Police of Armenia

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Police of Armenia
Հայաստանի Հանրապետության ոստիկանություն
Emblem of the Police of Armenia
Emblem of the Police of Armenia
Common namePolice of Armenia
AbbreviationArmenian Police
Agency overview
Formed2002
Operational structure
Headquarters130 Nalbandyan St Yerevan
Agency executive
  • Vahe Ghazaryan, Chief of Police
Parent agencyGovernment of Armenia
Website
police.am
A 2018 stamp dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the Police of Armenia, featuring its logo to the left

The Police of the Republic of Armenia (Armenian: Հայաստանի Հանրապետության ոստիկանություն) is the national police of Armenia.[1][2] The acting head is Vahe Ghazaryan, in office since 8 June 2020.[3]

History[edit]

The first police service of Armenia was formed in 1918, under the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the First Republic of Armenia. On April 21, 1920, a Militia was formed in Yerevan based on the Soviet model. It was later renamed to the People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs of the Armenian SSR or the NKVD of the Armenian SSR, which was the Armenian subordinate to the NKVD headquarters in Moscow. In 1929, the NKVD of the Armenian SSR was dissolved and was reestablished in July 1934 as a reorganized political department. During World War II, the present-day building of the Armenian Police was built. The Armenian Regiment of Interior Forces of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs was established in 1963, and the Headquarters of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Armenian SSR was founded in 1965. The Police Academy of Armenia, which was then the Secondary School of the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs was founded in 1984. On June 21, 1992 by order of President Levon Ter-Petrosyan, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Armenia was formed from the former Soviet Internal Troops.[4] The ministry was active until December 2002, when the ministry, along with the Ministry of National Security, was reorganised into a non-ministerial institution, with the Ministry of Internal Affairs becoming the Police of the Republic of Armenia.[5] The Armenian Ministry of Justice recommended the re-establishment of the ministry headed by a cabinet member in a three-year strategy of police reforms proposed to the government in 2019.[6] As part of a major structural reform of the national police service, Prime Minister Nikol Pashinian announced plans to recreate the Interior Ministry.[7][8]

Leadership[edit]

The activities of the police are directed by the chief of the police, who is appointed by the president of Armenia at the nomination of the prime minister of Armenia.[1] The chief has one first deputy and several deputies,[9] appointed by the president upon nomination by the chief.[1]

The commander of the police troops is appointed by the president and serves as ex officio deputy chief of the police.[1] Each of the deputy chiefs is assigned a sphere of responsibility by the chief of police, who is also assisted by a group of Advisers.[1]

List of leaders[edit]

Minister of Internal Affairs of the First Republic of Armenia (1918–1920)[edit]

People's Commissar of Interior Affairs of the Armenian SSR (1920–1941)[edit]

  • Isaac Dovlatyan (December 1921 – April 1921)
  • Poghos Makintsyan (April 1921 – July 1921)
  • Avis Nourijanyan (July 1921 – August 1921)
  • Shavarsh Amirkhanyan (August 1921 – May 1924)
  • Hovhannes Dourgaryan (May 1924 – July 1927)
  • Sergey Melik-Hovsepyan (July 1927 – December 1928)
  • Sedrak Margaryan (February 1929 – November, 1929)
  • Hayk Petrosyan (November 1929 – May 1930)
  • Sedrak Otyan (May 1930 – October 1930)
  • Armenak Aboulyan (December 1930 – July, 1934)
  • Khachik Moughdousi (July 1934 – September, 1937)
  • Victor Khvorostov (November 1937 – March 1939)
  • Aleksey Korotkov (March 1939 – March 1941)

Minister of Internal Affairs of the Armenian SSR (1941–1991)[edit]

  • Georgi Martirosov (March 1941 – May 1943, March 1953 – April 1954)
  • Ivan Matevosov (May 1943 – August 1947)
  • Khoren Grigoryan (August 1947 – March 1953)
  • Pyotr Piskunov (April 1954 – August 1957)
  • Hayk Melkonyan (August 1957 – August 1961)
  • Sergey Arzoumanyan (August 1961 – December 1968)
  • Vladimir Darbinyan (December 1968 – September 1974)
  • Yevgeniy Patalov (December 1974 – November 1983)
  • Haykaz Shahinyan (November 1983 – June 1988)
  • Housik Haroutunyan (June 1988 – May 1990)
  • Levon Galstyan (June 1990 – 1990 August)
  • Karlos Ghazaryan (August 1990 – March 1991)

Minister of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Armenia (1991-2003)[edit]

  • Ashot Manucharyan (March 1991 – December 1991)
  • Valeri Poghosyan (December 1991 – February 1992)
  • Vano Siradeghyan (February 1992 – November 1996)
  • Serzh Sargsyan (November 1996 – June 1999)
  • Suren Abrahamyan (June 1999 – November 1999)
  • Hayk Haroutyunyan (November 1999 – January 2003)

Chief of Police of the Republic of Armenia (2003-present)[edit]

  • Hayk Haroutyunyan (January 2003 – May 29, 2008)
  • Alik Sargsyan (May 29, 2008 – November 1, 2011)
  • Vladimir Gasparyan (November 1, 2011 – May 10, 2018)
  • Valeri Osipyan (May 10, 2018 – September 19, 2019)
  • Arman Sargsyan (September 19, 2019 - June 8, 2020)
  • Vahe Ghazaryan (June 8, 2020 - Present)

Structure[edit]

The Police are organised into the Central Body, and 11 geographic divisions.[1]

Central Body[edit]

The Departments of the Central Body are:[1] Headquarters, Combating Organized Crime Main Department, Criminal Investigations Main Department, Investigative Main Department, Public Order Department, Personnel Department, Information Centre, Public Relations and Press Department, Finances and Economic Affairs Department, Administration, Department of Road Inspection, Passports and Visas Department, State Protection Department, Criminal Forensics and Legal Affairs Department, as well as the National Central Bureau of Interpol.

National Central Bureau[edit]

The NCB is divided into three divisions:[9][10]

  • Division for international search and general crime – responsible for conducting criminal investigations of an operational nature, preparing international notice requests and sending them to the General Secretariat for publication, providing liaison and co-ordination activities, maintaining criminal records, implementing criminal investigations concerning the search for wanted persons. The division comprises 6 police officers including a head of division.
  • Division for the analysis and processing of criminal intelligence – division deals with the following areas: legal matters, analysis and processing of criminal intelligence on drug trafficking, fraud, organized crime, terrorism, corruption, counterfeiting, crimes against human beings, international relations support, general reference sources, methodological data, etc. It comprises 6 police officers including a head of division.
  • Division for telecommunications and technical support – division deals with matters relating to information technology systems, providing telecommunications services and technical support for the NCB. It consists of 7 police officers including a head of division.

Divisions[edit]

There is one police department for the city of Yerevan, and one for each of the 10 Provinces.

Uniforms and equipment[edit]

Armenian Police Honor Guard.

Decrees passed in October 2002 and April 2003 set the rules for police officers' uniforms.[1] Police personnel are armed primarily with Soviet-made firearms and ammunition, including Makarov PM and Tokarev TT-33 handguns, and AKS, AKM, and AK-74 automatic rifles.[1]

Small arms[edit]

Name Origin Type Photo
Pistols and submachine guns
MP-443 Grach  Russia 9x19 mm 9-мм Пистолет Ярыгина ПЯ 6П35 02.jpg
Makarov  Soviet Union 9x18 mm 9-мм пистолет Макарова с патронами.jpg
Tokarev TT-33  Soviet Union 9x19 mm Tokarev TT33 (6825679152).jpg
AK-74U  Soviet Union 5.45×39 mm Aks74u.jpg
Assault Rifles
AK-74M  Russia 5.45×39 mm Ak-74mpdomain.JPG
AK-74  Soviet Union 5.45×39 mm Ak74l.jpg
AKS-74  Soviet Union AKS-74.jpg
AKM  Soviet Union 7.62×39 mm AKM NTW 4 92.jpg
Sniper rifles
Dragunov SVD  Soviet Union
 Russia
7.62×54 mm SVD Dragunov.jpg

Armenian Police Vehicles[edit]

Name Origin Type Photo Notes
Vehicles and Aircraft
Toyota Corolla  Japan Patrol Car Toyota Corolla E170 01 China 2015-04-06.jpg Main service vehicle. Replacing former Soviet-era patrol vehicles.
Toyota Camry  Japan Patrol Car 07-09 Toyota Camry XLE.jpg Used as secondaries.
Kia Forte  South Korea Patrol Car '19 Kia Forte Sean Spinelli.jpg Gifted by South Korea to the Armenian Patrol Sentry Service Regiment.[11]
Chevrolet Sonic / Aveo  United States Patrol Car Chevrolet Sonic sedan NAIAS 2011.1.jpg General Department of State Protection of the Police.[12]
Hyundai Elantra  South Korea Patrol Car 2010 Hyundai Elantra China edition.jpg Used also by the Military Police.
Lada VAZ  Soviet Union Patrol Car Lada VAZ 2107.jpg Currently being replaced. A few are still in service.
Lada Priora  Russia Patrol Car 2010 Lada Priora.jpg
IKCO  Iran Patrol Car Samand white rear.jpg
Dodge Charger  United States Patrol Car Dodge Charger SRT8 white in Berlin Germany 1of2.jpg Tested in 2019. 300 units being delivered. Used by the Patrol Police.
Ford Crown Victoria  United States Patrol Car 2006 Ford Crown Victoria.jpg 10 Vehicles in service in Yerevan only. Second hand.
Toyota Prado  Japan Police SUV Toyota Land Cruiser Prado J150 LWB facelift II China 2019-04-03.jpg Used as VIP transport.
Hyundai Tucson  South Korea Police SUV Hyundai ix35 (aka in some markets Hyundai Tucson) LM in Oostburg.jpg
UAZ-469  Soviet Union Police SUV UAZ 469B.JPG Used mostly in rural areas.
Chevrolet Niva  Russia United States Police SUV Chevrolet Niva 2012.JPG Distributed to different divisions. [13]
UAZ Patriot  Russia Police SUV UAZ Patriot Police.jpg Used in support roles.
Toyota C-HR  Japan Police SUV 20200512 Toyota C-HR Hybrid.jpg
Chevrolet Tahoe  United States Unmarked Vehicle 08-09 Chevrolet Tahoe Hybrid.png
Mercedes-Benz G-Class  Germany Unmarked Vehicle Mercedes-Benz G-Class W463 facelift II 55 AMG China 2012-08-09.jpg
Chevrolet Express  United States Transportation Vehicle Chevrolet Express Van.jpg Unmarked transportation vehicle. Also used as prisoner transport.
Hyundai Starex  South Korea Transportation Vehicle 15 Hyundai Starex.jpg Used by the Armenian Patrol Sentry Service Regiment.
GAZelle  Russia Transportation Vehicle GAZelle-van.jpg Used by specialized units. Some unmarked.
UAZ-452  Soviet Union Transportation Vehicle ParkPatriot2015part4-14.jpg Mostly used in support roles.
PAZ-3205  Soviet Union Transportation Vehicle PAZ-3205 Uzhhorod 3.jpg Used for riot roles.
Ural-4320  Soviet Union Transport / Cargo Truck Ural 4320 of the Hungarian Army.JPG Few converted to riot trucks.
KamAZ-43501  Russia Transport / Cargo Truck Kamaz P9190209.JPG Very limited usage.
GAZ-2975 "Tigr"  Russia Armored Vehicle GAZ-2975 Tigr.jpg Used by special forces, riot police, and rapid response units.
BTR-80  Soviet Union Armored Personnel Carrier BTR-80 TEK.jpg Used for riot control and counter-terrorism.
BRDM-2  Soviet Union Armored Personnel Carrier BRDM-2 armored vehicle.jpg Used for riot control.
Mi-8  Soviet Union Transport Helicopter Mi-8 RH.jpg One possibly used by the Armenian Police for transport.
Eurocopter EC130  France Transport Helicopter S2-AGO, Eurocopter EC 130T2, Impress Aviation.jpg Few used for transporting and other operations.[14]
Eurocopter EC635 / EC 135  France Transport Helicopter SMURD 345 - Airbus Helicopter EC 135 in Hateg, Romania-9018.jpg Few used for transporting and other operations.[15]

See also[edit]

Links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Policing Profiles of Participating and Partner States. Aermenia". POLIS – Policing OnLine Information System. Archived from the original on 2009-10-15. Retrieved 2009-03-08.
  2. ^ Interpol entry Retrieved 14 May 2007
  3. ^ https://news.am/eng/news/583818.html
  4. ^ See for example http://www.mia.gov.az/index.php?/en/content/278/
  5. ^ "FROM THE RA POLICE HISTORY: CHRONICS". Retrieved 2018-07-19.
  6. ^ https://www.azatutyun.am/amp/31092340.html
  7. ^ https://www.aysor.am/en/news/2021/02/08/armenia-pm/1799218?__cf_chl_jschl_tk__=3e5721626b0f304a481b445e875b7124cc429e4e-1612811684-0-Af1ZhKJNU47zt3htUDE8ukaz5gb4OQGRqoU3QMp1_V7xca0IYWwZlvsCCYq5G61z-KUTpaBaBKOwLYJAX6-AKexXfbH7WJzDRZLNs55bTSNyr9pAWXlWzflqWmHWrqsh1FBFCxqemPgazLgpVPD1h_WlyplJsp5Ykz6CbH34miwg0wBJeLbfxZALXg4leuWY0PQrzyG9w3r47fsLuDOD6WMDjkLFTrMI7ehIAj5QYxQ8Keo_YCQgZ2_yvv1AQCGm6MO2M1fAzMRsRFmY6FxxHrQcgOmnwLLpsE-qomvhs4Do_RvW9oX9Vj413h-lZxiNSLwx2H7-inC_OxwQS9Jiy6FhdXC6VOv3-FrRWWH-2DOO
  8. ^ https://armenpress.am/eng/amp/1042703
  9. ^ a b "Internet / Home – INTERPOL" (PDF). Interpol.int. 2017-09-26. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-07-14. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  10. ^ "Internet / Home – INTERPOL" (PDF). Interpol.int. 2017-09-26. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-03-01. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  11. ^ "South Korean Government Gave Kia Car to Armenia's Police as a Present". armedia.am. Retrieved 2021-02-26.
  12. ^ One, Studio. "Ոստիկանության պետական պահպանության գլխավոր վարչություն. մարդկանց անվտանգությունն ու գույքի և ունեցվածքի պահպանությունը` հուսալի ձեռքերում (ՏԵՍԱՆՅՈՒԹ) - ՆՈՐՈՒԹՅՈՒՆՆԵՐ - ՀԱՅԱՍՏԱՆԻ ՀԱՆՐԱՊԵՏՈՒԹՅԱՆ ՈՍՏԻԿԱՆՈՒԹՅՈՒՆ". www.police.am (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-02-28.
  13. ^ One, Studio. "Վանաձորի ոստիկանները կողոպուտի դեպք են բացահայտել (ՏԵՍԱՆՅՈՒԹ) - ՆՈՐՈՒԹՅՈՒՆՆԵՐ - ՀԱՅԱՍՏԱՆԻ ՀԱՆՐԱՊԵՏՈՒԹՅԱՆ ՈՍՏԻԿԱՆՈՒԹՅՈՒՆ". www.police.am (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-02-28.
  14. ^ LLC, Helix Consulting. "Ուժեղացված ծառայություն. ՀՀ ոստիկանության պետը ուղղաթիռից հետևել է ծառայությանը (տեսանյութ) - Այսօր` թարմ լուրեր Հայաստանից". www.aysor.am. Retrieved 2021-02-28.
  15. ^ "ՃՈ-ն ուժեղացված ծառայության իրականացմանը ներգրավել է ուղղաթիռ". armenpress.am (in Armenian). Retrieved 2021-02-28.

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