Police village

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A police village was a form of municipal government used in the province of Ontario, Canada, beginning in the early 19th century. It was used in cases where the finances or population of the area did not permit the creation of a village.

Formation[edit]

In the first part of the 19th Century, the Parliament of Upper Canada established "boards of police" in municipalities that were not large enough in size to justify the creation of a municipal council.[1]

The creation of "police villages" was authorized in 1850, upon the passage of the Baldwin Act by the Parliament of the Province of Canada,[2] and was continued by the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in 1873.[3] The law relating to them remained essentially unchanged until 1965, when the ability to create new police villages was abolished.[4]

Almost all of the communities which once held that status have since been erected into villages, towns or cities, or have been amalgamated into other municipalities. Russell still exists as such a body.[5]

Police villages were dissolved with provincial acts creating new municipalities. In 1971, the creation of York Region resulted in the dissolution of Holland Landing, King City, Maple, Mount Albert, Nobleton, Queensville, Schomberg, Sharon, Thornhill, and Unionville as police villages.[6] The responsibilities of the police village boards were shifted to other boards or the municipality to which the police village was amalgamated. For example, the trustees of the police village of King City were deemed a commission for the King City Hydro-Electric System, which became a local board of the township of King with full transfer of all rights and obligations.[7]

Police villages[edit]

Former police villages by historical county in Ontario
Historical County Police village (with date of creation)
Brant County
Carleton County[11]
Elgin County
Essex County[13]
Haldimand County[14]
Halton County
Hastings County
Huron County
Kent County
Lambton County
United Counties of Leeds & Grenville
Lincoln County[22]
Middlesex County
Norfolk County[14]
United Counties of Northumberland and Durham[23]
Ontario County[23]
Oxford County[24]
Peel County[25]
United Counties of Prescott and Russell
Renfrew County
Simcoe County
Victoria County
Waterloo County[28]
Welland County[22]
Wellington County
Wentworth County[30]
York County[6]
  1. ^ since amalgamated with Brantford
  2. ^ Shared with Middlesex County until 1949
  3. ^ Shared with Wellington County until 1974

References[edit]

  1. ^ as in the case of Brockville: An Act to establish a Police in the Town of Brockville, in the District of Johnstown, S.U.C. 1832, c. 17
  2. ^ An Act to provide, by one general law, for the erection of Municipal Corporations, and the establishment of Regulations of Police, in and for the several Counties, Cities, Towns, Townships and Villages in Upper-Canada, S.Prov.C. 1849, c. 81, s. 42
  3. ^ An Act respecting Municipal Institutions in the Province of Ontario, S.O. 1873, c. 48, s. 477
  4. ^ The Municipal Amendment Act, 1965, S.O. 1965, c. 77, s. 34 , repealing The Municipal Act, R.S.O. 1960, c. 249, s. 487-490
  5. ^ "2014 Municipal Elections - Official Results" (PDF). Township of Russell. 
  6. ^ a b The Regional Municipality of York Act, 1970, S.O. 1970, c. 50, s. 2(2)
  7. ^ The Regional Municipality of York Act, 1970, S.O. 1970, c. 50, s. 178(3)
  8. ^ Marton, Michael-Allan (April 13, 2010). "Burford businessman worked to improve community". Brantford Expositor. 
  9. ^ The Police Village of St. George Act, 1980, S.O. 1980, c. 45
  10. ^ Ibbotson, Heather (October 4, 2014). "Flashback Oct. 4". Brantford Expositor. 
  11. ^ The Regional Municipality of Ottawa-Carleton Amendment Act, 1973 (No. 2), S.O. 1973, c. 138, s. 3
  12. ^ An Act respecting the Township of South Dorchester, S.O. 1948, c. 125
  13. ^ "Summary of the Municipal History of the County of Essex (1792 - 1923)". countyofessex.on.ca. County of Essex. Retrieved December 15, 2016. 
  14. ^ a b The Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk Act, 1973, S.O. 1973, c. 96, s. 2(2)
  15. ^ as acknowledged in An Act respecting the United Fuel Investments, Limited, the Town of Oakville, the Townships of Trafalgar and Nelson, Burlington Beach Commission and the Police Village of Bronte, S.O. 1929, c. 135
  16. ^ The Regional Municipality of Halton Act, 1973, S.O. 1973, c. 70, s. 2(2)
  17. ^ withdrawn from Halton under The Regional Municipality of Halton Amendment Act, 1973, S.O. 1973, c. 162, s. 1
  18. ^ "Order of the Commission made under the Municipal Act: Town of Clinton, Township of Goderich, Township of Hullett" (PDF). Ontario Gazette. 133 (9): 332–335. February 26, 2000. ISSN 0030-2937. , at s. 9
  19. ^ a b c "Order of the Commission made under the Municipal Act: Township of Stephen, Town of Exeter, Township of Usborne, County of Huron" (PDF). Ontario Gazette. 133 (9): 336–342. February 26, 2000. ISSN 0030-2937. , at s. 7
  20. ^ "Order of the Commission made under the Municipal Act: United Counties of Leeds and Grenville" (PDF). Ontario Gazette. 133 (29): 1328–1329. July 15, 2000. ISSN 0030-2937. , at s. 8
  21. ^ "Order of the Commission made under the Municipal Act: Village of Cardinal, Township of Edwardsburgh" (PDF). Ontario Gazette. 133 (9): 325–327. February 26, 2000. ISSN 0030-2937. , at s. 7
  22. ^ a b The Regional Municipality of Niagara Act, 1968-69, S.O. 1968-69, c. 106, s. 2(2)
  23. ^ a b The Regional Municipality of Durham Act, 1973, S.O. 1973, c. 78, s. 2(2)
  24. ^ The County of Oxford Act, 1974, S.O. 1974, c. 57, s. 2(2)
  25. ^ The Regional Municipality of Peel Act, 1973, S.O. 1973, c. 60, s. 2(2)
  26. ^ "Order of the Commission made under the Municipal Act: County of Victoria" (PDF). Ontario Gazette. 133 (19): 892–898. May 6, 2000. ISSN 0030-2937. , at s. 10
  27. ^ "Order of the Commission made under the Municipal Act: County of Victoria" (PDF). Ontario Gazette. 133 (27): 1227–1229. July 1, 2000. ISSN 0030-2937. 
  28. ^ The Regional Municipality of Waterloo Act, 1972, S.O. 1972, c. 105, s. 2(2)
  29. ^ as acknowledged in An Act to detach Certain Lands from the Police Village of Crystal Beach, S.O. 1918, c. 57
  30. ^ The Regional Municipality of Hamilton-Wentworth Act, 1973, S.O. 1973, c. 74, s. 2(2)
  31. ^ Canadian Engineer. 63. Monetary Times Print Company. 1932. p. 42. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]