Police academy

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For other uses, see Police Academy and European Police College.

A police academy is a training school for new police recruits, also known as a law enforcement academy. Some are known as colleges or universities. They all have various background checks, examination, physical requirements, medical requirements, legal training, driving skills, equipment training and firearm training for new police recruits. The academy prepares the recruits for the police force they will be assigned to when they graduate.

Police academy by country[edit]

Australia[edit]

In Australia, each of the states and mainland territories run a centralised academy for training of personnel of law enforcement agencies within the state or territory.

Police academies ensure that officers meet basic local, state, and federal standards. Graduation from an approved academy program is usually required before a new police officer is placed on active duty.

The New South Wales Police College, Victoria Police Academy, Queensland Police Academy, Tasmania Police Academy, South Australia Police Academy, Northern Territory Police Academy, Western Australia Police Academy and the Queensland Police Academy are the state police initial training institutions. The smaller yet distinguished Australian Federal Police College located in Barton, Canberra trains AFP initial recruits.

Bangladesh[edit]

In Bangladesh Bangladesh Police Academy imparts training to the new entrants of Bangladesh Police. It also arranges other courses including refreshers' course.

Cyprus[edit]

In the Republic of Cyprus the Cyprus Police Academy (Greek: Αστυνομική Ακαδημία Κύπρου) is the main educational institution for law enforcement officers. It was founded in 1990 in succession to the Police Training School. It is recognised as a higher education institution by the Cyprus Council for the Recognition of Higher Education Qualifications and operates under the Ministry of Justice and Public Order as a Police Unit in the organisational structure of the Cyprus Police. It works on a permanent basis, both for the education of Cadet Constables and for the training of all Police members irrelevant of their rank as part of their continuing education. Some law relevant courses are also conducted for none Police Officers.

Czech Republic[edit]

In the Czech Republic the Police Academy is a university level College, where security specialization for police, public administration and private security services are taught. Some branches are open to civilians and some are only for police officers, firefighters, soldiers, etc. The schools are open to recruits with bachelor's degrees, master's and doctoral degrees.

Basic training centers for new police officers are called 'secondary police schools' and every police officer must go through one of these centers. In the system "senior police schools" still exist that have the educational status of 'higher learning', where specializations which are college requirement exempt are offered.

Municipal police may have several training centers whereas some larger cities have their own and while others conduct training in privately licensed agencies.

Estonia[edit]

In Estonia, Estonian Academy of Security Science is located in Tallinn. Academy consist four colleges. One is Police and Border guard college in Muraste and in Paikuse.

Finland[edit]

Finnish Police recruits are trained in the Police College of Finland, or POLAMK. It is located in Tampere, Finland and consists of various teaching facilities and related premises, including a vehicle training track and a training area for realistic police operations. POLAMK requires its candidates to be Finnish citizens, completed at least a vocational qualification or upper secondary school studies or the matriculation examination, of good health, have no criminal background, and to possess certain traits evaluated by psychological exams. The Security Police will perform a basic security check of the applicant. Matters considered in the statement from the Security Police include penalties and convictions, arrests for drunkenness, racist attitudes and security and other risks. Applicants must possess at least a short-term driving licence by the end of the application period. At least one year's work experience by the end of the application period. A maximum of 9 months of the military service will be counted as work experience.[1] The basic police training lasts in its entirety for 3 years.

Indonesia[edit]

In Indonesia, Akademi Kepolisian or abbreviated as AKPOL is the main institute, training center, and school for new recruits/cadets joining the Indonesian National Police Force to become highly trained and professional officers. The academy is located in Semarang, Central Java

India[edit]

In India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy is the national institute for training of Indian Police Service (IPS) officers before they are sent to their respective Indian state cadres for carrying out their duties. The academy is located in Hyderabad, India.

Ireland[edit]

In the Republic of Ireland, the Garda Síochána College in Templemore is the only police academy, where all trainees for the Garda Síochána and Garda Síochána Reserve study.

Malaysia[edit]

In Malaysia, there are fifteen police academies, one of them being the Royal Malaysia Police College in Kuala Lumpur which is a combination of four police training institutes, namely the Kuala Kubu Baru Police College, the Special Branch Training School, the College of Criminal Investigation and Traffic School which train higher-ranking officers. The college will soon be upgraded to a Police University in collaboration with the Sultan Idris Education University.

Nepal[edit]

National Police Academy (NPA) formerly known as Central Police Training Centre (CPTC) established on the onset with the police regulation of 1993. CPTC was founded in 1956.

Norway[edit]

The Norwegian Police University College offers education for the police force of Norway, including a three-year basic education and a possible expansion with a Master's degree.

Philippines[edit]

During the 1980s, the Philippine National Police Academy in Cavite served as a school for selected enlisted personnel and civilians to join as a Police/Fire Lieutenants in the defunct Integrated National Police. After the merging of the Philippine Constabulary and INP in January 1, 1991 it became the primary officers school for the new Philippine National Police, the Bureau of Fire Protection and the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology, all under the Department of the Interior and Local Government. The Philippine National Police Academy graduates are automatically appointed as Inspectors/Lieutenants in the Philippine National Police, Bureau of Fire Protection, and the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology according to their choice of public safety curriculum during their cadetship. This is under the supervision of the DILG and the Philippine Public Safety College.

Poland[edit]

Police high school is located in town Szczytno. Police school are in Piła, Słupsk, Katowice and in Legionowo. In Ketrzyn, Koszalin and Luban they have border guard training center.

Romania[edit]

Police academy is located in Bucureşti. They are training only officers (Bachelor (3 years), master degree (2 years) and Dr (3+1 years)).

Border police school and center for training is located in Oradea Avram Iancu. Coast guard center is in Constanta. Center for training border police personnel is in Iași and one in Orsova.

Serbia[edit]

In Serbia, the future police officers are trained at the Basic Police Training Centre in Sremska Kamenica, former Police High School. The training lasts for 1 year and it is followed by a 6-month probation period at the Regional Police Departments. The skills the young men and women acquire are for general jurisdiction police officers, and after they are employed, they can specialise in a line of work (traffic police, border police, special forces...). There is also the Academy of Criminalistic and Police Studies, the higher education institution established as a legal successor of the Advanced School of Internal Affairs, formed in 1972, and Police Academy, formed in 1993.

Slovak Republic[edit]

In the Slovak Republic Police Academy named College (University), which offers courses in security specialization for police, public administration and private security services. Some branches are open and civilians, and some are only for police officers, firefighters, soldiers, etc. The schools are open to bachelor's degrees, Master's and doctoral degrees.

Basic training center for new police officers are called 'secondary police schools' and they must go through every police officer and municipal police officer.

Sri Lanka[edit]

Sri Lanka, in 2008 established the Sri Lanka Police Academy bring together several police training institutions including the Sri Lanka Police College.

Sweden[edit]

The Swedish police education is controlled by the government. It consists of two sets of tests before being accepted to the academy. The tests comprise physical, strength and intelligence test. When the tests are completed and the individual is accepted into the academy, a two-year long education starts. The three academies operated in Sweden are located in Växjö, Stockholm and Umeå. During the education the students will have to complete several exams, both written and practical. Upon failure in any test the student will have two more attempts. If a student fails all three attempts, an educational board decides whether the student should be allowed to repeat the relevant semester and try the tests again, or be required to leave the academy.

After the two-year education and the following graduation the student will be accepted to a "police-area" in Sweden as a trainee. The training period lasts for six months during which the trainee must prove himself or herself capable. Upon failure to do this, the trainee will be refused any possibility to join the police force permanently, unless he or she repeats the police education all over again. After the six-month period and an approval from the "trainee officer", the trainee becomes a "police assistant", which is the lowest grade in the Swedish police force.

Turkey[edit]

Police Academy established in 1937 to recruit police chiefs. Also in 1938 a police college (high school) established in Ankara in order to prepare students for Police Academy. Today police academy recruits police officers in 26 school located in different parts of Turkey and police chiefs in one school located in Ankara.

United Arab Emirates[edit]

In UAE, the Emirates either train their own Police force or get trained by academies of other Emirates. There are mainly two academies, one in Abu Dhabi and the other in Dubai.

Abu Dhabi[edit]

In the Abu Dhabi Police Academy the study programme includes practical and field training. After successful completion of the programme the student shall be awarded a bachelor's degree in Law and Policing Sciences.

An Institute for officers training affiliated to the Police College was established in 1992. In 2002, the system of study in the College was changed to incorporate training theory programs and field work.

The four years duration of study are divided into two levels of study consisting of eight terms:

Basic level – two years[edit]

One year for theoretical study and another for field work.

Advanced level – two years[edit]

These two levels are preceded by an introductory period for the physical and psychological preparation of the students. After successful completion of the study and training programmes the student will be awarded a bachelor's degree in Police Sciences and Criminal Justice.

Dubai[edit]

The Dubai Police Academy was founded in 1987, and was granted autonomy from the police force as long as it retains some affiliation with Dubai Police General Headquarters. It was fully inaugurated in 1989 in the presence of Sheikh Maktoum Bin Rashid Al Maktoum. In 1992, degrees offered by the academy were made equal to degrees from universities.

The first class was from 1987 to 1988, and consisted of 51 cadets and 30 full-time students, some of whom were existing police officers. they graduated in 1991. During the academic year of 1996–1997, students from other Arabic countries such as Yemen and thePalestinian Territories were admitted.

United Kingdom[edit]

All candidates for the 43 police forces for England and Wales must be over the age of 18½; of a reasonable standard of physical fitness, with good health and eyesight; and be a British citizen, a Commonwealth citizen with no restrictions on his or her stay here, or a citizen of the Republic of Ireland. All serve two years as probationary constables, which will be spent training in both academic and practical situations. As from 2007, all training has been managed by the National Policing Improvement Agency.

United States[edit]

Police academies exist in every state and at the federal level. Each state has an agency which certifies police academies and their programs. Most states have minimum physical and academic standards for cadets to achieve before they can enter an academy and graduate. There may be additional or higher standards required for later certification as a police officer. While some states allow open enrollment in police academies, many require cadets to be hired by a police department in order to attend. Departments and/or state certifying agencies may also require individuals to pass background checks, psychological evaluations, polygraph exams, drug screenings and qualify with a firearm and demonstrate driving skills, as conditions of employment/certification.

History[edit]

Society is constantly changing, with this change in how people view crime and law enforcement it is necessary for police training to change as well.[2] Training of police has not always been what it is today. The early years of policing was known as the "political era", the style of policing that was used was a "watchmen" style. This type of policing is exactly what it sounds like; men were selected and given little to no formal training. These men were trusted with the safety of the community.[3] However, due to corruption there was call for change in policing style. The change that came after is the known as the "reform era" in this era a call for the professionalism of police was addressed. The Wickersham Commission was created in this era by President Herbert Hoover explaining how the police were not equipped to control crime and created new departments inside the whole department in order to combat crime.[4] The main goal of the police moved from pleasing the politicians to crime control. This led into a strain between the police and the community and not valuing the community's outlook and opinion.[3] The community didn't appreciate this, which caused another change in the style of policing. The next era, which is today's era, is the community policing era. The style of today's era is more focused on serving the community and preventing crime. The police are more involved in the community's daily lives helping with anything they need. The police are now more trained to a part of the society so there is no longer a gap between society and the police.[5]

MTA PD 2014 Canine Unit Graduation

Connecticut[edit]

In Connecticut, police officer recruits receive a certification to enforce the General Statutes. Their training is conducted at "The Connecticut Police Academy" located at 285 Preston Avenue, in Meriden, CT.[6] In order to become a certified police officer, a recruit must be a legal United States resident at least 21 years of age, have a high school diploma or equivalent, possess a valid drivers license, and not be convicted of any felonies.[7] The to be officers then have to attend an 818-hour basic training course that covers various aspects of police work.[8] This basic training course is certified by Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies (CALEA).

Florida[edit]

In Florida, police academies are primarily run by community colleges or state agencies. All law enforcement officers in the state are certified as such by a governing body appointed by the governor called the Criminal Justice Standards and Training Commission under the Florida Department of Law Enforcement. All applicants must pass a state examination and be hired by a law enforcement agency within 4 years to be considered certified.

Maryland[edit]

In Maryland, the Maryland Police and Correctional Training Commission is the civilian governing body that sets standards for law enforcement personnel within the state. Most major law enforcement agencies operate their own academy in which recruits must pass over 550 objectives including (but not limited to): criminal and traffic law, officer safety techniques, defensive tactics, report writing, a 40-hour block of emergency vehicle operations, a 40-hour block of First Responder, and a 40-hour block of weapon training.[9] Most agencies operate non-resident academies; however, the Maryland State Police requires recruits to live at the academy and, dependent on their performance level for the week, may leave campus for the weekend.[10] Many colleges such as the University of Maryland and other community colleges offer police academy instruction as well.[11]

Michigan[edit]

In Michigan, in order to become law enforcement officers, any and all applicants have the option to be certified by the Michigan Commission on Law Enforcement Standards or MCOLES. All persons wishing to become police officers in the State of Michigan must be certified through MCOLES. Cadets must pass a physical fitness exam as well as a reading and writing exam. Applicants also cannot have any felonies, weapons violations, or a history of domestic violence posted on their criminal records. Police academies are most often part of community colleges, city or county police and sheriff departments, or the Michigan State Police.

At the end of the police academy, candidates take the MCOLES test. Upon successful completion, candidates are 'certifiable' and have a period of one year to obtain a job (if not sponsored by an agency). If a candidate is unable to obtain a police job within that year, and if the candidate wishes to be considered in the future, he/she must attend a two-week re-certification course, which adds another year to the window of opportunity.

Utah[edit]

The basis of the Utah basic training for police academy is to protect the community and the citizens the police are serving. They do this by basic training, firearms training, curriculum development, canine training, defensive tactics, emergency vehicle operations, and physical fitness. Training for Utah officers is broken into two separate sections, called blocks. The two blocks are special functions and law enforcement. In order to be certified in the state of Utah an individual must successfully finish both courses of training. This training is provided so that the officers may be as professional and as up to date as possible. Along with the original training, officers are also required to do an additional 40 hours of training annually in order to stay up to date on all current laws and police procedures.[12]

Vietnam[edit]

The Vietnam People's Police Academy is one of the leading schools of the Vietnam People's Public Security, training officers with university degrees and postgraduate degrees.

People's Police Academy is a training centre under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Public Security.

Schools located in Tu Liem district, Hanoi, Vietnam. http://ppa.edu.vn/en/Acedemy/default.aspx

History[edit]

On 15 May 05,[clarification needed] 1968, the People's Police was established within the Department of the Public Security Police Central (now known as the Academy of the People's Security).

Mission[edit]

  1. Training police officers with university degrees and postgraduate courses. Create resource staff for force People's Police of Vietnam;
  2. Look at the scientific topics of the National Crime Prevention; Administration of State Security Order, Criminal Law, Works of Justice investigation.
  3. International Training Cooperation with foreign police.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.polamk.fi/poliisi/poliisioppilaitos/home.nsf/pages/C5EEF61FF46D5B24C22573D3004545CE
  2. ^ Dunham, Roger; Alpert, Geoffrey (2010). Critical issues in policing. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press Inc. p. 55. ISBN 1-57766-622-4. 
  3. ^ a b Dunham, Roger; Alpert, Geoffrey; Uchida, Craig (2010). Critical Issues in Policing. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press Inc. pp. 17–26. ISBN 1-57766-622-4. 
  4. ^ "Wickersham Report". American Journal of Police Science. August 1931. Retrieved April 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ Rosenbaum, Dennis (1994). The Challenge of Community Policing. London: Sage Publications. pp. 3–27. 
  6. ^ http://www.ct.gov/post/
  7. ^ "POSTC: Frequently Asked Questions". www.ct.gov. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  8. ^ http://www.ct.gov/post/lib/post/pdf_documents/818_basic_training_curriculum_jan_09.pdf
  9. ^ DPSCS.state.md.us
  10. ^ Recruiting.mdsp.org
  11. ^ Outlook.umd.edu
  12. ^ "Utah Department of Public Safety". The Academy - Basic Training Bureau. State of Utah. March 8, 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2015. 

External links[edit]