|Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
|• Type||Community development block|
|• Total||110.30 km2 (42.59 sq mi)|
|Elevation||15 m (49 ft)|
|• Density||2,400/km2 (6,200/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||WB-15, WB-16, WB-18|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Hooghly|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Dhanekhali, Saptagram, Chunchura|
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Human Development Report
- 4 Economy
- 5 Transport
- 6 Education
- 7 Healthcare
- 8 References
- 9 See also
Hooghly district forms a part of the flat alluvial plains of the lower Gangetic delta. It lies on the western bank of the Hooghly, a distributary of the Ganges. The river bank of the Hooghly is heavily industrialised. The Dwarakeswar, in the western part of the district, forms the dividing line between the uplands and the plains. It is subsequently joined by the Shilabati to form the Rupnarayan, flowing along the western boundary of the district. The Damodar intersects the district. Human intervention in the form of construction of roads and railways and flood control measures have affected the topography. Urbanisation and industrialisation has altered land use pattern of the district. With a very high density of population (1,601 per km2), about 66% of the population live in the rural areas. In 2001, Hindus formed 83.63% of the population followed by Muslims, who formed 15.14% of the population. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes together constituted 43% of the population.
Polba is located at.
Polba Dadpur CD Block is bounded by Pandua CD Block, in the north, Chinsurah Mogra and Sreerampur Uttarpara CD Blocks in the east, Singur and Haripal CD Blocks in the south and Dhaniakhali CD Block in the west.
Area and administration
Polba Dadpur CD Block has an area of 110.30 km2. Polba and Dadpur police stations serve this CD Block. Polba Dadpur panchayat samity has 10 gram panchayats. The block has 193 inhabited villages. Headquarters of this block is at Barunapur.
As per 2011 Census of India Polba Dadpur CD Block had a total population of 263,555, all of which were rural. There were 133,678 (51%) males and 129,877 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 25,953. Scheduled Castes numbered 94,320 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 30,240.
As per 2001 census, Polba-Dadpur block had a total population of 239,467, out of which 121,193 were males and 118,274 were females. Polba-Dadpur block registered a population growth of 16.32 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Hooghly district was 15.72 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
Large villages in Polba Dadpur CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Paunan (5,003), Polba (6,626), Patna Bhairabpur (4,404), Keshwara (4,608), Gotu (4,021), Puinan (4,449), Uttarbabnan (5,135), Harit (4,170) and Talchinan Sanihati (4,801).
As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Polba Dadpur CD Block was 178,535 (75.14% of the population over 6 years) out of which 98,139 (55%) were males and 80,396 (45%) were females.
As per the 2001 census, Polba-Dadpur block had a total literacy of 48.58 per cent. While male literacy was 68.13 per cent, female literacy was 57.45 per cent.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of
|Arambagh – 79.10|
|Khanakul I – 77.73|
|Khanakul II – 79.16|
|Goghat I – 78.70|
|Goghat II – 77.24|
|Pursurah – 82.12|
|Haripal – 78.59|
|Singur – 84.01|
|Tarakeswar – 79.96|
|Balagarh – 76.94|
|Chinsurah Mogra – 83.01|
|Dhaniakhali – 75.66|
|Pandua – 75.86|
|Polba Dadpur – 75.14|
|Chanditala I – 83.76|
|Chanditala II – 84.78|
|Jangipara – 75.34|
|Sreerampur Uttarpara – 87.33|
|Source: 2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
In 2011 census Hindus numbered 205,399 and formed 77.93% of the population in Polba Dadpur CD Block. Muslims numbered 50,846 and formed 19.29% of the population. Others numbered 7,310 and formed 2.78% of the population.
In 2011, Hindus numbered 4,574,569 and formed 82.89% of the population in Hooghly district. Muslims numbered 870,204 and formed 15.77% of the population. In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.
Human Development Report
|Important Handicrafts of Hooghly District|
Source:District Human Development Report 2010: Hooghly P. 67
The first wave of industrialisation (in Hooghly district, as well as the region) came with the establishment of jute mills along the banks of the Hooghly River long back in the British era. The district has moved from an overwhelmingly rural society with a mere 14.92% of the population living in urban areas in 1901 to a more urban society with 33.47% of the population living in urban areas in 2001. Increasing urbanisation has opened up a broader range of livelihood opportunities. However, in 12 out of the 18 community development blocks in the district the entire population continued to live in the rural areas in 2001. The district presents a unique picture of 12 municipalities surrounded by rural areas.
In the rural areas of the district while 14.95% of the total workers were cultivators, agricultural labourers were 24.31%, thereby indicating the huge pressure on land that outstrips its ownership. In Polba Dadpur CD Block, while cultivators were 19.64% of the total workers, agricultural labourers formed 49.13%. Household workers formed 7.53% and other workers 23.70%. Up to 30.11.2006 a total of 5,260 hectares of vested agricultural land was distributed amongst 71,643 persons in Hooghly district. Amongst different categories of workers engaged in agriculture in Polba Dadpur CD Block 10.48% were bargadars, 8.52% patta (ownership document) holders, 9.89% small farmers, 16.83% marginal farmers and 59.68% agricultural workers in 2001.
Agricultural activities or cultivation is divided into two categories: crop cultivation and plantation (orchards). There is a general belief that plantations are more remunerative. In Polba Dadapur CD Block 72.73% of the land is used for crop cultivation and 6.2% for orchards. In Polba Dadpur CD Block 71.83% of the land is sown more than once. Polba Dadpur CD Block produced 55,300 tonnes of Aman paddy from 20,467 hectares, 37,340 tonnes of Boro paddy from 14,260 hectares, 21,920 tonnes of Jute from 1,172 hectare and 171,700 tonnes of potatoes from 7,385 hectares in 2005-06. In Polba Dadpur CD Block out of the total cultivated area of 21,572 hectares 3,500 hectares is drought prone and 5,051 hectares is flood prone. The highest drought prone areas are in Goghat II and Polba Dadpur CD Blocks. The highest flood prone areas are in Khanakul II, Polba Dadpur and Jangipara CD Block areas. The irrigation system in Hooghly district is based on five rivers: Bhagirathi, Damodar, Mundeswari, Darakeswar and Sankari. Erosion of the river banks of these rivers pose a problem in many areas, particularly the Khanakul area.
Hooghly district has the distinction of all mouzas (villages) being electrified by 2005. In Polba Dadpur CD Block all 194 mouzas were electrified. However, in Polba Dadpur CD Block 45.04% of households owned houses with electricity and 31.95% households owned houses with toilets in 2001.
In the rural areas of Hooghly district there are wide variations amongst the CD Blocks regarding families living below poverty line (BPL). The data provided in the table given below is based on a household survey for BPL list carried out by the state government in 2005.
in CD Blocks of
|Goghat I – 29.97%|
|Goghat II – 17.25%|
|Arambagh – 49.89%|
|Khanakul I – 11.10%|
|Khanakul II – 16.47%|
|Pursurah – 31.51%|
|Chinsurah Sadar subdivision|
|Dhaniakhali – 31.85%|
|Pandua – 34.30%|
|Balagarh – 11.19%|
|Chinsurah Mogra – 15.99%|
|Polba Dadpur – 28.54%|
|Tarakeswar – 18.62%|
|Haripal – 27.56%|
|Singur – 18.39%|
|Jangipara – 32.05%|
|Chanditala I – 9.07%|
|Chanditala II – 8.98%|
|Sreerampur Uttarpara – 7.59%|
District Human Development Report:
Hooghly, 2010, page 89
Polba Dadpur CD Block had 1,600 hectares of canals. In Polba Dadpur CD Block 1,150.90 hectares was the nett area under effective pisiculture and 3,441 persons were engaged in the profession. Approximate annual production in 2003-04 was 48,747.2 qtl. In 2003-04 Polba Dadpur had 105.25 km of surfaced roads under PWD, 190.50 km surfaced roads under Zilla Parishad and 260 km unsurfaced roads under Zilla Parishad.
This is a rich agricultural area with several cold storages. Though rice is the prime crop of the district, the agricultural economy largely depends on potato, jute, vegetables, and orchard products. Vegetable is a prize crop in the blocks of Haripal, Singur, Chanditala, Polba and Dhaniakhali being grown in a relay system throughout the year. Though potato is cultivated in all the blocks of this district Dhaniakhali, Arambagh, Goghat, Pursurah, Haripal, Polba–Dadpur, Tarakeswar, Pandua and Singur contributed much of its production of this district.
Polba Dadpur CD Block has 7 originating/ terminating bus routes.
In 2003-04, Polba Dadpur CD Block had 200 primary schools with 26,441 students, 6 middle schools with 6,330 students, 25 high schools with 14,653 students and 3 higher secondary schools with 1,502 students. Polba Dadpur CD Block had 241 institutions with 7,029 students for special and non-formal education.
Polba Dadpur CD Block had 4 health centres, 46 clinics and 3 dispensaries with 33 beds and 10 doctors in 2003.
- "District Human Development Report: Hooghly". Chapter I / Page 1, 3 - Published 2011. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
- "Polba-dadpur Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- "Map of Hooghly district". District Profile. Hooghly district administration. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
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- "District Statistical Handbook – 2008 – Hooghly" (PDF). Table 2.1. Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
- "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Hooghly – Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
- "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
- "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
- "Hughli (Hooghly) Dustrict: Census 2011 data". 2016 Digital Trends. Census Population 2015 Data. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
- "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- "Polba-Dadpur". Local Self-government. Hooghly Zilla Parishad. Retrieved 2011-08-04.
- "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
- "District Human Development Report: Hooghly". Pages - 31-40, 57, 60, 62-65, 73, 82, 225, 226-227. Published 2011. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- "District Statistical Handbook – 2004 – Hooghly" (PDF). Tables 3.1, 4.4, 4.5, 8.2, 18.2, 18.4, 21.1, 21.2. Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- "List of functioning Cold Storage of West Bengal District wise as on 18.01.07". West Bengal State Marketing Board. Retrieved 2009-01-28.
- "Intensive cropping with remarkable feature of Hooghly District". Retrieved 2009-01-28.