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Polestar Performance AB
Founded1996; 23 years ago (1996)
HeadquartersGothenburg, Sweden
Key people
Thomas Ingenlath (CEO)
  • High performance Electric engines & cars
ParentVolvo Cars
Websitewww.polestar.com Edit this on Wikidata
Polestar 1
Polestar 2
Volvo 850 Super Touring

Polestar is the Volvo Cars performance company and brand, based in Gothenburg, Sweden. Polestar develops electric performance cars, high-performance cars based on Volvos and offers technical and cosmetic upgrades to enhance Volvo models. Until 2015, Polestar Performance was a division of Polestar along with the Polestar racing team.[1] and prototypes.[2] Volvo announced in July 2015 that it had purchased Polestar Performance. The racing team will remain under the direction of Christian Dahl,[3] changing name from Polestar Racing to Cyan Racing. A close cooperation with Polestar is maintained with Cyan Racing becoming official motorsport partner to Polestar, the Volvo Cars performance brand.[4]

In June 2017, Volvo announced Polestar would begin producing high-end electric performance cars under its own name and badge, to compete with brands such as Tesla Motors.[5]

Historical overview[edit]

  • 1996: Flash Engineering was founded in Sweden to race the Volvo Touring Cars in the Swedish Touring Car Championship (STCC). The first car was the Volvo 850 Super Touring, build by Tom Walkinshaw Racing (TWR)
  • 1998: Volvo S40 Super Touring, build by Tom Walkinshaw Racing (TWR), was used to race the team
  • 2003: Volvo S60 S2000, originally build by Prodrive and further developed by Flash Engineering, was used to race the team
  • 2004: Flash Engineering was purchased by Christian Dahl
  • 2005: Flash Engineering was rebranded to Polestar
  • 2009: Volvo C30 S2000 is the first complete raceproject by Polestar. In this year Polestar became official Volvo partner to modify existing Volvo model, under the brand Polestar Performance. The racing division is called Polestar Racing
  • 2010: Polestar introduces the Volvo C30 Polestar Concept, their first road car
  • 2012: Polestar introduces the Volvo S60 Polestar Concept, their second road car
  • 2013: Volvo S60 Polestar and Volvo V60 Polestar are the first production road cars
  • 2015: Polestar Performance and Polestar brand are purchased by Volvo, Polestar Racing remains owned by Christian Dahl and is rebranded to Cyan Racing
  • 2017: Volvo announces that Polestar will develop high-performance electrical cars under the Polestar brand. Polestar will be positioned as an independent car manufacturer. The logo of the company changes slightly: the cross with a little round in the middle is replaced by 2 arrows. In October, Polestar introduced their first own model: Polestar 1.
  • 2019: Polestar unveils its first volume production car, the Polestar 2.



Production cars[edit]

Polestar produces under the label Polestar Engineered Cars performance road cars based on Volvo models. The chassis and suspension are enhanced, as are the drive-train and engine, steering, wheels and brakes. The interior and exterior get a sportier make-over.

Polestar also offers its own models under the Polestar brand. The first Polestar branded car was introduced on 17 October 2017: Polestar 1, a luxurious 2+2 coupé inspired by Volvo's Concept Coupé introduced in 2013 which includes influences from the legendary Volvo P1800. The drivetrain is a plug-in hybrid of an ICE and electromotors, with a combined power output of 450 kW (600 hp) and 1,000 N⋅m (740 lbf⋅ft) of torque, vectored by two rear 80 kW (110 hp) motors. The car has a 34 kWh (46 hp⋅h) battery and a range of 150 km (93 mi) in pure electric mode. The Polestar 1 will be built in a new purpose-built Polestar Production Centre in Chengdu, China,[6] from 2019 at a rate of up to 500 per year, and applied mainly as subscription rather than sale.[7] Polestar announced that the Polestar 2 will be available in 2019, a mid-sized battery-electric vehicle (BEV). It was unveiled on 27 February 2019 at the Geneva Motor Show.[8] The initial phase of the Polestar product roll out will then be completed by the subsequent arrival of a larger SUV-style BEV, the Polestar 3.[9]

Concept cars[edit]

Polestar produces prototype cars as well, with the first and most famous being the C30 Polestar Performance Concept Prototype (2010) with over 450 bhp and 510 Nm.[10]

The Volvo S60 Polestar Concept is the heir to the C30 Polestar, featuring 508 BHP from a modified T6 engine, launched in June 2012.[11] The car sprints from 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) in 3.9 seconds with a top speed of over 300 km/h (190 mph).[12] American car magazine Motor Trend tested the car at Mazda Raceway Laguna Seca where it broke the lap record for four-door cars, matching the lap time of an Audi R8.[13]

Introduced Model Type Engine Drive-train
2009 Volvo C30 Polestar Concept[14] concept 5-cylinder, 2500 cc, turbocharged, 451 PS AWD, 6-speed manual
2012 Volvo S60 Polestar Concept[15] concept 6-cylinder, 3000 cc, turbocharged, 508 PS AWD, 6-speed manual
2013 Volvo S/V60 Polestar production 6-cylinder, 3000 cc, turbocharged, 350 PS AWD, 6-speed auto
2016 Volvo S/V60 Polestar Drive-E production 4-cylinder, 1969 cc, turbocharged, 367 PS AWD, 8-speed auto
2017 Polestar 1 production 4-cylinder, 1969 cc, plug-in hybrid, 600 PS AWD, 8-speed auto
2018 Volvo S60 T8 Polestar Engineered production 4-cylinder, 1969 cc, plug-in hybrid, 415 PS AWD, 8-speed auto
2019 Polestar 2 production EFAD + ERAD combined output 300 kW 1-speed fixed gear

Performance parts[edit]

Polestar offers different parts under the label Polestar Engineered Parts, to style and enhance Volvo cars. Exterior and interior can be styled and upgraded which can also give the vehicle better performance. These parts are spoilers, diffusors, lowering sets, exhaust, wheels, interior trims, ..

Performance optimisation[edit]

Under the label Polestar Engineered Optimisation, Polestar offers enhancements for Volvo cars which deliver better performance. Examples are engine optimisations with retained warranty and unchanged fuel consumption and emissions. The engine optimisation increases the power and torque output, varying depending on engine model. The response of the throttle can be modified and the character of the transmission is tweaked.


Polestar has been working with Volvo since 1996, starting with racing Volvo cars and being involved in the development of race cars. Nowadays Polestar and Cyan Racing are teaming as Polestar Cyan Racing to race Volvo's and develop high-performance parts.

In 2014, Polestar has been involved in the development of a V8 powered Volvo S60 that is raced by Garry Rogers Motorsport in the Australian V8 Supercars series.[16] Robert Dahlgren was seconded to Australia in 2014 as part of this programme and pulled out in the end of 2016.[17]

Race cars

Years active Model Constructor Homologation Engine Drive-train Weight
1996–1997 Volvo 850 Super Touring TWR Super Touring 5-cylinder, 2000cc, N/A, 295 hp FWD, 6-speed sequential 975 kg
1998–2002 Volvo S40 Super Touring TWR Super Touring 5-cylinder, 2000cc, N/A, 317 hp FWD, 6-speed sequential 975 kg
2003–2007 Volvo S60 S2000 Prodrive/Polestar S2000 5-cylinder, 2000cc, N/A, 280 hp FWD, 6-speed sequential 1165 kg
2008–2011 Volvo C30 S2000 Polestar S2000 5-cylinder, 2000cc, N/A, 290 hp FWD, 6-speed sequential 1159 kg
2011–2013 Volvo C30 S2000 1.6T Polestar S2000 1.6T 4-cylinder, 1600cc, turbocharged, 340 hp FWD, 6-speed sequential 1164 kg
2012–2016 Volvo S60 STCC Solution-F/Polestar TTA 6-cylinder, 3500cc, N/A, 420 hp RWD, 6-speed sequential 1150 kg
2014–2016 Volvo S60 V8SC Garry Rogers Motorsport/Polestar COTF 8-cylinder, 5000cc, N/A, 650 hp RWD, 6-speed sequential 1400 kg
2016- Volvo S60 Polestar TC1 Cyan Racing TC1 4-cylinder, 1600cc, turbocharged, 400 hp FWD, 6-speed sequential 1100 kg

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Volvo S60 Polestar Limited Edition". www.polestar.com. Polestar AB. 2013. Archived from the original on 27 August 2013. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  2. ^ "Polestar Performance gives your Volvo more performance". Polestar AB. Archived from the original on 18 April 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
  3. ^ Christina Zander (14 July 2015). "Volvo Buys 100% of Swedish Car-Tuning Company Polestar". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  4. ^ "History | Cyan Racing". www.cyanracing.com. Cyan Racing. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  5. ^ Michael Cantu (21 June 2017). "Polestar Spins off of Volvo, Will Build Electrified Performance Cars". www.motortrend.com. MotorTrend. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  6. ^ Fred Lambert (17 October 2017). "Volvo's Polestar unveils performance electric car, announces new 'Tesla Model 3 competitor'". Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  7. ^ Marius Valle. "Avduket i dag: Slik blir de elektriske sportsbilene fra Volvo" [Unveiled today: This is what will be the electric sports cars from Volvo] (in Swedish). Teknisk Ukeblad. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  8. ^ Roberto Baldwin (27 February 2019). "The stylish Polestar 2 takes on the Model 3 with a 275-mile range". Engadget. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  9. ^ "Polestar unveils its first car – the Polestar 1 – and reveals its vision to be the new electric performance brand". www.media.volvocars.com. Volvo Car Corporation. 17 October 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  10. ^ Richard Yarrow (24 May 2010). "Volvo C30 Polestar review". www.evo.co.uk. Dennis Publishing Ltd. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  11. ^ Johan Meissner (7 June 2012). "Polestar presents Volvo S60 Polestar at the TTA Gothenburg City Race". ttagroup.se. Touring Car Team Association. Archived from the original on 19 November 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
  12. ^ "Polestar presents Volvo S60 Polestar performance concept". Polestar AB. Archived from the original on 18 April 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
  13. ^ Ron Kiino (8 January 2013). "Volvo S60 Polestar Track Test - 'Vette, Viper, Volvo?". www.motortrend.com. Pictures by William Walker. MotorTrend. Archived from the original on 10 January 2013. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  14. ^ "Polestar to become the new electrified performance brand for Volvo Cars". www.polestar.com. Polestar AB. 2017. Archived from the original on 8 July 2017. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  15. ^ "Polestar to become the new electrified performance brand for Volvo Cars". www.polestar.com. Polestar AB. 2017. Archived from the original on 8 July 2017. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  16. ^ Stefan Bartholomaeus (17 June 2013). "Volvo launches V8 Supercar campaign in Brisbane". www.speedcafe.com. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  17. ^ Stefan Bartholomaeus (16 January 2014). "Robert Dahlgren confirmed for Volvo V8 seat". www.speedcafe.com. Retrieved 27 February 2019.

External links[edit]