Poliçan

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Poliçan
Poliçan.jpg
Official logo of Poliçan
Poliçan is located in Albania
Poliçan
Poliçan
Coordinates: 40°36′44″N 20°5′53″E / 40.61222°N 20.09806°E / 40.61222; 20.09806
Country Albania
CountyBerat
Government
 • MayorAdriatik Zotkaj (PS)
Area
 • Municipality272.20 km2 (105.10 sq mi)
Elevation
256 m (840 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Municipality
10,953
 • Municipality density40/km2 (100/sq mi)
 • Municipal unit
4,318
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal Code
5403-5404
Area Code(0)368
WebsiteOfficial Website

Poliçan (definite Albanian form: Poliçani) is a city and a municipality situated in south-central Albania. It was formed at the 2015 local government reform by the merger of the former municipalities Poliçan, Tërpan and Vërtop, that became municipal units. The seat of the municipality is the town Poliçan.[1] The total population is 10,953 (2011 census),[2] in a total area of 272.20 km2.[3] The population of the former municipality at the 2011 census was 4,318.[2] Historically, Polican has been part of Berat County except from 1978 to 1991 when city was made part of Skrapar due to political pressure from the regime at that time. It was established as an industrial center.

Geography[edit]

The city is situated 256m above sea level, but the proximity with the Osum river maintains a typical Mediterranean climate, with all the four seasons accentuated. Poliçan is surrounded by several hills, said from which the name is derived. Its neighbourhoods include Plirez, Pronovik, Kalluc, Poligon, Lavdar and City center.

History[edit]

The city was built in the 1960s by the Communist government with the purpose of creating an industrial town for the production of weapons and munitions.

It was long regarded as a "ghost" town because little was revealed for security reasons about the place and its industrial activities.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

The economy of the town is concentrated in the weapons industry although with the fall of the communist regime in 1990 it caused production to collapse. The industrial sector is also active through a small factory for the production of beer.[citation needed]

Agricultural activities include the production of wheat, maize, beans and vegetables.

In the surrounding hills olives, chestnuts, nuts, figs, cherries and grapes are also cultivated. Grapes are mainly produced for raki. There is also a greenhouse of 0.5 km2.

Notable people[edit]

Below are notable personalities born in Poliçan or that spent most of their lives in Poliçan:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Law nr. 115/2014" (PDF) (in Albanian). p. 6366. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Population and housing census - Berat 2011" (PDF). INSTAT. Retrieved 2019-09-25.
  3. ^ "Correspondence table LAU – NUTS 2016, EU-28 and EFTA / available Candidate Countries" (XLS). Eurostat. Retrieved 2019-09-25.