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A police station (sometimes called a "station house" in the US) is a building which serves to accommodate police officers and other members of staff. These buildings often contain offices and accommodation for personnel and vehicles, along with locker rooms, temporary holding cells and interview/interrogation rooms. In many countries, the commander of a police station is called a commissary.
Large departments may have many stations to cover the area they serve. The names used for these facilities include:
- Area Commands are used by the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department.
- Barracks are used for many American state police and highway patrol stations.
- Detachment for local facilities of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and the Ontario Provincial Police.
- District offices are used by the California Highway Patrol.
- Districts are used by some urban police departments such as the Denver, Baltimore, Milwaukee, Detroit, New Orleans, Chicago, St. Louis, Philadelphia, and District of Columbia police departments.
- Divisions are used by the Toronto Police Service, Los Angeles Police Department, Fort Worth Police Department, Houston Police Department, the London Metropolitan Police Service, and other urban police departments.
- Precinct or precinct house for regional facilities of the New York City Police Department, Memphis Police Department, Newark Police Department, and other urban police departments in the United States.
- Substations are used by many departments, especially county sheriffs.
- Zones are used by some urban police departments such as the Atlanta Police Department.
- Basic Command Units are used by most British police forces.
- Kōban are small neighborhood police offices in Japan.
- Polis karakolu are small neighborhood police stations in Turkey.
- Specialized stations, such as women's police stations in Latin America and elsewhere.
A police station in India is typically under the command of an Inspector. In the case of a police station which is the headquarters of a Police Circle, the Inspector's office is clearly demarcated (and most likely in a separate building).In police station SHO(station house officer) is in charge.An urban police station probably have a Inspector ranked officer will have the charge of sho.w ile in rural station SI will be in charge of station.Other than sho the police station have Adl si,GD,Writers, station guards,women desk,driver constable and duty staffs.
The county Constabularies in Great Britain were previously organised on a village basis. Most villages of any size had a "police house". Police houses in small villages were often staffed by a single uniformed Constable, with larger stations being staffed by more. Local police stations were grouped together under the command of a uniformed Sergeant, whose station was known as a "sergeant's station". Larger towns in the county constabulary areas had police stations staffed by a number of officers, often under the command of an inspector or superintendent, usually also commanding a sub-division or division respectively, and therefore giving the names of "sub-divisional station" or "divisional station" to their stations.
The Republic Of Ireland
In the Irish Republic before the mid 1980's, many small towns and villages had small Garda Barracks, these were "Sub-District" Stations usually under the command of a Sergeant. Before the 1980's some of these barracks housed Gardaí, or Gardaí would have to live close to their barracks. This no longer happens, and many of these rural stations are either permanently closed or are only open part-time. These small stations together formed an entire district. The Garda District H.Q's were and remain located in the largest town in the district, usually under command of a superintendent. These District H.Q Barracks normally house Garda Reserves, Rank and File Gardaí, several Sergeants, approximately 1-2 inspectors, under the command of a Superintendent. These Districts, then form part of a Division. A Division normally covers the entire area of a county, there may be one or more counties within a division. The Division is named after the county for which it is located. The Divisional H.Q's are located in the largest town or city within that Division. These Barracks may have hundreds of Reserve Gardaí, Rank and File Gardaí, Sergeants, Inspectors, Superintendent, under the Command of a Chief Superintendent. The Garda H.Q in the Phoenix Park is under the command of the Garda Commissioner, with the support of the Deputy and Assistant Commissioners.
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