Police Investigations and Review Commissioner
|Formed||1 April 2013|
|Type||Executive non-departmental public body|
|Headquarters||Hamilton House, Hamilton Business Park, Caird Park, Hamilton, ML3 0QA|
|Parent agency||Scottish Government|
Scotland in the UK and Europe
The Police Investigations and Review Commissioner (PIRC) is the executive non-departmental public body of the Scottish Government responsible for investigating complaints by members of the public against Police Scotland; and the Scottish operations of the National Crime Agency, British Transport Police, Civil Nuclear Constabulary, Ministry of Defence Police, and HM Revenue and Customs.
On 1 April 2013, the Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Act 2012 brought together Scotland's eight territorial police services, the Scottish Crime and Drug Enforcement Agency and the Scottish Police Services Authority into the new national police service, Police Scotland. At the same time the remit of the Police Complaints Commissioner for Scotland expanded to include investigations into the most serious incidents involving the police. To reflect this change, the Police Complaints Commissioner for Scotland was renamed the Police Investigations & Review Commissioner.
In June 2014 Kate Frame was appointed as the new Police Investigations and Review Commissioner, taking up the post in August.
The PIRC have previously been criticised for using 'oppressive and dehumanising tactics' as part of its investigations by the body which represents police officers in Scotland, who stated that its members were fast losing confidence in the 'effectiveness and genuine independence' of the organisation. This was raised at a meeting of the Justice Committee of the Scottish Parliament.
In May 2018, prominent lawyer Aamer Anwar called on the Commissioner Kate Frame to resign after claiming that organisation had failed to adhere to its values of integrity, impartiality and respect in relation to the investigation into the death of Sheku Bayoh.
Remit and jurisdiction
The PIRC provides independent scrutiny of how police bodies respond to complaints from members of the public.
- "About us". Police Investigations and Review Commissioner. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- "Commissioner for scrutiny of police named". The Herald. 12 June 2014. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
- "Scotland's police union says police watchdog 'treats officers like suspects'". Daily Record. January 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- "Inquiry into death of Sheku Bayoh dubbed a 'national disgrace' as family launch case against police". Daily Telegraph. May 2018. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- "A guide for the public on the role of the Police Investigations & Review Commissioner". Police Investigations and Review Commissioner. August 2014. Retrieved 12 October 2014.
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