|Elevation||4 m (13 ft)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Dialing code||(+39) 0974|
Policastro Bussentino (or simply Policastro; formerly Bussentino, Latin Buxentum) is an Italian hamlet (frazione) and former bishopric (now titular see) in the municipality of Santa Marina (even of its seat) in the province of Salerno, Campania region.
- The town was founded in 471 BC as Pixunte (or Pixous), a colony of Magna Graecia.
- It has been a Latin Rite bishopric twice, as Bussento and as Policastro, and remains a Catholic titular see as Capo della Foresta.
- During the fascist period, with the union of municipalities of Ispani and Santa Marina, Policastro became a hamlet of Capitello.
The town is located on the southern side of Cilento, not too far from the national park, in the middle of its Gulf of Policastro on the Tyrrhenian Sea. Situated by the estuary of river Bussento it is far 10 km (north) from [Sapri]], 5 from Santa Marina, 4 from Scario (hamlet of San Giovanni a Piro), 25 from Marina di Camerota (hamlet of Camerota) and almost 90 from Salerno. The nearest villages by the sea are Capitello (hamlet of Ispani, far 2 km) and Villammare (hamlet of Vibonati, far 4 km).
Policastro attracts visitors, especially in summer, due to the quality of its water, its rural surroundings and a good rail link and for camping.
The railway station is situated in the middle of the town, by the main line Rome-Naples-Reggio Calabria-Palermo/Catania. Regional trains run every hour. The town recently inaugurated (2006) as the final track of national road SS18, which runs from Salerno - Battipaglia - Paestum - Agropoli - Vallo della Lucania - Palinuro to Sapri. Policastro has another carriageway, a variation of SS 517 that reaches Padula and the A2 Motorway exit Padula-Buonabitacolo, via Sanza.
Bishopric of Bussento
- Established in the sixth century as Diocese of Bussento (Italian) / Buxentum (Latin) / Buxentin(us) (Latin adjective)
- Suppressed in the seventh century, without direct successor.
Bishopric of Policastro
- TO ELABORATE
- On 24 March 1058.03.24 the territory of the defunct bishopric was reassigned to establish the Diocese of Policastro, which became a suffragan of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Salerno
- Suppressed on 1986.09.30, merging title and territory into the thus renamed Diocese of Teggiano-Policastro, where its Marian former cathedral remains the Co-Cathedral: Concattedrale di S. Maria Assunta Concattedrale di S. Maria Assunta, dedicated to the Assumption of Mary.
(all Roman Rite)
- Suffragan Bishops of Bussento
- very incomplete
- Rustico (501? – 502?)
- Sede vacante (592)
- Sabbazio (649? – ?)
- Suffragan Bishops of Policastro
- TO BE WRITTEN
The diocese was nominally restored in 1966 as Latin Titular bishopric of Capo della Foresta (Curiate Italian) / Buxentum (Latin) / Buxentin(us) (Latin adjective).
It has had the following incumbent Titular bishops of Capo della Foresta, so far of the fitting Episcopal (lowest) rank :
- Francisco Cedzich, Divine Word Missionaries (S.V.D.) (born Poland) (1968.05.11 – death 1971.12.23) as Bishop-Prelate of Territorial Prelature of Alto Paraná (Paraguay) (1968.05.11 – 1971.12.23)
- Desiderio Elso Collino (1972.01.21 – 1972.11.07) as Auxiliary Bishop of Archdiocese of Rosario (Argentina) (1972.01.21 – 1972.11.07); later Bishop of Lomas de Zamora (Argentina) (1972.11.07 – retired 2001.04.24), died 2002
- José María Márquez Bernal, Claretians (C.M.F.) (1973.10.10 – resigned 1977.11.03) as Bishop-Prelate of Humahuaca (Argentina) (1973.10.10 – retired 1991.02.20), died 1995
- Dominic J. Khumalo, Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate (O.M.I.) (1978.02.27 – death 2006.04.27) as Auxiliary Bishop of Archdiocese of Durban (South Africa) (1978.02.27 – retired 1999.03.02) and as emeritus
- Joseph Karikkassery (2006.11.25 – 2010.12.18) as Auxiliary Bishop of Archdiocese of Verapoly (India) (2006.11.25 – 2010.12.18); later Bishop of Kottapuram (India) (2010.12.18 – ...)
- Eugenio Andrés Lira Rugarcía (2011.02.24 – 2016.09.22) as Auxiliary Bishop of Archdiocese of Puebla de los Ángeles (Mexico) (2011.02.24 – 2016.09.22) and Secretary General of Conferencia del Episcopado Mexicano (C.E.M.) (2012.11.14 – 2016.04.06); later Bishop of Matamoros (Mexico) (2016.09.22 – ...)
- Carlos Tomás Morel Diplán (2016.12.14 – ...), as Auxiliary Bishop of Archdiocese of Santiago de los Caballeros (Dominican Republic) (2016.12.14 – ...)
In 1970 was shortly established a duplicated Latin Titular bishopric of Buxentum (Latin), which was suppressed already in 1974, having had a single incumbent, not of the fitting Episcopal - but of (higher) Archiepiscopal rank :
- Titular Archbishop Miho Pušic (1970.06.06 – 1972.05.10) as emeritate; previously Bishop of Hvar–Brač–Vis (Croatia) (1926.06.21 – 1970.06.06) and Archbishop ad personam (1940.12.19 – 1970.06.06).
- List of Catholic dioceses in Italy
- Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park
- List of ancient Greek cities
- Magna Graecia
- Santa Marina
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Policastro.|
- Gulf and town of Policastro (IT)
- Policastro on Cilento portal (IT)
- GCatholic - former bishopric of Buxentum and titular see of Capo della Foresta
- GCatholic - former titular see of Bussento
- GCatholic - Co-cathedral of Bussento
- Bibliography - ecclesiastical history
- Antonio Tortorella, Breve cronografia ragionata della diocesi di Teggiano-Policastro, Annuario diocesano 2004-2005, pp. 25–32
- Cronotassi dei vescovi di Policastro (from Luigi Tancredi, Policastro Bussentino, La Buona Stampa, Naples, 1978)
- Rocco Gaetani, L'antica Bussento, oggi Policastro Bussentino e la sua prima sede episcopale, in Gli studi in Italia, V (1882), pp. 366–383
- Francesco Lanzoni, Le diocesi d'Italia dalle origini al principio del secolo VII (an. 604), vol. I, Faenza 1927, p. 323
- Giuseppe Cappelletti, Le Chiese d'Italia della loro origine sino ai nostri giorni', vol. XX, Venice 1866, pp. 361–362 e 367–377
- Vincenzio d'Avino, Cenni storici sulle chiese arcivescovili, vescovili e prelatizie (nullius) del Regno delle Due Sicilie, Naples 1848, pp. 537–539
- Ferdinando Ughelli, Italia sacra, vol. VII, second edition, Venice 1721, coll. 542-560
- Paul Fridolin Kehr, Italia Pontificia, vol. VIII, Berlin 1935, pp. 371–372
- Norbert Kamp, Kirche und Monarchie im staufischen Königreich Sizilien. Prosopographische Grundlegung. Bistümer und Bischöfe des Königreichs 1194-1266. 1. Abruzzen und Kampanien, Munich 1973, pp. 470–476
- Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, pp. 912–913
- Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. 1, p. 404; vol. 2, pp. 217–218; vol. 3, p. 277; vol. 4, pp. 283–284; vol. 5, pp. 318–319; vol. 6, p. 343