Pole for Freedoms

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Pole for Freedoms
Polo per le Libertà
Leader Silvio Berlusconi
Other leaders Gianfranco Fini
Pier Ferdinando Casini
Founded 1996
Dissolved 2001
Preceded by Pole of Freedoms,
Pole of Good Government
Succeeded by House of Freedoms
Political position Centre-right[1][2]
Politics of Italy
Political parties

The Pole for Freedoms (Italian: Polo per le Libertà) was a centre-right political and electoral alliance in Italy, which was active from 1996 to 2001. It included Forza Italia (FI), the National Alliance (AN), Union of the Centre (UdC), Christian Democratic Centre (CCD) and the United Christian Democrats (UCD).[3]

The Pole for Freedoms was formed as a continuation of the Pole of Freedoms and Pole of Good Government coalitions, which had both supported the leadership of Silvio Berlusconi at the 1994 general election: the Pole of Freedom was constituted by Forza Italy and Lega Nord, the Pole of Good Government by Forza Italia and the National Alliance. After that, Lega Nord left the coalition at the end of 1994, the centre-right was forced to reform itself: in 1995, in occasion of the regional elections, an organic alliance was formed. In 1996 it was officially named "Pole for Freedoms" and debuted in the 1996 general election; however, it was defeated by the centre-left alliance The Olive Tree, whose leader was Romano Prodi.

The Pole for Freedoms was in opposition to the centre-left governments (of Prodi, Massimo D'Alema and Giuliano Amato) until 2001, when, after the rapprochement with the Lega Nord, became the House of Freedoms (CdL). The new CdL coalition won the 2001 general election and remained in government until the following general election in 2006.


  1. ^ Mario B. Mignone (1 January 2008). Italy Today: Facing the Challenges of the New Millennium. Peter Lang. p. 58. ISBN 978-1-4331-0187-8. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Vittorio Vandelli (2014). 1994-2014 Berlusconi’s new ventennio. Vittorio Vandelli. p. 189. ISBN 978-605-03-2890-5. 
  3. ^ Daniela Giannetti; Bernard Grofman (2011). A Natural Experiment on Electoral Law Reform: Evaluating the Long Run Consequences of 1990s Electoral Reform in Italy and Japan. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 21. ISBN 978-1-4419-7228-6.