Police National Computer

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The Police National Computer (PNC) is a database used by law enforcement organisations across the United Kingdom and other Non-Law Enforcement Agencies. Originally set-up in 1974 to store information on criminals,[1] it now consists of several databases available 24 hours a day, giving access to information of national and local matters.[2] As of 18 January 2021, Kit Malthouse said that there are 13 million person records,[3] 58.5 million driver records, and 62.6 million vehicle records stored on the PNC.[4] The PNC is currently directly managed by the Home Office. Between 2007 and 2012, it was maintained by the National Policing Improvement Agency (NPIA) which inherited the activities of the now disbanded Police Information Technology Organisation (PITO).


Since its inception in 1974, the PNC has undergone numerous changes that were gradually introduced. Most notably was in 1995 with the introduction of the Phoenix (Police and Home Office Enhanced Names Index),[5] this format has been retained to this day.[1]

The PNC is based on a Fujitsu BS2000/OSD SE700 mainframe with recent PNC applications held on UNIX servers. There are around 26,000 directly connected terminals and 25,000 terminals which are connected via local police force computer systems. The mainframe is connected to the end user by a multitude of ways, for high volume users (i.e. other police forces) via secure IP network, for low volume users a secure dial-up link provided by Cable & Wireless. Another connection method is via an X.25 packet-switched network; this method is being phased out. Databases for vehicles and driver licences are copied from the DVLA databases in the early morning (there is no service loss when an update is in progress). The mainframe server is located at the Hendon Data Centre with back-up servers located around the UK.

In 2005 the only back-up server was located next to Hertfordshire Oil Storage Terminal in Buncefield, which was the scene of a major civil emergency when it burned to the ground in December 2005. According to the Home Office the location had been assessed as low-risk notwithstanding that the site was 100 yards (91 m) from a disaster hazard and the site and its surroundings burned to the ground.[6]


Requests for access to PNC are decided upon by the PNC Information Access Panel (PIAP). The members of the panel are the National Police Chiefs' Council (NPCC), the Association of Police Authorities, and the Home Office. Delegated or subcontracted users exist.

Organisations with full access:

Other organisations have restricted access to names file only.

PIAP has defined the following organisations as non-police and has agreed that authorised users within these organisations can have Names file only access commensurate with their previously stated and agreed business needs.

Non-police organisations with access to PNC:[7]

Non-Police Organisation Read and write access Read-only access Access to PHOENIX/names index
Access Northern Ireland -
Association of Chief Police Officers -
Belfast Harbour Police Unknown Unknown Unknown
Belfast International Airport Constabulary Unknown Unknown Unknown
Cambridge University Constabulary Unknown Unknown Unknown
Canterbury Cathedral Close Constables Unknown Unknown Unknown
Charity Commission for England and Wales -
Chester Cathedral Constables Unknown Unknown Unknown
Children and Family Court Advisory and Support Service -
Civil Nuclear Constabulary -
College of Policing -
Competition and Markets Authority -
Criminal Cases Review Commission -
Defence Vetting Agency Unknown Unknown Unknown
Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Unknown Unknown Unknown
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Unknown Unknown Unknown
Department for Transport Unknown Unknown Unknown
Department for Work and Pensions -
Disclosure and Barring Service -
Disclosure Scotland -
Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency - -
Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency -
Environment Agency -
Epping Forest Keepers Unknown Unknown Unknown
Falmouth Docks Police Unknown Unknown Unknown
Financial Conduct Authority -
Financial Services Authority Unknown Unknown Unknown
Foreign and Commonwealth Office Unknown Unknown Unknown
Gangmasters and Labour Abuse Authority -
G4S Unknown Unknown Unknown
Hampstead Heath Constabulary Unknown Unknown Unknown
Health and Safety Executive -
Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services -
Her Majesty's Prison Service -
Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs -
Highways England - -
Hillingdon Parks Patrol Service Unknown Unknown Unknown
Home Office -
House of Commons -
House of Lords -
Independent Office for Police Conduct -
Kew Constabulary Unknown Unknown Unknown
Larne Harbour Police Unknown Unknown Unknown
Liverpool Cathedral Constables Unknown Unknown Unknown
Marine Management Organisation -
Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency -
Mersey Tunnels Police -
Ministry of Justice (Jury Vetting) -
Ministry of Justice (Warrant Enforcement) -
National Air Traffic Services -
National Assembly for Wales -
NHS Counter Fraud and Security Management Service Division -
Natural Resources Wales -
Office for Civil Nuclear Security Unknown Unknown Unknown
Office of Fair Trading Unknown Unknown Unknown
Parks Police Service Unknown Unknown Unknown
Port of Bristol Police Unknown Unknown Unknown
Port of Dover Police Unknown Unknown Unknown
Port of Felixstowe Police Unknown Unknown Unknown
Port of Liverpool Police -
Port of Portland Police Unknown Unknown Unknown
Port of Tilbury Police -
Post Office -
Royal Mail -
Scottish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals -
Serious Fraud Office -
States of Jersey Customs and Immigration Service -
Tees and Hartlepool Port Authority Harbour Police Unknown Unknown Unknown
The Insolvency Service -
Thurrock Council -
Trading Standards -
UK Security Vetting -
UK Visas and Immigration Unknown Unknown Unknown
Vehicle and Operator Services Agency Unknown Unknown Unknown
Wandsworth Parks and Events Police Unknown Unknown Unknown
York Minster Police Unknown Unknown Unknown


PNC contains several separate databases; these include:

  • Names File: This contains a large amount of information about people who have been convicted, cautioned or recently arrested (referred to as 'nominals' on the PNC). This includes links to fingerprints and DNA. (The PNC is a text only computer so no graphical information is stored; photos that are taken whilst in custody have information relating to their location so enquiries can be made to obtain a copy of them). Nominals can be placed on the PNC as 'Wanted/Missing' if they are sought in connection with a crime, on warrant and failed to appear at court, AWOL from military service or reported missing. All recent previous arrests and convictions will appear on PNC as well as any impending offences; full disposal history is also included which will show the sentence handed down for each offence. Numerous other items of information are also stored including all previous addresses, co-defendants, local intelligence, marks/scars and descriptions.
  • Vehicle File: Provides details on the registered keeper of a motor vehicle, as well as storing other information from the DVLA as to the vehicle's status (Tax Expired, V23 Submitted, Stolen, Chassis Number, Engine Number etc.). Certain reports can be added by the police which relate to the vehicle or occupant status; examples include if the occupants are believed to be involved in crime or are missing, if the vehicle is stolen, if the vehicle is believed to be cloned etc. The vehicle record system is currently linked to the Motor Insurance Database (maintained by the Motor Insurers Bureau) which can confirm if an insurance policy is on the vehicle and the details of such policy such as named drivers, policy dates, policy number and insurance company. The Vehicle Operator Services Agency (VOSA) have computerised the MOT; as a result, a link has been created to the PNC which shows the expiration date of the MOT tests for vehicles. The vehicle file actually contains two separate databases (that show on a single screen), one of which is updated and controlled by the DVLA, and the second part is the responsibility of the police (including vehicle reports, which the DVLA do not have access to).
  • Property File: Certain types of stolen and found property can be placed onto the PNC system. These are recorded under the following categories: Trailers (including sidecars), Plant (non-DVLA-registered agricultural and construction machinery), Engines (those that do not fall under other categories), Animal (registered animals), Marine Craft, and Firearms (including imitation firearms).
  • Drivers File: This recently added database contains information on 48 million people who either hold a driving licence or are disqualified from holding one. The record will contain information relating to test passes, endorsements and the licence entitlements. This database is the responsibility of the DVLA and is updated every morning.

PNC operators undergo initial training to operate the system which usually consists of a five-day course to view data and conduct simple queries. Further courses are available to expand the user's access level to update and conduct more in-depth queries. Penalties for misuse of the PNC and unlawful access of data are severe; it will likely lead to dismissal and sometimes a court appearance for breaching the Data Protection Act 1998.

A number of criminal justice partners are linked to the PNC, giving them access to the information held on the computer. About 5,000 checks are made each week through the ‘Jurors’ link, which allows Crown Courts to check whether a proposed juror has a criminal record. Previously, the Courts Service struggled to meet its target of randomly checking 20 per cent of potential jury members.

With the growth of trans-national criminality, the PNC was linked to the Schengen Information System (SIS) which shares certain information Europe-wide. This is no longer the case since the UK left the European Union in 2020.

The Police National Computer is one of the main sources of information accessed when a Disclosure and Barring Service check is made. The Police National Computer holds indefinite records of a person's convictions and cautions which will be revealed in a Disclosure and Barring Service check. While of use in informing prospective employers as to the suitability of an applicant for a particular job, the information disclosed can show information which the applicant may think is of no relevance, such as a juvenile conviction for shoplifting where the applicant is now a thirty-year-old individual and applying for a job in a bank. Concerns have been expressed that the indefinite retention of old convictions and cautions is unwarranted.[8]

Because of changes to legislation on 29 May 2013 DBS removed certain specified old and minor offences from criminal record certificates issued from this date. The filtering rules[9] and the list of offences that will never be filtered[10] are available on the DBS website.

A major data loss was discovered in January 2021, and a UK Home Office press release provides information on the extent of the loss and the work to restore the data.[11]

Impact Nominal Index[edit]

In 2002 IMPACT delivered a tactical, complementary service to the PNC, called the Impact Nominal Index (INI).

Police National Database[edit]

Delivery of the PND (Police National Database) was the first recommendation of the Bichard report commenced in May 2010 when the first forces began to load their data on to the new system. In November 2010, Northumbria Police became the first force to connect to the PND and to begin to use the new system. As from June 2011, all Home Office forces were connected and using the PND.[12]

PND is not a replacement for PNC, instead captures data from over 200 different systems from 51 contributing police forces and law enforcement agencies.[13]

The system currently holds over 3.5 billion searchable records, and is operated by the Canadian company CGI Group, on behalf of the Home Office.[14]

CGI bought out the original PND operators Logica in 2012.[15]

The future of the PNC[edit]

In 2016 it was announced that the PNC would be decommissioned at the same time as the PND contract expired in 2019 and under the guise of the National Law Enforcement Data Programme, a replacement would combine both systems; for the first time merging intelligence and conviction history against one nominal record. The National Law Enforcement Data Service would provide a less police-centric platform servicing all public enforcement agencies ranging from the Border Force, HM Revenue and Customs, the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency and the Charity Commission.

In order to ensure that only relevant data is visible to each agency, user-based access controls will limit the segments of records which an agency can access to the very minimum they require to achieve their aims.

Public right of access[edit]

Any person now has the right to view their PNC record, if any, online or via post, for free at www.acro.police.uk.[16] This is done online where the user presents a list of their addresses for the previous 10 years and an upload of an ID document but this can also be presented offline. The results can be sent either by post or via email.[17]

This data is separate to any data a local force may hold on an individual e.g. statements, summons files, traffic fixed penalties, etc. This information can be requested through the relevant local force through a Subject Access Request under the Data Protection Act 2018.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Use of the Police National Computer" (PDF). Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services. April 2017. p. 5. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  2. ^ "Use of the Police National Computer" (PDF). Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services. April 2017. p. 12. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  3. ^ "Police National Computer Volume 687: debated on Monday 18 January 2021". Hansard. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  4. ^ "Alexander Babuta, 'Big Data and Policing: An Assessment of Law Enforcement Requirements, Expectations and Priorities', RUSI Occasional Papers, September 2017.'" (PDF). Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  5. ^ "Police National Computer Data Quality and Timeliness Report by HM Inspectorate of Constabulary" (PDF). Home Office. December 2001. p. 9. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 August 2007. Retrieved 16 August 2007.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Details of PNC Information Access Panel (PIAP)". WhatDoTheyKnow.com. 21 August 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  8. ^ "Police ordered to delete records". News.bbc.co.uk. 1 November 2007. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
  9. ^ "Filtering rules for DBS certificates - GOV.UK".
  10. ^ "List of offences that will never be filtered from a DBS certificate - GOV.UK".
  11. ^ "Home Office working to restore Police National Computer data - GOV.UK".
  12. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 January 2012. Retrieved 20 December 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Police National Database". 26 July 2016.
  14. ^ "Warning Page".
  15. ^ "CGI Group beds Logica in £1.7bn cash deal". The Register. 31 May 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 June 2018. Retrieved 24 June 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 September 2019. Retrieved 21 September 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]