Police of Armenia

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Police of Armenia
Հայաստանի Հանրապետության ոստիկանություն
Emblem of the Police of Armenia
Emblem of the Police of Armenia
Common namePolice of Armenia
AbbreviationArmenian Police
Agency overview
Formed2002
Operational structure
Headquarters130 Nalbandyan St Yerevan
Agency executive
  • Vahe Ghazaryan, Chief of Police
Parent agencyGovernment of Armenia
Website
police.am
A 2018 stamp dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the Police of Armenia, featuring its logo to the left

The Police of the Republic of Armenia (Armenian: Հայաստանի Հանրապետության ոստիկանություն) is the national police of Armenia.[1][2] The acting head is Vahe Ghazaryan, in office since 8 June 2020.[3]

History[edit]

Soviet era[edit]

The first police service of Armenia was formed in 1918, under the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the First Republic of Armenia. On April 21, 1920, a Militia was formed in Yerevan based on the Soviet model. It was later renamed to the People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs of the Armenian SSR or the NKVD of the Armenian SSR, which was the Armenian subordinate to the NKVD headquarters in Moscow. In 1929, the NKVD of the Armenian SSR was dissolved and was reestablished in July 1934 as a reorganized political department. During World War II, the present-day building of the Armenian Police was built. The Armenian Regiment of Interior Forces of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs was established in 1963, and the Headquarters of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Armenian SSR was founded in 1965.

Modern Armenia[edit]

On June 21, 1992 by order of President Levon Ter-Petrosyan, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Armenia was formed from the former Soviet Internal Troops.[4] The ministry was active until December 2002, when the ministry, along with the Ministry of National Security, was reorganised into a non-ministerial institution, with the Ministry of Internal Affairs becoming the Police of the Republic of Armenia.[5] The Armenian Ministry of Justice recommended the re-establishment of the ministry headed by a cabinet member in a three-year strategy of police reforms proposed to the government in 2019.[6] As part of a major structural reform of the national police service, Prime Minister Nikol Pashinian announced plans to recreate the Interior Ministry.[7][8] A patrol service became active in June 2021.[9]

Leadership[edit]

The activities of the police are directed by the chief of the police, who is appointed by the president of Armenia at the nomination of the prime minister of Armenia.[1] The chief has one first deputy and several deputies,[10] appointed by the president upon nomination by the chief.[1]

The commander of the police troops is appointed by the president and serves as ex officio deputy chief of the police.[1] Each of the deputy chiefs is assigned a sphere of responsibility by the chief of police, who is also assisted by a group of Advisers.[1]

List of leaders (since 2003)[edit]

  • Hayk Haroutyunyan (January 2003 – May 29, 2008)
  • Alik Sargsyan (May 29, 2008 – November 1, 2011)
  • Vladimir Gasparyan (November 1, 2011 – May 10, 2018)
  • Valeri Osipyan (May 10, 2018 – September 19, 2019)
  • Arman Sargsyan (September 19, 2019 - June 8, 2020)
  • Vahe Ghazaryan (June 8, 2020 – Present)

Central Body and Regional Divisions[edit]

The Police are organised into the Central Body, and 11 geographic divisions.[1] There is one police department for the city of Yerevan, and one for each of the 10 Provinces. The Departments of the Central Body are:[1]

  • Headquarters
  • Combating Organized Crime Main Department
  • Criminal Investigations Main Department
  • Investigative Main Department
  • Public Order Department
  • Personnel Department
  • Information Centre
  • Public Relations and Press Department
  • Finances and Economic Affairs Department
  • Administration
  • Department of Road Inspection
  • Passports and Visas Department
  • State Protection Department
  • Criminal Forensics and Legal Affairs Department
  • National Central Bureau (NCB) of Interpol

National Central Bureau[edit]

The NCB is divided into three divisions:[10][11]

  • Division for international search and general crime – responsible for conducting criminal investigations of an operational nature, preparing international notice requests and sending them to the General Secretariat for publication, providing liaison and co-ordination activities, maintaining criminal records, implementing criminal investigations concerning the search for wanted persons. The division comprises 6 police officers including a head of division.
  • Division for the analysis and processing of criminal intelligence – division deals with the following areas: legal matters, analysis and processing of criminal intelligence on drug trafficking, fraud, organized crime, terrorism, corruption, counterfeiting, crimes against human beings, international relations support, general reference sources, methodological data, etc. It comprises 6 police officers including a head of division.
  • Division for telecommunications and technical support – division deals with matters relating to information technology systems, providing telecommunications services and technical support for the NCB. It consists of 7 police officers including a head of division.
Armenian Police Honor Guard.

Public Relations and Press Department[edit]

The Committee of Public Relations (part of the Public Relations and Press Department) was founded on 21 March 1994.[12]

The department also maintains a 42-member Police Band (Հայաստանի ոստիկանության նվագախումբը, Vostikanutyan Nvagaxumb) based in Yerevan which is currently led by Baghdasar Grigoryan. The band was created on 1 August 1972. It performs similar functions to the Band of the Armenian Army General Staff, taking part in the most important events of the police and the state.[13] In 2019, it performed at the graduation party of Dubai Police Academy.[14]

Police Troops[edit]

The Armenian Police Troops (Armenian: Հայաստանի Հանրապետության ոստիկանության զորքեր) are composed mainly of personnel from the former Police Special Forces (SDFs) and the Rapid Reaction Forces (SDFs), who have actively participated in all combat operations carried out by the former Armenian Internal Troops and the Soviet Internal Troops. On 21 June 1992, the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs were formed by decree of Levon Ter-Petrosyan.[5] The day of formation of the police troops is celebrated every year, on 21 June. In February 1999 the Deputy Minister of the Interior and Commander of the Internal Troops, Major General Artsrun Makarian, was found shot dead. On 14 December 2004, the Internal Troops were renamed to the Police Troops.[15] In 2009, there was a transition from conscription to contract service. In 2013 the International Institute for Strategic Studies attributed the force with four paramilitary battalions, 55 AIFV including 44 BMP-1, and 24 wheeled armoured personnel carriers.[16]

The military units of the Internal Troops of the Armenian Ministry of Internal Affairs had a wide range of activities: including the protection of special facilities, maintenance of public order, public security service, preliminary training of conscripts, and training of non-commissioned officers. The Internal Troops had a helicopter (aviation) unit, which, being provided with appropriate helicopters, performed various transportation services during combat operations.[17]

Wars[edit]

It took part in the Four-Day War and the Second Nagorno-Karabakh War. During the latter war, sixty-five policemen were killed and six were considered missing. About 3,000 officers from the police troops went to the battlefront in shifts and took part in battles for Karvachar, Haterk, Jrakan, Berdzor and Shushi-Lisagor road.[18] In 2018, it was deployed to the in the Armenian-Azerbaijani border.[19][20] It also took part in the First Nagorno-Karabakh War.[21]

Special Operations Forces[edit]

It has carried out raids in the places of alleged "thieves' gatherings".[22] It took part in the "Cobalt-2016" joint exercise of special forces units of the CSTO at the Marshal Baghramyan Training Ground of the Ministry of Defense.[23]

Personnel[edit]

Oath[edit]

Persons serving in the Police, in front of the state flag of the Republic of Armenia, in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Republic of Armenia, take an oath with the following content:[24]

"I (name, patronymic, surname), taking service in the Police of the Republic of Armenia, swear:

To be faithful to the constitutional order of the Republic of Armenia, to be unconditionally governed by laws, to defend my homeland, to keep state and official secrets.

To exercise my powers fairly and impartially, to perform my official duties honestly and conscientiously."

Uniforms[edit]

Decrees passed in October 2002 and April 2003 set the rules for police officers' uniforms.[1]

Weapons[edit]

Police personnel are armed primarily with Soviet-made firearms and ammunition, including Makarov PM and Tokarev TT-33 handguns, and AKS, AKM, and AK-74 automatic rifles.[1]

Police Workers Day[edit]

Celebrated on 16 April, Police Workers Day (Armenian: Ոստիկանության օր) in Armenia commemorates personnel of the Police Central Body and the Police Troops. It was first celebrated in 2002 and was introduced year earlier by the National Assembly of Armenia. Traditionally, the President of Armenia and/or the Prime Minister of Armenia receives the salute at a ceremony in the Yerevan police headquarters.[25]

Ranks[edit]

Police ranks are classified into the following groups:[26]

  • Higher ranks
    • Colonel General of Police
    • Lieutenant General of Police
    • Major General of Police
  • Chief ranks
    • Police Colonel
  • Senior ranks
    • Police Lieutenant Colonel
  • Subaltern ranks
    • Police Major
    • Police Captain
    • Senior Police Lieutenant
    • Police Lieutenant
  • Junior ranks
    • Senior Police NCO
    • Police NCO
    • Police Starshina
    • Senior Police Sergeant
    • Police Sergeant
    • Junior Police Sergeant

Education[edit]

The Police Academy of Armenia, is the successor to the Secondary School of the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, which was founded in 1984. During the Soviet era, the Yerevan Higher School of the Ministry of Internal Affairs operated in the country.[27]

Equipment[edit]

Small arms[edit]

Name Origin Type Photo
Pistols and submachine guns
MP-443 Grach  Russia 9x19 mm 9-мм Пистолет Ярыгина ПЯ 6П35 02.jpg
Glock  Austria 9x19 mm GLOCK 17 Gen 4 Pistol MOD 45160305.jpg
M1911  USA .45 ACP GA M1911.jpg
Makarov  Soviet Union 9x18 mm 9-мм пистолет Макарова с патронами.jpg
Tokarev TT-33  Soviet Union 9x19 mm Tokarev TT33 (6825679152).jpg
AK-74U  Soviet Union 5.45×39 mm Aks74u.jpg
Assault Rifles
AK-74M  Russia 5.45×39 mm Ak-74mpdomain.JPG
AK-74  Soviet Union 5.45×39 mm Ak74l.jpg
AKS-74  Soviet Union AKS-74.jpg
AKM  Soviet Union 7.62×39 mm AKM NTW 4 92.jpg
Sniper rifles
Dragunov SVD  Soviet Union
 Russia
7.62×54 mm SVD Dragunov.jpg

Armenian Police Vehicles[edit]

Name Origin Type Photo Notes
Vehicles and Aircraft
Toyota Corolla  Japan Patrol Car Toyota Corolla E180 sedan 01 China 2015-04-06.jpg Main service vehicle. Replacing former Soviet-era patrol vehicles.
Toyota Camry  Japan Patrol Car 07-09 Toyota Camry XLE.jpg Used as secondaries.
Skoda Octavia  Czech Republic Patrol Car Skoda Octavia IV liftback.jpg The latest models Issued to the new Patrol Service. [28]
Kia Forte / Cadenza  South Korea Patrol Car '19 Kia Forte Sean Spinelli.jpg Gifted by South Korea to the Armenian Patrol Sentry Service Regiment.[29]
Chevrolet Sonic / Aveo  United States Patrol Car Chevrolet Sonic sedan NAIAS 2011.1.jpg General Department of State Protection of the Police.[30]
Hyundai Elantra  South Korea Patrol Car 2010 Hyundai Elantra China edition.jpg Used also by the Military Police.
Lada VAZ  Soviet Union Patrol Car Lada VAZ 2107.jpg Currently being replaced. A few are still in service.
Lada Priora  Russia Patrol Car 2010 Lada Priora.jpg Used in rare situations.
IKCO  Iran Patrol Car Samand white rear.jpg Used by some units, being replaced widely.
Dodge Charger  United States Patrol Car Dodge Charger SRT8 white in Berlin Germany 1of2.jpg Tested in 2019. 300 units being delivered. Not seen in the public.
Ford Crown Victoria  United States Patrol Car 2006 Ford Crown Victoria.jpg 10 Vehicles in service in Yerevan only. Rarely used.
Toyota Prado  Japan Police SUV Toyota Land Cruiser Prado J150 LWB facelift II China 2019-04-03.jpg Used as a VIP transport. Old variants used by patrol and special units.
Hyundai Tucson  South Korea Police SUV Hyundai ix35 (aka in some markets Hyundai Tucson) LM in Oostburg.jpg
UAZ-469  Soviet Union Police SUV UAZ 469B.JPG Used mostly in rural areas.
Chevrolet Niva  Russia United States Police SUV Chevrolet Niva 2012.JPG Distributed to different divisions.[31]
UAZ Patriot  Russia Police SUV UAZ Patriot Police.jpg Used in support roles.
Toyota C-HR  Japan Police SUV 20200512 Toyota C-HR Hybrid.jpg New in service.
Chevrolet Tahoe  United States Unmarked Vehicle 08-09 Chevrolet Tahoe Hybrid.png Unmarked.
Mercedes-Benz G-Class  Germany Unmarked Vehicle Mercedes-Benz G-Class W463 facelift II 55 AMG China 2012-08-09.jpg Used as VIP transport.
Chevrolet Express  United States Transportation Vehicle Chevrolet Express Van.jpg Unmarked transportation vehicle. Also used as prisoner transport.[32]
Hyundai Starex  South Korea Transportation Vehicle 15 Hyundai Starex.jpg Used by the Armenian Patrol Sentry Service Regiment.
GAZelle  Russia Transportation Vehicle GAZelle-van.jpg Used by specialized units. Some unmarked.[32]
Toyota Hiace  Japan Transportation Vehicle Toyota Hiace (Jamaica) (35681469501).jpg Support roles.[32]
UAZ-452  Soviet Union Transportation Vehicle ParkPatriot2015part4-14.jpg Mostly used in support roles.
Volkswagen Transporter  Germany Transportation Vehicle Volkswagen Transporter TDI T5 (México).jpg Limited use.[32]
PAZ-3205  Soviet Union Transportation Vehicle PAZ-3205 Uzhhorod 3.jpg Used for riot roles and transport.
Ural-4320  Soviet Union Transport / Cargo Truck Ural 4320 of the Hungarian Army.JPG Few converted to riot trucks.
KamAZ-43501  Russia Transport / Cargo Truck Kamaz P9190209.JPG Very limited usage.
CNHTC Riot Control  China Riot Control Vehicle CNHTC Sinotruk Howo, Jamaica.jpg Fitted with armored and riot equipment. Used for riot control.[32]
GMC Grumman  United States Riot Control Vehicle Gmcstepvan.jpg Fitted with armored and riot equipment. Used for riot control and prisoner transport.[32]
GAZ-2975 "Tigr"  Russia Armored Vehicle GAZ-2975 Tigr.jpg Used by special forces, riot police, and rapid response units.
BTR-80  Soviet Union Armored Personnel Carrier BTR-80 TEK.jpg Used for riot control and counter-terrorism. Most APCs have their guns replaced with water cannons.
BRDM-2  Soviet Union Armored Personnel Carrier BRDM-2 armored vehicle.jpg Used for riot control. Guns replaced with water cannons.
Mi-8  Soviet Union Transport Helicopter Mi-8 RH.jpg Few used by the Armenian Police for transport.[32]
Eurocopter EC130  France Transport Helicopter S2-AGO, Eurocopter EC 130T2, Impress Aviation.jpg Few used for transporting and other operations.[33]
Eurocopter EC635 / EC 135  France Transport Helicopter SMURD 345 - Airbus Helicopter EC 135 in Hateg, Romania-9018.jpg Few used for transporting and other operations.[34]

See also[edit]

Links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Policing Profiles of Participating and Partner States. Aermenia". POLIS – Policing OnLine Information System. Archived from the original on 2009-10-15. Retrieved 2009-03-08.
  2. ^ Interpol entry Retrieved 14 May 2007
  3. ^ https://news.am/eng/news/583818.html
  4. ^ See for example http://www.mia.gov.az/index.php?/en/content/278/
  5. ^ a b "FROM THE RA POLICE HISTORY: CHRONICS". Retrieved 2018-07-19.
  6. ^ https://www.azatutyun.am/amp/31092340.html
  7. ^ https://www.aysor.am/en/news/2021/02/08/armenia-pm/1799218?__cf_chl_jschl_tk__=3e5721626b0f304a481b445e875b7124cc429e4e-1612811684-0-Af1ZhKJNU47zt3htUDE8ukaz5gb4OQGRqoU3QMp1_V7xca0IYWwZlvsCCYq5G61z-KUTpaBaBKOwLYJAX6-AKexXfbH7WJzDRZLNs55bTSNyr9pAWXlWzflqWmHWrqsh1FBFCxqemPgazLgpVPD1h_WlyplJsp5Ykz6CbH34miwg0wBJeLbfxZALXg4leuWY0PQrzyG9w3r47fsLuDOD6WMDjkLFTrMI7ehIAj5QYxQ8Keo_YCQgZ2_yvv1AQCGm6MO2M1fAzMRsRFmY6FxxHrQcgOmnwLLpsE-qomvhs4Do_RvW9oX9Vj413h-lZxiNSLwx2H7-inC_OxwQS9Jiy6FhdXC6VOv3-FrRWWH-2DOO
  8. ^ https://armenpress.am/eng/amp/1042703
  9. ^ https://www.primeminister.am/en/press-release/item/2021/06/24/Nikol-Pashinyan-meeting/
  10. ^ a b "Internet / Home – INTERPOL" (PDF). Interpol.int. 2017-09-26. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-07-14. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  11. ^ "Internet / Home – INTERPOL" (PDF). Interpol.int. 2017-09-26. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-03-01. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  12. ^ One, Studio. "ՀՀ ոստիկանության հասարակայնության հետ կապի և լրատվության վարչությունը 20 տարեկան է (ՏԵՍԱՆՅՈՒԹ) - ՆՈՐՈՒԹՅՈՒՆՆԵՐ - ՀԱՅԱՍՏԱՆԻ ՀԱՆՐԱՊԵՏՈՒԹՅԱՆ ՈՍՏԻԿԱՆՈՒԹՅՈՒՆ". www.police.am (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-03-18.
  13. ^ "The RA Police Orchestra – Tricolor". Retrieved 2021-03-16.
  14. ^ "ՀՀ ոստիկանության զորքերի նվագախումբը՝ Դուբայի ոստիկանության ակադեմիայի ավարտական երեկոյին (լուսանկարներ)". armdaily.am. Retrieved 2021-04-11.
  15. ^ "DocumentView". www.arlis.am. Retrieved 2021-03-16.
  16. ^ IISS Military Balance 2013, 216.
  17. ^ "Ոստիկանության զորքերի կանոնադրություն". www.irtek.am (in Armenian). Retrieved 2020-06-20.
  18. ^ "Law enforcement: 65 Armenia Police officers died in Artsakh war". news.am. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  19. ^ "Newspaper: Armenia Police Internal Troops to be sent to borders". news.am. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  20. ^ "Police troops assume important mission on providing support to Armenian Armed Forces – PM Pashinyan". armenpress.am. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  21. ^ "Armenia celebrates Day of formation of Police Troops". armenpress.am. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  22. ^ https://eadaily.com/ru/ampnews/2019/12/27/policeyskiy-specnaz-armenii-nagryanul-v-mesta-vorovskih-shodok
  23. ^ https://newsarmenia.am/news/armenia/politseyskiy-spetsnaz-stran-odkb-gotovitsya-obezvredit-terroristov-v-armenii/
  24. ^ http://www.parliament.am/legislation.php?sel=show&ID=1640&lang=arm
  25. ^ "День работника полиции Армении".
  26. ^ http://old.police.am/about-the-police/%D5%AF%D5%B8%D5%B9%D5%B8%D6%82%D5%B4%D5%B6%D5%A5%D6%80.html
  27. ^ "Учебные заведения". shieldandsword.mozohin.ru. Retrieved 2021-07-10.
  28. ^ "New police patrol service launches in Yerevan". armenpress.am. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  29. ^ "South Korean Government Gave Kia Car to Armenia's Police as a Present". armedia.am. Retrieved 2021-02-26.
  30. ^ One, Studio. "Ոստիկանության պետական պահպանության գլխավոր վարչություն. մարդկանց անվտանգությունն ու գույքի և ունեցվածքի պահպանությունը' հուսալի ձեռքերում (ՏԵՍԱՆՅՈՒԹ) - ՆՈՐՈՒԹՅՈՒՆՆԵՐ - ՀԱՅԱՍՏԱՆԻ ՀԱՆՐԱՊԵՏՈՒԹՅԱՆ ՈՍՏԻԿԱՆՈՒԹՅՈՒՆ". www.police.am (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-02-28.
  31. ^ One, Studio. "Վանաձորի ոստիկանները կողոպուտի դեպք են բացահայտել (ՏԵՍԱՆՅՈՒԹ) - ՆՈՐՈՒԹՅՈՒՆՆԵՐ - ՀԱՅԱՍՏԱՆԻ ՀԱՆՐԱՊԵՏՈՒԹՅԱՆ ՈՍՏԻԿԱՆՈՒԹՅՈՒՆ". www.police.am (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-02-28.
  32. ^ a b c d e f g Armenian Police, retrieved 2021-03-19
  33. ^ LLC, Helix Consulting. "Ուժեղացված ծառայություն. ՀՀ ոստիկանության պետը ուղղաթիռից հետևել է ծառայությանը (տեսանյութ) - Այսօր' թարմ լուրեր Հայաստանից". www.aysor.am. Retrieved 2021-02-28.
  34. ^ "ՃՈ-ն ուժեղացված ծառայության իրականացմանը ներգրավել է ուղղաթիռ". armenpress.am (in Armenian). Retrieved 2021-02-28.