Albay Provincial Board Member (2004–present)
- Arnold S. Embestro - Albay Provincial Board Member (2010-2013)
- Carmen Geraldine Barrameda-Rosal - City Mayor of Legazpi (2010-2013)
- Gerry R. Jaucian - Municipal Mayor of Daraga (2010–present)
- Most Rev. Msgr. Joel "Bong" Z. Baylon - Bishop of the Diocese of Legazpi, Former Bishop of the Diocese of Masbate
Beauty and Television Personalities
- Dianne Elaine S. Necio - Binibining Pilipinas International 2011, Binibining Pilipinas 2010 First Runner-up, Miss Tabak 2009, Mutya ng Bicolandia
- Milagros "Lala" Flores - Former supermodel, renowned makeup artist, Supermodel of the Philippines 1990, Asia’s Most Glamorous Model 1994. She is currently the Avon’s Color Creative Consultant.
Entertainment and the Arts
- Reno R. Rayel - Executive Director of Bayan Foundation Inc., a subsidiary of ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corpration
- Jackie Chavez - Singer. Known as the "US Acoustic Gem"
- Restituto "Buboy" Fernandez, Manny Pacquiao's lifelong friend and Filipino trainer. He is married to Polangueña, Mariclear Fernandez.
Polangui's municipal anthem is "Polangui! Polangui!". Its lyrics is by Salvador "Buddy" M. Robrigado, Sr. and the music is by Oscar Reburiano.
Polangui cheers all of us know
The life we dream here long ago
From break of dawn 'til evening glow
We live and work forever true.
Industrious all caring and pure
Polangui's heart never stall
Progress and business for one and all
That we may learn an ardent call.
A city of man as it is now
Our lively town has beckon by
Beautiful ladies, hardworking men
Polangui, Polangui, thy only one.
A place of beauty, commerce and song
She holds us dearly happy and strong
Never to falter amidst a storm
For that's Polangui, Polangui
Polangui serving all.
- "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
- "Province: Albay". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
- Legislative districts of Albay#3rd District
- Joey Salceda
- Chief of Staff (Philippines)